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1.
大气辐射传输模型的比较研究   总被引:8,自引:4,他引:4  
讨论了三种通用的大气辐射传输模型的特点和使用限制,用辐射传输定律作了数值检验,并与实验测量资料作了比较。结果表明,氧碘激光和氟化氢泛频20P4激光谱线大气透过率的计算值与实验测量值吻合,氟化氢泛频20P5却出现严重偏差。还研究了大气气溶胶种类对大气透过率计算和测量的严重影响。  相似文献
2.
圆柱坐标系下任意方向辐射强度的源项六流法模拟   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
基于传统热流法,提出一种圆柱坐标系下的源项六流模型(Source Six Flux,SSF),可快速准确地计算参与性介质内任意方向的出射辐射强度.详细介绍SSF模型的基本原理和求解步骤,以圆柱形吸收、散射、发射性介质为例,模拟其沿任意方向的出射辐射强度,并与反向蒙特卡罗法(Backward Monte Carlo,BMC)和二流法(Two Flux Method,TFM)的计算结果进行比较.结果表明,SSF法与BMC法的计算结果吻合较好,计算精度均高于TFM法,但SSF法的计算效率明显优于BMC法.因此,SSF模型是一种适用于计算任意方向辐射强度问题的高效数值模型.  相似文献
3.
采用激光拉曼光谱内标法对不同采收期连翘叶中连翘苷的含量进行测定.分别选取连翘苷甲醇溶液的拉曼光谱中连翘苷呋喃环上C-H对称伸缩振动(2844 am-1处强峰)和溶剂甲醇中CH3-O反对称伸缩振动(2975 cm-1)作为定量峰和内标参比峰.以两拉曼峰峰强的比值组成相对强度,绘制标准曲线,并对线性和加样回收率进行考察.在1.1×10-5 mol·L-1~3.5×10-4 mol·L-1(5.9 mg·mL-1~189.1 mg·mL-1)范围内,连翘苷的浓度与相对峰强的线性关系良好,r=0.9980,检出限为5.2×10-6mol·L-1.通过精密度、重复性和加样回收率测定,结果证明该法具有良好的精密度、重复性和准确性.对不同采收期的连翘叶样品进行了测定,结果表明该法简便快速、高效灵敏,可用于其含量测定.拉曼光谱内标法用于连翘苷的定量分析具有操作简便和无需添加其它试剂等优点,可以用于药物的含量测定.  相似文献
4.
A squarylium dye is dissolved in 4-cyano-4'-pentylbiphenyl (SCB) and oriented by sandwiching mixtures between two pieces of rubbed glass plates. The optical absorption spectra of the oriented squarylium dye-5CB layers exhibit high anisotropy. The third-order nonlinear optical responses and susceptibilities X^(3)e of squarylium dye in 5CB are measured with light polarizations parallel and perpendicular to the orientational direction by the resonant femtosecond degenerate four-wave mixing (DFWM) technique. Temporal profiles of the DFWM signal of the oriented squarylium dye-5CB layers with light polarizations parallel and perpendicular to the orientational direction are measured with a time resolution of 0.3ps (FWHM), and are found to consist of two components, i.e., the coherent instantaneous nonlinear response and slow response due to the formation of excited molecules. A high anisotropic ratio of x^(3)e, 10.8 :k 1.2, is observed for the oriented layers.  相似文献
5.
A cyanine dye, 2-[7-(1,3-dihydro-1,3,3-trimethyl-2H-indol-2-ylidene)-1,3,5-heptatrienyl]-1,3,3-trimethyl-3H-indolium iodide (NK-125), is doped in 4-cyano-4'-pentylbiphenyl (5 CB), and the mixture is sandwiched between two pieces of rubbed glass plates. The third-order nonlinear optical properties of the oriented NK-125-SCB layers are measured by the resonant femtosecond degenerate four-wave mixing (DFWM) technique at 760 nm. The third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of one of the present samples is 5.5×10^-8 esu. The slow DFWM response of the NK-125-SCB layers due to a population grating is accelerated by the increasing laser power because of amplified spontaneous emission (ASE). On the other hand, we do not observe a similar phenomenon for NK-125- polyethylene glycol (PEG-400). Oriented NK-125 molecules in nematic liquid crystals must have very high ASE efficiency. Hence the population grating in a DFWM signal disappears within about 4 ps. It is expected that NK-125-SCB can be used as a material for very fast all-optical switching.  相似文献
6.
