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Sb doped SnO2 (ATO) nanoparticles with Sb doping concentrations ranging from 0% to 20% (Sb/Sb+Sn) have been prepared by chemical coprecipitation using metallic Sn and SbCl3 as raw materials. The influence of Sb doping concentration on crystal structure and electrical property was studied in detail. Results indicated that all ATO nanoparticles possessed the same tetragonal rutile structure as that of bulk SnO2. The average crystal size of the ATO nanoparticles decreased from 16 to 7 nm by increasing the Sb doping concentration. The unit-cell volume of ATO nanoparticles was either expanded or contracted, strongly depending on the Sb doping concentration. The electrical resistivity decreased sharply from 111 to minimum of 1.05 Ω cm when the Sb doping concentration was increased from 0% to 15% and then increased slightly to 1.42 Ω cm when the Sb doping concentration was increased from 15% to 20%. Finally, high resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurement was employed to investigate the valence state of Sb in samples with various Sb doping levels.  相似文献
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采用溶胶-凝胶方法制备了B掺杂ZnO(BZO)薄膜,系统研究了热解温度对薄膜的结晶行为和性能的影响. X射线衍射谱表明所有的BZO薄膜均具有六方纤锌矿结构,并沿c轴方向择优生长. 随着热解温度的升高,BZO薄膜的晶粒尺寸和RMS粗糙度增加. BZO薄膜的载流子浓度和载流子迁移率也随着热解温度的升高而增加,其可见光平均透过率均在90%以上.  相似文献
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