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1.
Control of oscillating combustion and noise based on local flame structure   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
To control combustion oscillations, the characteristics of an oscillating swirl injection premixed flame have been investigated, and control of oscillating combustion and noise based on local flame structure has been conducted. The r.m.s. value of pressure fluctuations and noise level show significantly large values between = 0.8 and 1.1. The beating of pressure fluctuations is observed for the large oscillating flame conditions in this combustor. Relationship between beating of pressure fluctuations and local flame structure was observed by the simultaneous measurement of CH/OH planar laser induced fluorescence and pressure fluctuations. The local flame structure and beating of pressure fluctuations are related and the most complicated flame is formed in the middle pressure fluctuating region of beating. The beating of pressure fluctuations, which plays important roles in noise generation and nitric oxide emission in this combustor, could be controlled by injecting secondary fuel into the recirculating region of oscillating flames. Injecting secondary fuel prevented lean blowout, and low NOx combustion was also achieved even for the case of pure methane injection as a secondary fuel. By injecting secondary fuel into the recirculating region near the swirl injector, the flame lifted from the swirl injector and its reaction region became uniform and widespread, hence resulting in low nitric oxide emission. Secondary mixture injection, fuel diluted with air, is not effective for control of combustion oscillations suppression and lean blowout prevention.  相似文献
2.
Self-assembled GaSb quantum dots (QDs) with a photoluminescence wavelength longer than 1.3 μm were successfully grown by suppressing the replacement of As and Sb on the surface of the GaSb QDs. This result means that GaSb can thus join InAs or GaInAs as a suitable material for QD lasers for optical communications.  相似文献
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4.
To better understand the operation of a new fuel cell design, we used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to measure the water content distribution in a polymer electrolyte membrane under fuel cell operation with and without a supply of liquid water. The supply of liquid water to the membrane improved the cell performance by increasing the water content in the membrane and thus reducing the electrical resistance of the membrane. The study also showed that MRI is a promising method to investigate the distribution of water in the membrane of a fuel cell under operating conditions.  相似文献
5.
We have systematically studied the effect of an InxGa1−xAs insertion layer (IL) on the optical and structural properties of InAs quantum dot (QD) structures. A high density of 9.6×1010 cm−2 of InAs QDs with an In0.3Ga0.7As IL has been achieved on a GaAs (1 0 0) substrate by metal organic chemical vapor deposition. A photoluminescence line width of 25 meV from these QDs has been obtained. We attribute the high density and high uniformity of these QDs to the use of the IL. Our results show that the InGaAs IL is useful for obtaining high-quality InAs QD structures for devices with a 1.3 μm operation.  相似文献
6.
Dynamics of single InGaN quantum dots   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Decay dynamics for single InGaN quantum dots are presented using time-resolved photoluminescence. The recombination is shown to be characterized by a single exponential decay, in contrast to the non-exponential recombination dynamics seen in the 2D wetting layer. The lifetimes of single dots in the temperature range 4–60 K decrease with increasing temperature. Different dots show similar lifetimes of 2 ns.  相似文献
7.
The one-dimensional totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) is considered. We study the time evolution property of a tagged particle in the TASEP with the step initial condition. Calculated is the multi-time joint distribution function of its position. Using the relation of the dynamics of the TASEP to the Schur process, we show that the function is represented as the Fredholm determinant. We also study the scaling limit. The universality of the largest eigenvalue in the random matrix theory is realized in the limit. When the hopping rates of all particles are the same, it is found that the joint distribution function converges to that of the Airy process after the time at which the particle begins to move. On the other hand, when there are several particles with small hopping rate in front of a tagged particle, the limiting process changes at a certain time from the Airy process to the process of the largest eigenvalue in the Hermitian multi-matrix model with external sources.  相似文献
8.
The influence of a Bi surfactant layer on the structural and magnetic properties of Co/Cu multilayers grown onto Cu(1 1 0) buffer layer by RF magnetron sputtering has been studied. The results of X-ray diffraction revealed the initial deposition of a 2.0 Å-thick Bi layer onto the Cu buffer layer prior to the deposition of the Co/Cu multilayer yielded high-quality fcc-(1 1 0) oriented epitaxial films. The X-ray photoelectron spectra revealed that Bi was segregated at around the top of the surface. Therefore, Bi was concluded to be an effective surfactant to enhance the epitaxial growth of Co/Cu(1 1 0) multilayer. The maximum giant magnetoresistance and antiferromagnetic interlayer coupling ratios of the Co/Cu multilayers were increased by using the Bi surfactant layer.  相似文献
9.
Photonic amorphous diamond structure with a 3D photonic band gap   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
We report that a full three-dimensional (3D) photonic band gap (PBG) is formed in a photonic amorphous structure in spite of complete lack of lattice periodicity. It is numerically shown that the structure "photonic amorphous diamond" possesses a sizable 3D PBG (18% of the center frequency for Si-air dielectric contrast) and that it can confine light at a defect as strongly as conventional photonic crystals can. These findings present important new insight into the origin of 3D PBG formation and open new possibilities in developing 3D PBG materials.  相似文献
10.
Second law of thermodynamics with discrete quantum feedback control   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
A new thermodynamic inequality is derived which leads to the maximum work that can be extracted from multi-heat-baths with the assistance of discrete quantum feedback control. The maximum work is determined by the free-energy difference and a generalized mutual information content between the thermodynamic system and the feedback controller. This maximum work can exceed that in conventional thermodynamics and, in the case of a heat cycle with two heat baths, the heat efficiency can be greater than that of the Carnot cycle. The consistency of our results with the second law of thermodynamics is ensured by the fact that work is needed for information processing of the feedback controller.  相似文献
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