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1.
基于核磁共振的统计全相关谱在大鼠肾脏组织中的应用   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
生物组织是基于NMR的代谢组学研究的主要对象之一,广泛应用于分子病理学、毒理学、生物医学等众多领域.但是,为了保证测定的准确,组织的NMR实验往往需要在较低的温度下和较短时间内完成,以防止由于组织内酶的降解和扩散而导致的某些代谢物质的分析信息被破坏.统计全相关谱(Statistical Total Correlation Spectroscopy,STOCSY)是依靠一维谱来实现二维谱的一些功能的方法,不需要额外的实验时间,已经被广泛应用于代谢组学研究中.本文采用STOCSY方法,通过对一系列1H高分辨魔角旋转谱的统计分析和计算,得到了肾脏组织的准二维相关谱,其中共振峰之间的相关较为准确的反应了物质之间的耦合信息,为物质的归属提供了帮助.  相似文献
2.
介绍了在傅里叶变换红外光谱(FTIR)技术基础上发展起来的一种监测污染源有害气体排放率的新方法——红外掩日通量(solar occultation flux, SOF)法.在理论上建立了太阳辐射两层传输模型,根据比尔定律阐述了计算污染物透过率的方法.详细介绍了如何从HITRAN,NIST和QAsoft三种红外数据库中提取气体标准吸收截面.介绍了基于Levenberg-Marquardt非线性最小二乘法反演污染气体柱浓度的算法和污染源气体排放率计算算法.介绍了整套装置的组成部分和太阳跟踪装置的结构.对合肥某一化肥厂的氨气排放进行了测量,从实验结果可以看出,测量的柱浓度分布准确地反应了污染物排放和扩散情况,证明了污染源排放气体浓度时空分布反演算法的正确性.  相似文献
3.
High-pressure phases of BC3 are studied within the local density approximation under the density functional theory framework. When the pressure reaches 20 GPa, the layered BC3 that is a semiconductor at ambient pressure, becomes metallic. As the pressure increases, the material changes into a network structure at about 35 GPa. To understand the mechanism of phase transitions, band structure and density of states are discussed. With the increase of pressure, the width of bands broadens and the dispersion of bands enlarges. Additionally, the density of states of the network bears great resemblance to that of diamond. Formation of the sp3 bonding in the network is the main reason for the structural transformation at 35 GPa.  相似文献
4.
Imtiaz Ahmad  卢志明  刘宇陆 《中国物理 B》2014,23(1):14701-014701
Streamwise evolution of longitudinal and transverse velocity structure functions in a decaying homogeneous and nearly isotropic turbulence is reported for Reynolds numbers Reλ up to 720. First, two theoretical relations between longitudinal and transverse structure functions are examined in the light of recently derived relations and the results show that the low-order transverse structure functions can be well approximated by longitudinal ones within the sub-inertial range. Reconstruction of fourth-order transverse structure functions with a recently proposed relation by Grauer et al. is comparatively less valid than the relation already proposed by Antonia et al. Secondly, extended self-similarity methods are used to measure the scaling exponents up to order eight and the streamwise evolution of scaling exponents is explored. The scaling exponents of longitudinal structure functions are, at first location, close to Zybin’s model, and at the fourth location, close to She–Leveque model. No obvious trend is found for the streamwise evolution of longitudinal scaling exponents, whereas, on the contrary, transverse scaling exponents become slightly smaller with the development of a steamwise direction. Finally, the stremwise variation of the order-dependent isotropy ratio indicates the turbulence at the last location is closer to isotropic than the other three locations.  相似文献
5.
利用飞秒时间分辨质谱技术研究了邻碘甲苯分子在266 nm激发下的光解动力学. 光解产物碎片通过800 nm强激光场下的多光子电离实现探测. 拟合光解产物C7H7自由基和I原子随泵浦-探测延迟时间变化的信号,得到解离时间为38±50 fs,它反映的是266 nm同时激发nσ*ππ*态后C-I键的平均解离时间. 此外,还利用基态碘原子的共振波长298.23 nm作为探测光,通过共振增强多光子电离方法对解离生成的基态碘原子进行了选择性探测. 拟合I+随泵浦-探测延迟时间变化的信号,得到解离时间为40±50 fs,这与通过800 nm多光子电离得到的解离时间一致,表明解离生成的主要产物是基态碘原子.  相似文献
6.
A simple and effective switchable dual-wavelength polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber laser is proposed and demonstrated. Only using a uniform fiber Bragg grating written directly in a segment of the photosensitive and polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber as the wavelength selector and an optical circulator as the all-reflecting mirror, a stable simultaneous dual-wavelength oscillation is achieved with a wavelength spacing of 0.364 nm experimentally by exploiting the polarization hole burning effect at room temperature. The output can be switched between single- and dual-wavelength by adjusting the polarization controller. The 3-dB bandwidth and the side mode suppression ratio of the laser’s outputs are measured to be less than 0.01 nm and more than 50 dB. The power fluctuation and wavelength drift are measured to be less than 0.50 dB and 0.020 nm over an hour.  相似文献
7.
提出了一种基于交叉克尔非线性效应产生四光子偏振态簇态的方案,与其他产生四光子簇态的方案比较,该方案引入宇称门的思想和用到基于零差探测的非破坏测量方法,使得该方案在实验上更易于操作及实现.  相似文献
8.
采用低压金属有机化学气相沉积(LP-MOCVD)技术,在掺Fe的半绝缘InP衬底上制备了InAs0.157P0.843外延层.利用变温光致发光研究了InAs0.157P0.843外延层在13~300 K温度范围内的发光特性,通过理论分析与计算,证实了在应力作用下InAs0.157P0.843外延层价带顶的轻重空穴带发生了劈裂,并研究了导带底与价带顶轻空穴带之间形成的复合发光峰在应力作用下随温度的变化规律.  相似文献
9.
采用低压金属有机化学气相沉积(LP-MOCVD)技术,在掺Fe的半绝缘InP衬底上制备了InAs0.157P0.843 外延层。利用变温光致发光研究了InAs0.157P0.843外延层在13~300 K温度范围内的发光特性,通过理论分析与计算,证实了在应力作用下InAs0.157P0.843外延层价带顶的轻重空穴带发生了劈裂,并研究了导带底与价带顶轻空穴带之间形成的复合发光峰在应力作用下随温度的变化规律。  相似文献
10.
One of the advantages of the variational iteration method is the free choice of initial guess. In this paper we use the basic idea of the Jacobian-function method to construct a generalized trial function with some unknown parameters. The Jaulent-Miodek equations are used to illustrate effectiveness and convenience of this method, some new explicit exact travelling wave solutions have been obtained, which include bell-type soliton solution, kink-type soliton solutions, solitary wave solutions, and doubly periodic wave solutions.  相似文献
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