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1.
La0.1Bi0.9-xEuxFeO3化合物的结构与性能研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
利用固相反应烧结技术制备La0.1Bi0.9-xEuxFeO3系列化合物.利用X射线粉末衍射进行物相鉴定和结构分析,确定了材料的相关系:x≤0.05,材料为R3c结构相;0.08≤x≤0.12,材料为赝R3c结构相;x≥0.15是Pbnm相,其中0.15≤x≤0.20区域Pbnm相存在畸变.磁测量结果表明,材料具有弱铁磁性,对于x≤0.20材料,磁矩在x=0.12成分存在极值.利用阻抗分析仪测量了室温介电常数随成分的变化关系.讨论了材料的结构与弱铁磁性和室温介电常数间的关系.  相似文献
2.
Phase separation in Sr doped BiMnO3 (Bil_xSrxMnO3, x = 0.4-0.6) was studied by means of temperature-dependent high-resolution neutron powder diffraction (NPD), high resolution X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and physical property measurements. All the experiments indicate that a phase separation occurs at the temperature coinciding with the reported charge ordering temperature (Tco) in the literature. Below the reported TCO, both the phases resulting from the phase separation crystallize in the orthorhombically distorted perovskite structure with space group Imma. At lower temperature, these two phases order in the CE-type antiferromagnetic structure and the A-type antiferromagnetic structure, respectively. However, a scrutiny of the high-resolution NPD and XRD data at different temperatures and the electron diffraction exper- iment at 300 K did not manifest any evidence of a long-range charge ordering (CO) in our investigated samples, suggesting that the anomalies of physical properties such as magnetization, electric transport, and lattice parameters at the TCO might be caused by the phase separation rather than by a CO transition.  相似文献
3.
The R/Ba-ordered and R-site mixed compound Y0.5La0.5BaMn2O6 is synthesized, in which (Y, La) and Ba are regularly arranged, while Y and La randomly occupy the R-site. Y0.5La0.5BaMn2O6 has a tetragonal unit cell with a space group of P4/mmm. A structural transition between tetragonal and orthorhombic is observed at about 325 K by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). Thermal magnetic measurement shows the occurrence of an antiferromagnetic transition at the temperature TN~190 K. Anomalies in magnetization, resistivity and lattice parameters observed around 340 K indicate a charge/orbital order transition accompanying the structural phase transition. The R-site randomness effect is discussed to interpret the different properties of Y0.5La0.5BaMn2O6 between NdBaMn2O6 and SmBaMn2O6.  相似文献
4.
New oxometallides with the formula Ba5Y8 xMn4O21 1.5x(x = 0,1) are prepared through an atmospherecontrolled solid-state reaction.Two single-phase samples with Ba/Y/Mn atomic ratios 5/8/4(Y8) and 5/7/4(Y7) are obtained.The crystal structures and the physical properties of the compounds are investigated by X-ray powder diffraction,magnetization,conductivity,and dielectricity measurements.The Ba5Y8 xMn4O21 1.5x compound is demonstrated to be a Y-deficient solid solution.The solid solution compound Ba5Y8 xMn4O21 1.5x crystallizes into tetragonal symmetry with the space group I4/m.Detailed structure analysis by Rietveld refinement of the X-ray powder diffraction data reveals that the Y vacancies occur preferentially at the Y(2) site.Thermal magnetization measurements indicate the presence of antiferromagnetic interaction between Mn ions in the compounds,and temperature-dependent resistivity measurements show that insulator-semiconductor transitions occur around 175 K and 170 K for the Y8 and Y7 samples,respectively.Strong frequency dependences of the dielectric constant are observed above ~175 K for the two compounds.  相似文献
5.
张贺  骆军  朱航天  刘泉林  梁敬魁  李静波  刘广耀 《中国物理 B》2012,21(10):106101-106101
Polycrystalline p-type Ag 0.9 Sb 1.1 x Mn x Te 2.05(x = 0.05,0.10,and 0.20) compounds have been prepared by a combined process of melt-quenching and spark plasma sintering.The sample composition of Ag 0.9 Sb 1.1 x Mn x Te 2.05 has been specially designed in order to achieve the doping effect by replacing part of Sb with Mn and to present the uniformly dispersed Ag 2 Te phase in the matrix by adding insufficient Te,which is beneficial for optimizing the electrical transport properties and enhancing the phonon scattering effect.All the samples have the NaCl-type structure according to our X-ray powder diffraction analysis.After the treatment of spark plasma sintering,only the sample with x = 0.20 has a small amount of MnTe 2 impurities.The thermal analysis indicates that a tiny amount of Ag 2 Te phase exists in all these samples.The presence of the MnTe 2 impurity with high resistance and high thermal conductivity leads to the deteriorative thermoelectric performance of the sample with x = 0.20 due to the decreased electrical transport properties and the increased thermal conductivity.In contrast,the sample with x = 0.10 exhibits enhanced thermoeletric properties due to the Mn-doping effect.A dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit of 1.2 is attained for the sample with x = 0.10 at 573 K,showing promising thermoelectric properties in the medium temperature range.  相似文献
6.
