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BESⅢ主漂移室重建径迹的外推算法采用面向对象的设计方法, 利用GEANT4部分代码开发实现, 它提供主漂移室带电径迹外推到外部其他子探测器上的预期径迹信息. 该算法的外推过程考虑了带电径迹在磁场中的偏转以及与探测器物质相互作用造成的电离能损, 并为径迹参数计算考虑了库仑多次散射效应影响在内的参数误差矩阵. 经检查, 主漂移室径迹的外推结果和完全模拟结果一致, 并且径迹外推的结果能够成功用于各个子探测器测量径迹间的匹配, 这些工作为分析实验数据作了必要的准备, 能够满足BESⅢ实验的使用要求.  相似文献
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The transition energies and electric dipole (El) transition rates of the K, L, and M lines in neutral Np have been theoretically determined from the MultiConfiguration Dirac-Fock (MCDF) method. In the calculations, the contributions from Breit interaction and quantum electrodynamics (QED) effects (vacuum polarization and self-energy), as well as nu- clear finite mass and volume effects, are taken into account. The calculated transition energies and rates are found to be in good agreement with other experimental and theoretical results. The accuracy of the results is estimated and discussed. Furthermore, we calculated the transition energies of the same lines radiating from the decaying transitions of the K-, L-, and M-shell hole states of Np ions with the charge states Np1+ to Np6+ for the first time. We found that for a specific line, the corresponding transition energies relating to all the Np ions are almost the same; it means the outermost electrons have a very small influence on the inner-shell transition processes.  相似文献
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任志君  吴琼  周卫东  吴根柱  施逸乐 《物理学报》2012,61(17):174207-174207
利用波动方程,研究了脉冲贝塞尔光束在自由空间传输时的空间诱导群速度色散(SIGVD)效应. 结果表明,三阶SIGVD能使脉冲贝塞尔光束的时域逐渐演化为艾里分布. 由于艾里-贝塞尔光弹是一种新奇的时、空都不扩展的局域波包, 能在光与物质相互作用的很多应用领域发挥作用.因此,本文提出了 通过色散管理技术补偿二阶SIGVD,利用三阶SIGVD在自由空间产生艾里-贝塞尔光弹的方案. 为分析这种光弹的时空传输特性,数值模拟了它在色散介质中的传输情况. 结果表明,这种光弹能在色散介质中保持空域不衍射、时域不色散的稳定传输.  相似文献
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考虑了各种可能的自由基和多渡态裂解反应通道,采用分子体系第一性原理计算研究了二乙基铍与二叔丁基铍单分子热解机理.分别用B3LYP、CCSD(T)和G3B3研究了分子裂解反应的势能面,给出了各反应物、产物和过渡态的几何结构、振动频率和相对能量.结果显示从热力学角度,对于上述两个分子,其主要的热解均是通过协同消除的过渡态反应而进行的.分析了这两个分子热解势能面的差 异,并计算了相关反应通道的反应焓变和反应速率常数.  相似文献
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Inorganic nanohybrid polyimide (PI) is widely applied in electrical and electronic devices for its outstanding insulating properties. Samples IOOCR and IOONH are made in Dupont. Among them, IOONH is a kind of pure PI films; however, IOOCR is a kind of inorganic nanohybrid PI films with excellent corona-resistance. The nanostructure of PI films is investigated with small-angle x-ray scattering technique and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The normalized volume fractions of the scatterers in the specimens are obtained with a tangent-by-tangent data analysis for the small-angle x-ray scattering data. The multi-hierarchical scatterers of IOONH can be divided into two dominant components, i.e., the sharp component and the wide component. The sharp component is corresponding to the contribution of PI molecular chains, and the wide component includes the aggregates formed by PI molecular chains and the film has nested dual-fractal characteristics, nevertheless the IOOCR film possesses three types of scale scattering made up of inorganic nanoparticles, molecular chains and aggregates. The present films have multi-fractal structures. The distribution and structure of scattering body of two kinds of PI films are analyzed. The results of SAXS agree well with those of TEM methods.  相似文献
6.
A wavelength modulation absorption spectrometry (WMAS) with a frequency-quadruped system is demonstrated. The frequency-quadruped system consists of a two-frequency doubled external enhancement cavity with KNO3 and BBO crystals, and a current-modulated 906-nm single mode external cavity diode laser (ECDL), which generates the tunable wavelength modulated radiation at 226.7nm used to detect the NO absorption line that belongs to the combined Q22(10.5) and QR12(10.5) lines of γ(0,0) band within the A^2∑^+ -X^2II electronic transition system. The 1^st, 2^nd and 3^rd harmonic spectra are accomplished to show that it is possible to detect samples using the frequency quadruped system combined with the WMAS technique that can find practical applicability in the future.  相似文献
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以二茂铁、二甲苯为前驱体,石英为衬底,在850 oC的管式炉内采用化学气相沉积法制备出了定向碳纳米管阵列. 高分辨透射电子显微镜和拉曼光谱的结果表明:碳纳米管阵列具有良好的定向性和多壁管状结构,石墨化程度高,并且只在表面存在少量单壁碳纳米管.定向多壁碳纳米管阵列的生长模式为“底部”生长模式,即在生长的初期,当催化剂颗粒较小时,析出的碳原子生成了单壁碳纳米管或与其性质类似的多壁碳纳米管(一般层数小于5层);催化剂颗粒逐渐长大后,大量的碳原子析出后生成了普通的多壁碳纳米管,从而形成了单壁碳纳米管只存在于碳纳米管阵列膜表面和多层碳纳米管膜表面与界面的现象.  相似文献
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