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研究了N ,N 二甲基苯胺和苯醌间光诱导电荷转移的溶剂效应 .首先在B3LYP/ 6 31G 水平上对给体和受体进行构型优化 ,然后采用优化的给受体构型在Cs 对称性下计算得到两种相对稳定的复合物构象P和T .在CIS/ 6 31+G 水平上计算复合物气相激发态 ,结果发现 ,构象P的第三单重激发态发生分子间的完全电荷分离 ,构象T的第三激发单重态发生分子间的部分电荷分离 .在上述同样水平上计算复合物溶剂条件下的激发态性质 ,与气相结果相比表明 ,溶剂中两种构象的第三单重激发态均发生完全电荷分离 ,吸收光谱均发生较大红移 .  相似文献
2.
In this Letter, we obtain a two-peakon solution to a special Dullin–Gottwald–Holm equation explicitly by direct computation, and then discuss the peakon–antipeakon interaction in this equation. Our results show that, like the Camassa–Holm equation, during the soliton absorption time, the peakon–antipeakon in this equation is essentially a single-peaked, double-cornered wave. However, the two corners may travel in opposite direction for some ω, which is different from that in the Camassa–Holm equation.  相似文献
3.
The hydrophobic properties of γ-Al2O3 membrane have been obtained by grafting fluoroalkylsilane (FAS) on the surface of the membrane. The following grafting parameters were studied: the eroding time of the original membrane, the grafting time, the concentration of FAS solution and the multiplicity of grafting. Hydrophobicity of the membranes was characterized by contact angle (CA) measurement. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was used to investigate the weight loss process (25–800 °C) of the fluoroalkylsilane grafted on Al2O3 powders under different grafting conditions. The morphologies of the membranes modified under different parameters were examined by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and the surface roughness (Ra) was measured using white light interferometers. A needle-like structure was observed on the membrane surface after modification, which causes the change of Ra. On the results above, we speculated a model to describe the reaction between FAS and γ-Al2O3 membrane surface as well as the formed surface morphology.  相似文献
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