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A tripartite entangled state of bright optical field is experimentally produced using an Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen entangled state for continuous variables and linear optics. The controlled dense coding among a sender, a receiver, and a controller is demonstrated by exploiting the tripartite entanglement. The obtained three-mode "position" correlation and relative "momentum" correlation between the sender and the receiver, and thus the improvements of the measured signal to noise ratios of amplitude and phase signals with respect to the shot noise limit are 3.28 and 3.18 dB, respectively. If the mean photon number n equals 11 the channel capacity can be controllably inverted between 2.91 and 3.14. When n is larger than 1.0 and 10.52, the channel capacity of the controlled dense coding is predicted to exceed the ideal single channel capacity of coherent and squeezed state light communication, respectively.  相似文献
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获得了硫脲在水和乙腈溶液中A吸收带的共振拉曼光谱,通过B3LYP/6-311++G(3df,3pd)和RCIS/6-311++G(3df,3pd)分别对硫脲的电子跃迁和21A 激发态鞍点结构进行了研究.对共振拉曼光谱进行了归属,并通过含时波包理论对吸收光谱和共振拉曼光谱进行拟合,结果表明硫脲动态结构特征主要沿着:C=S伸缩振动ν6(|△|=0.95)、H5N3H6+H8N4H7弯曲振动ν5(|△|=0.19)、NCN对称伸缩振动+C=S伸缩振动+N3H6+H8N4弯曲振动ν4(|△|=0.18).ν15倍频2ν15和4ν15强度主要归因于ν15激发态频率的改变而不是简正模位移量的变化.对S=CN2面外变形振动ν15倍频出现的机理进行了探究,结果表明Franck-Condon区域势能面鞍点是标准A项共振拉曼散射里的二次声子机制的驱动力,导致碳原子中心的锥形化,并使硫脲在21A激发态发生几何结构扭曲.  相似文献
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