首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   2篇
  国内免费   1篇
  完全免费   11篇
  物理学   14篇
  2018年   2篇
  2015年   1篇
  2013年   2篇
  2012年   2篇
  2011年   1篇
  2010年   1篇
  2009年   1篇
  2007年   2篇
  2006年   2篇
排序方式: 共有14条查询结果,搜索用时 46 毫秒
1.
梁彬  程建春 《中国物理快报》2007,24(6):1607-1610
Based on fuzzy logic (FL) and genetic algorithm (GA), we present an optimization method to obtain the optimal acoustic attenuation of a longitudinal acoustic wave propagating in a weakly compressible medium permeated with air bubbles. In the optimization, the parameters of the size distribution of bubbles in the medium are optimized for providing uniformly high acoustic attenuation in the frequency band of interest. Compared with other traditional optimization methods, the unique advantage of the present method is that it can locate the global optimum quickly and effectively in need of knowing the mathematical model precisely. As illustrated by a numerical simulation, the method is effective and essential in enhancing the acoustic attenuation of such a medium in an optimal manner. The bubbly medium with optimized structural parameters can effectively attenuate longitudinal waves at intermediate frequencies with an acoustic attenuation approximating a constant value of lO(dB/cm). Such bubbly media with optimal acoustic attenuations may be applied to design acoustic absorbent by controlling broader attenuation band and higher efficiency.  相似文献
2.
The propagation of longitudinal acoustic waves in weakly compressible elastic media permeated with air bubbles is investigated on the basis of the radial pulsation equation of a single bubble. The multiple scattering of waves in such media is rigorously described by using a self-consistent approach. Theoretical results show that there exists strong acoustic localization in a range of frequency slightly above the bubble resonance frequency, even for a very small volume fraction of bubbles. Further study reveals that the localization is in fact attributed to collection behaviour of bubbles, allowing for an efficient cancellation of propagating waves. This is essentially consistent with the known conclusions recently drawn for bubbly liquid by Kou et al. [2003 Appl. Phys. Left. 83 4247]  相似文献
3.
秦波  梁彬  朱哲民  程建春 《声学学报》2007,32(2):110-115
声波在含气泡弹性材料中传播时不仅使固相介质产生形变,而且会使气泡非线性振动,据此建立了含气泡弱可压缩弹性材料的等效媒质法。利用等效媒质的微单元与含气泡材料的微单元具有相同的应力和应变,求得了含气泡材料的等效Lame系数,并得到了含气泡材料的非线性波动方程。其线性化结果与Gaunaurd的经典理论相比较,有很好的一致性。本方法还可给出含气泡弱可压缩弹性材料的另一重要参数——非线性系数。  相似文献
4.
梁彬  朱哲民  程建春 《中国物理》2006,15(2):412-421
Based on the modification of the radial pulsation equation of an individual bubble, an effective medium method (EMM) is presented for studying propagation of linear and nonlinear longitudinal acoustic waves in viscoelastic medium permeated with air bubbles. A classical theory developed previously by Gaunaurd (Gaunaurd GC and UEberall H, J. Acoust, Soc, Am., 1978; 63: 1699-1711) is employed to verify the EMM under linear approximation by comparing the dynamic (i.e. frequency-dependent) effective parameters, and an excellent agreement is obtained. The propagation of longitudinal waves is hereby studied in detail, The results illustrate that the nonlinear pulsation of bubbles serves as the source of second harmonic wave and the sound energy has the tendency to be transferred to second harmonic wave, Therefore the sound attenuation and acoustic nonlinearity of the viscoelastic matrix are remarkably enhanced due to the system's resonance induced by the existence of bubbles.  相似文献
5.
顾仲明  梁彬  程建春 《中国物理 B》2013,22(1):14303-014303
We give an analytical analysis to the acoustic propagation in an acoustic diode (AD) model formed by coupling a superlattice (SL) with a nonlinear medium. Analytical solutions of the acoustic transmission are obtained by studying the propagations in the SL and the nonlinear medium separately with the conventional transfer-matrix method and a perturbation technique. Compared with the previous numerical method, the proposed approach contributes a better physical insight into the intrinsic mechanism of acoustic rectification and helps us to predict the performance of an AD within the effective rectifying bands in a simple way. This is potentially significant for the practical design and fabrication of AD devices.  相似文献
6.
