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大白菜根肿病是白菜生长中的“癌症”,近年来在我国大面积发生,造成巨大经济损失。现有技术不能满足生产中对根肿病检测的需求,迫切需要一种快速、简便的大白菜根肿病定量化测评及检测技术。本研究利用傅里叶变换红外光谱(Fourier transform infrared spectrometer ,FTIR)结合荧光定量 PCR(Real-time PCR)技术,进行大白菜根肿病的定量测评技术研究。通过分析芸薹根肿菌、大白菜发病肿根和健康根的FTIR光谱,选择了1105,1145和1228 cm -1三个根肿菌检测的特异性谱带,利用这三个谱带的峰面积值,建立了芸薹根肿菌的FTIR定量测评模型 y=34.17+12.24x1-9.81x2-6.05x3,相关系数 r=0.98(p<0.05)。为了验证模型的有效性,田间随机选取10株大白菜根肿病样本,根据建立的大白菜根肿病FTIR光谱定量测评模型,计算大白菜根肿菌C t值,结果显示平均预测误差为1.60%。说明试验构建的线性模型测定效果良好,可以根据大白菜根部样本的红外光谱,判断芸薹根肿菌的含量。本研究为十字花科蔬菜根肿病的定量、快速检测提供新的手段,为田间根肿菌的预测预防奠定基础。  相似文献
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Sb doped SnO2 (ATO) nanoparticles with Sb doping concentrations ranging from 0% to 20% (Sb/Sb+Sn) have been prepared by chemical coprecipitation using metallic Sn and SbCl3 as raw materials. The influence of Sb doping concentration on crystal structure and electrical property was studied in detail. Results indicated that all ATO nanoparticles possessed the same tetragonal rutile structure as that of bulk SnO2. The average crystal size of the ATO nanoparticles decreased from 16 to 7 nm by increasing the Sb doping concentration. The unit-cell volume of ATO nanoparticles was either expanded or contracted, strongly depending on the Sb doping concentration. The electrical resistivity decreased sharply from 111 to minimum of 1.05 Ω cm when the Sb doping concentration was increased from 0% to 15% and then increased slightly to 1.42 Ω cm when the Sb doping concentration was increased from 15% to 20%. Finally, high resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurement was employed to investigate the valence state of Sb in samples with various Sb doping levels.  相似文献
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采用溶胶-凝胶方法制备了B掺杂ZnO(BZO)薄膜,系统研究了热解温度对薄膜的结晶行为和性能的影响. X射线衍射谱表明所有的BZO薄膜均具有六方纤锌矿结构,并沿c轴方向择优生长. 随着热解温度的升高,BZO薄膜的晶粒尺寸和RMS粗糙度增加. BZO薄膜的载流子浓度和载流子迁移率也随着热解温度的升高而增加,其可见光平均透过率均在90%以上.  相似文献
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