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1.
HDP-HSMM的磨削声发射砂轮钝化状态识别*   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
在高精度金属材料磨削加工中,刀具即砂轮的状态对加工效率和加工质量具有重要的影响。钝化程度较高的砂轮不适于加工精密工件,需提前预警并修整更换砂轮。该文提出一种通过磨削声发射信号来检测砂轮钝化状态的方法。首先,对于采集到的信号进行小波软阈值降噪。然后,将其分割成多个有重叠的帧,并提取每帧信号的8个特征组成声发射数据集。最后,通过分层Dirichlet过程-隐半马尔可夫模型来建立声发射数据集和不同的砂轮钝化状态之间的非线性关系,旨在识别砂轮钝化状态。结果表明,上述检测方法能有效识别砂轮的不同钝化状态并能对整个加工过程中的砂轮钝化程度进行自动划分,其在测试数据集上的准确率达到93.7%,可以为实际工业应用提供理论指导。  相似文献
2.
The propagation of longitudinal acoustic waves in weakly compressible elastic media permeated with air bubbles is investigated on the basis of the radial pulsation equation of a single bubble. The multiple scattering of waves in such media is rigorously described by using a self-consistent approach. Theoretical results show that there exists strong acoustic localization in a range of frequency slightly above the bubble resonance frequency, even for a very small volume fraction of bubbles. Further study reveals that the localization is in fact attributed to collection behaviour of bubbles, allowing for an efficient cancellation of propagating waves. This is essentially consistent with the known conclusions recently drawn for bubbly liquid by Kou et al. [2003 Appl. Phys. Left. 83 4247]  相似文献
3.
梁彬  朱哲民  程建春 《中国物理》2006,15(2):412-421
Based on the modification of the radial pulsation equation of an individual bubble, an effective medium method (EMM) is presented for studying propagation of linear and nonlinear longitudinal acoustic waves in viscoelastic medium permeated with air bubbles. A classical theory developed previously by Gaunaurd (Gaunaurd GC and UEberall H, J. Acoust, Soc, Am., 1978; 63: 1699-1711) is employed to verify the EMM under linear approximation by comparing the dynamic (i.e. frequency-dependent) effective parameters, and an excellent agreement is obtained. The propagation of longitudinal waves is hereby studied in detail, The results illustrate that the nonlinear pulsation of bubbles serves as the source of second harmonic wave and the sound energy has the tendency to be transferred to second harmonic wave, Therefore the sound attenuation and acoustic nonlinearity of the viscoelastic matrix are remarkably enhanced due to the system's resonance induced by the existence of bubbles.  相似文献
4.
顾仲明  梁彬  程建春 《中国物理 B》2013,22(1):14303-014303
We give an analytical analysis to the acoustic propagation in an acoustic diode (AD) model formed by coupling a superlattice (SL) with a nonlinear medium. Analytical solutions of the acoustic transmission are obtained by studying the propagations in the SL and the nonlinear medium separately with the conventional transfer-matrix method and a perturbation technique. Compared with the previous numerical method, the proposed approach contributes a better physical insight into the intrinsic mechanism of acoustic rectification and helps us to predict the performance of an AD within the effective rectifying bands in a simple way. This is potentially significant for the practical design and fabrication of AD devices.  相似文献
5.
梁彬  程建春 《物理》2012,41(8):536-541
作为第一个可实现电整流的器件,电子二极管的发明标志着现代电子学的诞生,并在全球范围内引发了各个领域内的革命,最终深刻地改变了我们的整个生活.声波作为一种重要的经典波,具有比电磁波更为悠久的研究历史及更为普遍的存在形式.因此,若能设计并实现一种可像电子二极管控制电流那样对声能量进行整流的声学器件,这将对声学的器件制造、实际应用乃至整个声学研究领域都产生重大影响,其学术意义及应用价值的重要性不言而喻.文章详细介绍了利用超晶格与非线性声学材料构成的声二极管的理论与实验方面的最新研究进展.  相似文献
6.