梁彬  程建春 《物理》2012,41(8):536-541
作为第一个可实现电整流的器件,电子二极管的发明标志着现代电子学的诞生,并在全球范围内引发了各个领域内的革命,最终深刻地改变了我们的整个生活.声波作为一种重要的经典波,具有比电磁波更为悠久的研究历史及更为普遍的存在形式.因此,若能设计并实现一种可像电子二极管控制电流那样对声能量进行整流的声学器件,这将对声学的器件制造、实际应用乃至整个声学研究领域都产生重大影响,其学术意义及应用价值的重要性不言而喻.文章详细介绍了利用超晶格与非线性声学材料构成的声二极管的理论与实验方面的最新研究进展.  相似文献
7.
蔡琛  祝雪丰  陈谦  袁樱  梁彬  程建春 《中国物理 B》2011,20(11):116301-116301
Acoustic bands are studied numerically for a Lamb wave propagating in an anti-symmetric structure of a one-dimensional periodic plate by using the method of supercell plane-wave expansion. The results show that all the bands are pinned in pairs at the Brillouin zone boundary as long as the anti-symmetry remains and acoustic band gaps (ABGs) only appear between certain bands. In order to reveal the relationship between the band pinning and the anti-symmetry, the method of eigenmode analysis is introduced to calculate the displacement fields of different plate structures. Further, the method of harmony response analysis is employed to calculate the reference spectra to verify the accuracy of numerical calculations of acoustic band map, and both the locations and widths of ABGs in the acoustic band map are in good agreement with those of the reference spectra. The investigations show that the pinning effect is very sensitive to the anti-symmetry of periodic plates, and by introducing different types of breakages, more ABGs or narrow pass bands will appear, which is meaningful in band gap engineering.  相似文献
8.
梁彬  邹欣晔  程建春 《中国物理 B》2010,19(9):94301-094301
We study via numerical experiments the localisation property of an acoustic wave in a viscoelastic soft medium containing randomly-distributed air bubbles. The behaviours of the oscillation phases of bubbles are particularly investigated in various cases for distinguishing efficiently the acoustic localisation from the effects of acoustic absorption caused by the viscosity of medium. The numerical results reveal the phenomenon of ’phase transition’ characterized by an unusual collective oscillation of bubbles, which is an effective criterion to unambiguously identify the acoustic localisation in the presence of viscosity. Within the localisation region, the phenomenon of phase transition persists, and a remarkable decrease in the fluctuation of the oscillation phases of bubbles is observed. The localisation phenomenon will be impaired by the enhancement of the viscosity factors, and the extent to which the acoustic wave is localised may be determined by appropriately analyzing the values of the oscillation phases or the amount of reduction of the phase fluctuation. The results are particularly significant for the practical experiments in an attempt to observe the acoustic localisation in such a medium, which is in general subjected to the interference of the great ambiguity resulting from the effect of acoustic absorption.  相似文献
9.
Propagation of an acoustic wave in a soft medium permeated with air bubbles is theoretically investigated by using a self-consistent approach. The soft medium is assumed to be viscoelastic to estimate the effect of acoustic absorption on the acoustic localization in such a medium. The oscillation phases of bubbles are examined by employing a phase diagram method. A collective oscillation of the bubbles is observed once the acoustic localization occurs, which is known as a phenomenon of 'phase transition ', and such a phenomenon persists as we manually increase the viscosity factor of the soft medium. Therefore it is proven that the phenomenon of phase transition may serve as a unique criterion to effectively identify acoustic localization in a bubbly soft medium even in the presence of viscosity, and the directions of the phase vectors help to determine the extent of localization. This is of practical significance for experimental research studying the acoustic localization in such a medium, for which the presence of viscosity generally causes great ambiguity in distinguishing the effects of localization and acoustic absorption.  相似文献
10.
邹欣晔  袁樱  梁彬  程建春 《应用声学》2013,32(3):169-181
受到电子二极管整流效应的启发,对单向声传播结构展开了一系列的理论与实验研究:将超晶格结构与非线性声学材料组合构成了可实现声整流效应的声二极管结构;通过将反对称弹性结构引入到复合结构板来产生Lamb波的不对称模式转化,设计了可实现Lamb波单向传播的线性声学结构;基于声子晶体的部分禁带特性,在有限尺度声学系统中设计并实现了单向声学波导结构;设计并实现了由纯板与声栅构成的声单向传播结构,具有小尺寸与高效率的特点,且声波出射角度可调;基于声学梯度材料设计了可在极宽频带内实现不对称声传播的声学结构。  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号