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1.
基于核磁共振的统计全相关谱在大鼠肾脏组织中的应用   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
生物组织是基于NMR的代谢组学研究的主要对象之一,广泛应用于分子病理学、毒理学、生物医学等众多领域.但是,为了保证测定的准确,组织的NMR实验往往需要在较低的温度下和较短时间内完成,以防止由于组织内酶的降解和扩散而导致的某些代谢物质的分析信息被破坏.统计全相关谱(Statistical Total Correlation Spectroscopy,STOCSY)是依靠一维谱来实现二维谱的一些功能的方法,不需要额外的实验时间,已经被广泛应用于代谢组学研究中.本文采用STOCSY方法,通过对一系列1H高分辨魔角旋转谱的统计分析和计算,得到了肾脏组织的准二维相关谱,其中共振峰之间的相关较为准确的反应了物质之间的耦合信息,为物质的归属提供了帮助.  相似文献
2.
介绍了在傅里叶变换红外光谱(FTIR)技术基础上发展起来的一种监测污染源有害气体排放率的新方法——红外掩日通量(solar occultation flux, SOF)法.在理论上建立了太阳辐射两层传输模型,根据比尔定律阐述了计算污染物透过率的方法.详细介绍了如何从HITRAN,NIST和QAsoft三种红外数据库中提取气体标准吸收截面.介绍了基于Levenberg-Marquardt非线性最小二乘法反演污染气体柱浓度的算法和污染源气体排放率计算算法.介绍了整套装置的组成部分和太阳跟踪装置的结构.对合肥某一化肥厂的氨气排放进行了测量,从实验结果可以看出,测量的柱浓度分布准确地反应了污染物排放和扩散情况,证明了污染源排放气体浓度时空分布反演算法的正确性.  相似文献
3.
采用低压金属有机化学气相沉积(LP-MOCVD)技术,在掺Fe的半绝缘InP衬底上制备了InAs0.157P0.843外延层。利用变温光致发光研究了InAs0.157P0.843外延层在13~300K温度范围内的发光特性,通过理论分析与计算,证实了在应力作用下InAs0.157P0.843外延层价带顶的轻重空穴带发生了劈裂,并研究了导带底与价带顶轻空穴带之间形成的复合发光峰在应力作用下随温度的变化规律。  相似文献
4.
5.
提出了一种基于交叉克尔非线性效应的纠缠态转移方案.利用该方案可以将离散变量光场态之间的纠缠关系转移到连续变量光场态(相干态)上.通过适当设置初始相干态的振幅,该方案可以使转移后的纠缠相干态处于最大纠缠态.  相似文献
6.
High-pressure phases of BC3 are studied within the local density approximation under the density functional theory framework. When the pressure reaches 20 GPa, the layered BC3 that is a semiconductor at ambient pressure, becomes metallic. As the pressure increases, the material changes into a network structure at about 35 GPa. To understand the mechanism of phase transitions, band structure and density of states are discussed. With the increase of pressure, the width of bands broadens and the dispersion of bands enlarges. Additionally, the density of states of the network bears great resemblance to that of diamond. Formation of the sp3 bonding in the network is the main reason for the structural transformation at 35 GPa.  相似文献
7.
采用低压金属有机化学气相沉积(LP-MOCVD)技术,在掺Fe的半绝缘InP衬底上制备了InAs0.157P0.843外延层.利用变温光致发光研究了InAs0.157P0.843外延层在13~300 K温度范围内的发光特性,通过理论分析与计算,证实了在应力作用下InAs0.157P0.843外延层价带顶的轻重空穴带发生了劈裂,并研究了导带底与价带顶轻空穴带之间形成的复合发光峰在应力作用下随温度的变化规律.  相似文献
8.
提出了一种基于交叉克尔非线性效应的纠缠态转移方案.利用该方案可以将离散变量光场态之间的纠缠关系转移到连续变量光场态(相干态)上.通过适当设置初始相干态的振幅,该方案可以使转移后的纠缠相干态处于最大纠缠态.  相似文献
9.
Passive Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) remote sensing measurement of chemical gas cloud is a vital technology. It takes an important part in many fields for the detection of released gases. The principle of concentration measurement is based on the Beer--Lambert law. Unlike the active measurement, for the passive remote sensing, in most cases, the difference between the temperature of the gas cloud and the brightness temperature of the background is usually a few kelvins. The gas cloud emission is almost equal to the background emission, thereby the emission of the gas cloud cannot be ignored. The concentration retrieval algorithm is quite different from the active measurement. In this paper, the concentration retrieval algorithm for the passive FTIR remote measurement of gas cloud is presented in detail, which involves radiative transfer model, radiometric calibration, absorption coefficient calculation, {\it et al}. The background spectrum has a broad feature, which is a slowly varying function of frequency. In this paper, the background spectrum is fitted with a polynomial by using the Levenberg--Marquardt method which is a kind of nonlinear least squares fitting algorithm. No background spectra are required. Thus, this method allows mobile, real-time and fast measurements of gas clouds.  相似文献
10.
Imtiaz Ahmad  卢志明  刘宇陆 《中国物理 B》2014,23(1):14701-014701
Streamwise evolution of longitudinal and transverse velocity structure functions in a decaying homogeneous and nearly isotropic turbulence is reported for Reynolds numbers Reλ up to 720. First, two theoretical relations between longitudinal and transverse structure functions are examined in the light of recently derived relations and the results show that the low-order transverse structure functions can be well approximated by longitudinal ones within the sub-inertial range. Reconstruction of fourth-order transverse structure functions with a recently proposed relation by Grauer et al. is comparatively less valid than the relation already proposed by Antonia et al. Secondly, extended self-similarity methods are used to measure the scaling exponents up to order eight and the streamwise evolution of scaling exponents is explored. The scaling exponents of longitudinal structure functions are, at first location, close to Zybin’s model, and at the fourth location, close to She–Leveque model. No obvious trend is found for the streamwise evolution of longitudinal scaling exponents, whereas, on the contrary, transverse scaling exponents become slightly smaller with the development of a steamwise direction. Finally, the stremwise variation of the order-dependent isotropy ratio indicates the turbulence at the last location is closer to isotropic than the other three locations.  相似文献
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