蔡琛  祝雪丰  陈谦  袁樱  梁彬  程建春 《中国物理 B》2011,20(11):116301-116301
Acoustic bands are studied numerically for a Lamb wave propagating in an anti-symmetric structure of a one-dimensional periodic plate by using the method of supercell plane-wave expansion. The results show that all the bands are pinned in pairs at the Brillouin zone boundary as long as the anti-symmetry remains and acoustic band gaps (ABGs) only appear between certain bands. In order to reveal the relationship between the band pinning and the anti-symmetry, the method of eigenmode analysis is introduced to calculate the displacement fields of different plate structures. Further, the method of harmony response analysis is employed to calculate the reference spectra to verify the accuracy of numerical calculations of acoustic band map, and both the locations and widths of ABGs in the acoustic band map are in good agreement with those of the reference spectra. The investigations show that the pinning effect is very sensitive to the anti-symmetry of periodic plates, and by introducing different types of breakages, more ABGs or narrow pass bands will appear, which is meaningful in band gap engineering.  相似文献
7.
梁彬  邹欣晔  程建春 《中国物理 B》2010,19(9):94301-094301
We study via numerical experiments the localisation property of an acoustic wave in a viscoelastic soft medium containing randomly-distributed air bubbles. The behaviours of the oscillation phases of bubbles are particularly investigated in various cases for distinguishing efficiently the acoustic localisation from the effects of acoustic absorption caused by the viscosity of medium. The numerical results reveal the phenomenon of ’phase transition’ characterized by an unusual collective oscillation of bubbles, which is an effective criterion to unambiguously identify the acoustic localisation in the presence of viscosity. Within the localisation region, the phenomenon of phase transition persists, and a remarkable decrease in the fluctuation of the oscillation phases of bubbles is observed. The localisation phenomenon will be impaired by the enhancement of the viscosity factors, and the extent to which the acoustic wave is localised may be determined by appropriately analyzing the values of the oscillation phases or the amount of reduction of the phase fluctuation. The results are particularly significant for the practical experiments in an attempt to observe the acoustic localisation in such a medium, which is in general subjected to the interference of the great ambiguity resulting from the effect of acoustic absorption.  相似文献
8.
梁彬  袁樱  程建春 《物理学报》2015,64(9):94305-094305
电子二极管的发明标志着现代电子学的诞生, 在整个人类社会中引起了科技的深刻变革. 声波是一种具有非常悠久的研究历史的经典波, 却始终被认为仅具有对称的传播形式. 若能制造出可像电子二极管控制电流般实现声波单向导通的声学器件, 显然将对整个声学研究领域产生重大影响, 具有重要的科学意义及应用价值. 第一个基于非线性媒质与声子晶体的声二极管利用非线性突破声学互易原理的局限, 首次实现了将声能流限制在单一方向上的声整流效应. 针对非线性系统转换效率低下的固有缺陷, 在线性体系内围绕声单向传播这个重要科学问题开展了一系列理论和实验研究, 设计与制备了多种具有特殊结构和性能的线性声学单向结构, 在器件的效率、带宽及尺寸方面产生了突破. 在声二极管研究的基础上, 第一个可以像电子三极管操控电流般对声流进行操控与放大的声三极管理论模型也被提出. 本文介绍了声单向传播这一新兴且富有蓬勃生机的研究领域中的主要进展.  相似文献
9.
梁彬  程建春 《中国物理快报》2007,24(6):1607-1610
Based on fuzzy logic (FL) and genetic algorithm (GA), we present an optimization method to obtain the optimal acoustic attenuation of a longitudinal acoustic wave propagating in a weakly compressible medium permeated with air bubbles. In the optimization, the parameters of the size distribution of bubbles in the medium are optimized for providing uniformly high acoustic attenuation in the frequency band of interest. Compared with other traditional optimization methods, the unique advantage of the present method is that it can locate the global optimum quickly and effectively in need of knowing the mathematical model precisely. As illustrated by a numerical simulation, the method is effective and essential in enhancing the acoustic attenuation of such a medium in an optimal manner. The bubbly medium with optimized structural parameters can effectively attenuate longitudinal waves at intermediate frequencies with an acoustic attenuation approximating a constant value of lO(dB/cm). Such bubbly media with optimal acoustic attenuations may be applied to design acoustic absorbent by controlling broader attenuation band and higher efficiency.  相似文献
10.
秦波  梁彬  朱哲民  程建春 《声学学报》2007,32(2):110-115
声波在含气泡弹性材料中传播时不仅使固相介质产生形变,而且会使气泡非线性振动,据此建立了含气泡弱可压缩弹性材料的等效媒质法。利用等效媒质的微单元与含气泡材料的微单元具有相同的应力和应变,求得了含气泡材料的等效Lame系数,并得到了含气泡材料的非线性波动方程。其线性化结果与Gaunaurd的经典理论相比较,有很好的一致性。本方法还可给出含气泡弱可压缩弹性材料的另一重要参数——非线性系数。  相似文献
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