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利用密度泛函(wB97XD/6-31G(d))对硼掺杂富勒烯C59B和锌卟吩形成的超分子复合物C59B-ZnP及其阴离子C59B^--ZnP进行了研究. 结果表明硼掺杂富勒烯与锌卟吩间有强烈的相互作用,在C59B-ZnP复合物中,富勒烯上的B原子与锌卟吩的N原子间形成准化学键相互作用. 与硼掺杂富勒烯的相互作用导致锌卟吩的电子吸收发生显著红移.  相似文献
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用T-Jump/FTIR联用技术研究了模拟燃烧条件下AP的快速热裂解.在不同压力的高纯氮气条件下,以1 000 K·s-1的升温速率达到设定的温度(874和1 274 K)快速分解,用快速扫描傅里叶变换红外光谱原位实时分析分解产物的种类和浓度变化.结果表明,AP热裂解主要气相产物为NO2,N2O,NO,HCl和NOCl等,实验温度和压力都使AP快速热裂解气相产物N2O/NO2,NO/NO2和NO/NOCl的比值提高,因此认为AP不但存在凝聚相和非均相的气相/凝聚相反应,而且还有主要气相产物之间的"后续反应".  相似文献
3.
Using first-principles calculations,we systematically study the potential energy surfaces and dissociation processes of the hydrogen molecule on the Mg(0001) surface.It is found that during the dissociative adsorption process with the minimum energy barrier,the hydrogen molecule first orients perpendicularly,and then rotates tobecome parallel to the surface.It is also found that the orientation of the hydrogen molecule in the transition state is neither perpendicular nor parallel to the surface.Most importantly,we find that the rotation causes a reduction of the calculated dissociation energy barrier for the hydrogen molecule.The underlying electronic mechanism for the rotation of the hydrogen molecule is also discussed in the paper.  相似文献
4.
对纳米金属颗粒复合含能材料这一新兴体系的单脉冲激光作用的热动力学过程进行了理论分析. 推导了分散在介质中的纳米金属颗粒吸收脉冲激光能量的瞬时功率密度. 从热分解机理出发对纳米金属铝复合硝化纤维(Al/NC)薄膜吸收脉冲激光能量过程以及伴随着放热化学反应的热点热量传播过程进行了数值模拟,计算了不同质量分数的Al/NC薄膜样品分别在100ps,10ns,25ns脉冲激光作用下的化学反应直径. 计算结果与实验数据相比较,表明了热分解基本符合10ns,25ns脉冲激光引发含能材料反应的机理,但它并不符合100ps  相似文献
5.
The KLn dielectronic recombination processes of trapped highly charged B-like through He-like Cu ions are studied theoretically, and the theoretical results are used to analyse our previous experimental data at Heidelberg electron beam ion trap (EBIT). The theoretical resonant positions agree with the experimental resonant positions to a precision of 0.4%, in comparison with the resonant positions of those highest peaks between theory and experiment. The experimental spectra are then fitted using a formula with the theoretical resonant energies and strengths, the result shows good overall agreement between theory and experiment over a wide electron energy range. The distribution of highly charged states is obtained from the fitting parameters.  相似文献
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