New oxometallides with the formula Ba5Y8-xMn4021-1.5x (x = 0, 1) are prepared through an atmosphere-controlled solid-state reaction. Two single-phase samples with Ba/Y/Mn atomic ratios 5/8/4 (Y8) and 5/7/4 (Y7) are obtained. The crystal structures and the physical properties of the compounds are investigated by X-ray powder diffraction, magnetization, conductivity, and dielectricity measurements. The Ba5Y8-xMn4021-1.5x compound is demonstrated to be a Y-deficient solid solution. The solid solution compound Ba5Y8-xMn4021-1.5x crystallizes into tetragonal symmetry with the space group I4/m. Detailed structure analysis by Rietveld refinement of the X-ray powder diffraction data reveals that the Y vacancies occur preferentially at the Y(2) site. Thermal magnetization measurements indicate the presence of antiferromagnetic interaction between Mn ions in the compounds, and temperature-dependent resistivity measurements show that insulator-semiconductor transitions occur around 175 K and 170 K for the Y8 and Y7 samples, respectively. Strong frequency dependences of the dielectric constant are observed above -175 K for the two compounds.  相似文献
7.
New oxometallides with the formula Ba5Y8 xMn4O21 1.5x(x = 0,1) are prepared through an atmospherecontrolled solid-state reaction.Two single-phase samples with Ba/Y/Mn atomic ratios 5/8/4(Y8) and 5/7/4(Y7) are obtained.The crystal structures and the physical properties of the compounds are investigated by X-ray powder diffraction,magnetization,conductivity,and dielectricity measurements.The Ba5Y8 xMn4O21 1.5x compound is demonstrated to be a Y-deficient solid solution.The solid solution compound Ba5Y8 xMn4O21 1.5x crystallizes into tetragonal symmetry with the space group I4/m.Detailed structure analysis by Rietveld refinement of the X-ray powder diffraction data reveals that the Y vacancies occur preferentially at the Y(2) site.Thermal magnetization measurements indicate the presence of antiferromagnetic interaction between Mn ions in the compounds,and temperature-dependent resistivity measurements show that insulator-semiconductor transitions occur around 175 K and 170 K for the Y8 and Y7 samples,respectively.Strong frequency dependences of the dielectric constant are observed above ~175 K for the two compounds.  相似文献
8.
Polycrystalline p-type Ag 0.9 Sb 1.1 x Mn x Te 2.05(x = 0.05,0.10,and 0.20) compounds have been prepared by a combined process of melt-quenching and spark plasma sintering.The sample composition of Ag 0.9 Sb 1.1 x Mn x Te 2.05 has been specially designed in order to achieve the doping effect by replacing part of Sb with Mn and to present the uniformly dispersed Ag 2 Te phase in the matrix by adding insufficient Te,which is beneficial for optimizing the electrical transport properties and enhancing the phonon scattering effect.All the samples have the NaCl-type structure according to our X-ray powder diffraction analysis.After the treatment of spark plasma sintering,only the sample with x = 0.20 has a small amount of MnTe 2 impurities.The thermal analysis indicates that a tiny amount of Ag 2 Te phase exists in all these samples.The presence of the MnTe 2 impurity with high resistance and high thermal conductivity leads to the deteriorative thermoelectric performance of the sample with x = 0.20 due to the decreased electrical transport properties and the increased thermal conductivity.In contrast,the sample with x = 0.10 exhibits enhanced thermoeletric properties due to the Mn-doping effect.A dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit of 1.2 is attained for the sample with x = 0.10 at 573 K,showing promising thermoelectric properties in the medium temperature range.  相似文献
9.
The subsolidus phase relations of a ZnO-V 2 O 5-K 2 O system are investigated by X-ray powder diffraction.There is 1 ternary compound,11 binary compounds and 14 three-phase regions in this system.The phase diagrams of V 2 O 5 K 2 O with the K 2 O content ranging from 0 to 71 mol% and pseudo-binary system of ZnO-K 2 ZnV 2 O 7 are also studied by X-ray powder diffraction and differential thermal analysis methods.  相似文献
10.
The crystallographic and the magnetic structures of the composite compound Nd2Co7 at 300 K are investigated by a combined refinement of X-ray diffraction data and high-resolution neutron diffraction data. The compound crystallizes into a hexagonal Ce2Ni7-type structure and consists of alternately stacking MgZn2-type NdCo2 and CaCu5-type NdCo5 structural blocks along the c axis. A magnetic structure model with the moments of all atoms aligning along the c axis provides a satisfactory fitting to the neutron diffraction data and coincides with the easy magnetization direction revealed by the X-ray diffraction experiments on magnetically pre-aligned fine particles. The refinement results show that the derived atomic moments of the Co atoms vary in a range of 0.7 μB-1.1 μB and the atomic moment of Nd in the NdCo5 slab is close to the theoretical moment of a free trivalent Nd3+ ion, whereas the atomic moment of Nd in the NdCo2 slab is much smaller than the theoretical value for a free Nd3+ ion. The remarkable difference in the atomic moment of Nd atoms between different structural slabs at room temperature is explained in terms of the magnetic characteristics of the NdCo2 and NdCo5 compounds and the local chemical environments of the Nd atoms in different structural slabs of the Nd2Co7 compound.  相似文献
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