The laser direct patterning technique is one of the new methods of direct etching process to replace the conventional photolithography. In this experiment, a Q-switched diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 (λ = 1064 nm) laser was used to produce the indium-tin oxide (ITO) patterns with a complex T-shaped structure on glass substrate. The results showed that the overlapping rate of laser beam had a major effect on the quality of the edge of the ITO electrode. When the overlapping rate was about 75%, it was possible to obtain optimum linearity in the edge of patterned ITO electrode. By using the optimum conditions of 75% overlapping rate, 500 mm/s scanning speed, and 40 kHz repetition rate, an alternative current plasma display panels (AC PDPs) with T-shaped ITO electrode was fabricated and characterized. The discharging results showed that the AC PDPs with the laser ablated T-shaped ITO electrode had a better discharging characteristics compared to the conventional sample with wet-etched stripe-type ITO electrode.  相似文献
7.
For cost effective fabrication and time of alternative current plasma display panels (AC PDPs), an indium tin oxide (ITO) layer was patterned directly with a Q-switched diode pumped Nd:YVO4 laser (λ = 1064 nm). As experimental results, 500 mm/s scan speed with 40 kHz repetition rate was suitable for the application to AC PDP ITO electrode. In comparison with the chemically wet-etched ITO patterns by photolithography method, laser-ablated ITO patterns showed the formation of shoulders at the edge of the ITO lines and a ripple-like structure of the etched bottom. By dipping the laser-ablated ITO films in the chemical etching solution for 30 s at 50 °C, the shoulders were effectively removed without affecting the discharging properties of AC PDP.  相似文献
8.
从草鱼鱼鳞中提取酶溶性胶原蛋白(PSC),通过SDS-PAGE电泳分析为典型Ⅰ型胶原蛋白且达到电泳纯.在此基础上利用傅里叶变换红外光谱(FTIR)、拉曼光谱(Raman)和圆二色谱(CD)研究了温度对鱼鳞胶原蛋白二级结构的影响.FTIR分析表明:鱼鳞胶原蛋白具有典型的胶原蛋白特征吸收带,酰胺Ⅰ、酰胺Ⅱ和酰胺Ⅲ带的特征吸收频率分别出现在1 658,1 552和1 238 cm-1处.随温度升高,酰胺A和酰胺B峰位向低波数移动,1 658 cm-1处吸收峰裂解成多个吸收峰;1 552 cm-1处的吸收峰在35℃微略红移,随后发生明显蓝移;1 238 cm-1处吸收峰随温度升高向低波数移动.在拉曼光谱中,胶原蛋白的酰胺Ⅰ、酰胺Ⅱ和酰胺Ⅲ带的特征吸收频率分别出现在1 669,1 557和1 245cm-1处,都较红外光谱的波数高;此外,921和855 cm-1处脯氮酸的特征谱峰在拉曼光谱中体现出来.圆二色谱分析表明,胶原蛋白溶液在221.6和204.4nm分别有一正、负峰,具有典型胶原蛋白三螺旋结构的特征圆二色谱峰型.胶原蛋白冻干品的FTIR光谱和Raman谱线大都在35~60 ℃时发生波数和强度改变,而胶原蛋白乙酸溶液的CD谱线在20~35 ℃之间发生剧烈改变.由此可以判断胶原蛋白在固态和溶液状态下,变性温度存在一定差异,胶原蛋白冻干品比其乙酸溶液更稳定.  相似文献
9.
本文对空间发展的湍流气固两相平面混合层流动进行了大涡模拟研究,其中气相亚网格尺度(SGS)使用结构函数模型,气相控制方程组采用SIMPLE方法求解,固体颗粒运动用拉格朗日方法计算。计算结果正确重现了流体涡结构的卷起、合并和破碎过程,以及小尺寸颗粒在涡边缘(低涡度区)的局部富集现象。对直径分别为42μm、72μm和135μm分别进行了模拟,并将统计结果和实验测量结果(Hishida et al[1])比较,表明两者的平均速度吻合很好,但颗粒数密度和脉动速度存在较明显的差异,因此有必要对亚网格应力和颗粒之间的耦合作用以及拟序结构的三维性对颗粒运动的影响开展深入研究。  相似文献
10.
刘涛  郭朝晖  李岫梅  李卫 《物理学报》2009,58(3):2030-2034
系统研究了Pt-Co合金磁性能与其微观组织结构间的关系.合金铸锭的X射线衍射结果表明:熔炼后的Pt-Co合金铸锭沿冷却方向存在明显的织构;扫描电镜照片显示合金的组织结构为柱状晶结构,柱状晶的生长方向平行于冷却方向;合金铸锭经塑性变形和再结晶处理后柱状晶组织消失,电镜照片显示处理后的合金晶粒尺寸变小且均匀;对不同组织结构的Pt-Co合金磁性能的测试结果表明,经塑性变形及再结晶处理后合金的磁性能有了明显提高,说明该合金中晶粒尺寸和取向是影响其矫顽力的重要因素.  相似文献
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