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1.
Some new exact solutions of Einstein’s field equations have come forth within the scope of a spatially homogeneous and anisotropic Bianchi type-III space-time filled with barotropic fluid and dark energy by considering a variable deceleration parameter. We consider the case when the dark energy is minimally coupled to the perfect fluid as well as direct interaction with it. Under the suitable condition, the anisotropic models approach to isotropic scenario. We also find that during the evolution of the universe, the equation of state (EoS) for dark energy ω (de), in both cases, tends to ?1 (cosmological constant, ω (de)=?1), by displaying various patterns as time increases, which is consistent with recent observations. The cosmic jerk parameter in our derived models are in good agreement with the recent data of astrophysical observations under appropriate condition. It is observed that the universe starts from an asymptotic Einstein static era and reaches to the ΛCDM model. So from recently developed Statefinder parameters, the behaviour of different stages of the universe has been studied. The physical and geometric properties of cosmological models are also discussed.  相似文献
2.
HASSAN AMIRHASHCHI 《Pramana》2013,80(4):723-738
In this paper, the effect of electromagnetic field in the string Bianchi type-VI0 Universe is investigated. Einstein’s field equations have been solved exactly with suitable physical assumptions for two types of strings: (i) massive strings and (ii) Nambu strings. It is found that when the Universe is dominated by massive strings, the existence of electromagnetic field is necessary as it accelerates the expansion of the Universe. But when our Universe is dominated by Nambu strings, the electromagnetic field does not have significant effect on the evolution of the Universe. We have also shown that the early massive string-dominated Universe got converted to Nambu string-dominated Universe later. Our models are derived from an early deceleration phase to an accelerating phase which is consistent with the recent observations of supernovae type-Ia. The physical and geometrical behaviour of these models are also discussed.  相似文献
3.
A new class of a spatially homogeneous and anisotropic Bianchi type-I cosmological models of the universe for perfect fluid distribution within the framework of scalar-tensor theory of gravitation proposed by Sáez and Ballester (Phys. Lett. 113:467, 1986) is investigated. To prevail the deterministic solutions we choose the different scale factors which yield time-dependent deceleration parameters (DP) representing models which generate a transition of the universe from the early decelerated phase to the recent accelerating phase. Three different physically viable models of the universe are obtained in which their anisotropic solutions may enter to some isotropic inflationary era. The modified Einstein’s field equations are solved exactly and the models are found to be in good concordance with recent observations. Some physical and geometric properties of the models are also discussed.  相似文献
4.
从能量、几何构型与电子性能的角度研究比较了Zn12O12和Mg12O12纳米笼对NO的吸附. 从能量角度考虑,MgO纳米笼对NO吸附比ZnO更有利. MgO的HOMO-LUMO能隙(Eg)在NO分子的存在下, 显著地降低, 它从一个本征半导体(Eg≈5.00 eV)转化为p型半导体(Eg≈1.93 eV). 可以预测,Mg12O12纳米笼的电子和电导性能对于NO分子很敏感,它有可能成为检测NO分子的一种工具.  相似文献
5.
通过密度泛函计算, 借助NH3和H2O分子对未掺杂以及钙掺杂的BeO碳纳米管的结构和电传导性进行了研究. 结果发现,NH3和H2O分子可以吸附在纳米管侧壁的Be原子上,吸附能分别为约36.1和39.0 kcal/mol. 态密度分析显示BeO纳米管的电传导性在吸附后稍有变化. 对于NH3和H2O分子,纳米管表面的钙原子替换Be原子可使吸附能分别增加约7.4和14.7 kcal/mol. 与未掺杂纳米管不同的是,钙掺杂BeONT吸附NH3和H2O分子的电传导性更加敏感,且H2O分子比NH3分子更敏感.  相似文献
6.
7.
In the framework of the density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we present a first time investigation of the properties of four kinds of configurations of carbon nanobuds (CNBs) in which a perfect or defective C60 molecule attaches covalently on the surface of an armchair single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT). Chemical shielding (CS) parameters were calculated for the optimized structures. Our results indicate that carbon nanobuds have different values of formation energy, band gap energy, dipole moment, charge transfer and chemical-shielding isotropy (CSI), which result from the many covalent combinations of the fullerenes with the carbon nanotubes. These calculations were carried out using the Gaussian 09 software package.  相似文献
8.
A model of a cloud formed by massive strings is studied in the context of the usual general relativity. This model is used as a source of Bianchi type VI 0 massive with magnetic field and bulk viscosity. To get a determinate model, we assume that the expansion (θ) in the model is proportional to the shear (σ) and also the fluid obeys the barotropic equation of state. The behaviour of the models from physical and geometrical aspects in presence and absence of magnetic field and bulk viscosity is discussed.  相似文献
9.
Exact solution of Einstein's field equations is obtained for massive string cosmological model of Bianchi III space-time using the technique given by Letelier (1983) in presence of perfect fluid and electromagnetic field. To get the deterministic solution of the field equations the expansion 0 in the model is considered as proportional to the eigen value σ2^2of the shear tensor σi^j and also the fluid obeys the barotropic equation of state. It is observed that in early stage of the evolution of the universe string dominates over the particle whereas the universe is dominated by massive string at the late time. It is also observed that the string phase of the universe disappears in our model because particle density becomes negative. Some physical and geometric properties of the model are also discussed.  相似文献
10.
An experimental study performed to compare the results of different methods used in the literature for the calculation of heat transfer coefficient in double-tube heat exchangers. Then, a new fundamental approach was proposed which used the temperature profile and the local heat transfer coefficients. In this method, the heat transfer coefficient has been calculated for the total length of the heat exchanger including developing and fully developed regions. Numerous experimentations have been conducted in a double-tube heat exchanger. A significant difference observed between the results obtained from the suggested approach and those of the previous methods.  相似文献
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