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1.
A new linear accelerator system, called the SSC-Linac injector, is being designed at HIRFL (the heavy ion research facility of Lanzhou). As part of the SSC-Linac, the medium energy beam transport (MEBT) consists of seven magnetic quadrupoles, a re-buncher and a diagnose box. The total length of this segment is about 1.75 m. The beam dynamics simulation in MEBT has been studied using the TRACK 3D particle-in-cell code, and the simulation result shows that the beam accelerated from the radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) matches well with the acceptance of the following drift tube linac (DTL) in both the transverse and longitudinal phase spaces, and that most of the particles can be captured by the final sector focusing cyclotron for further acceleration. The longitudinal emittance of the RFQ and the longitudinal acceptance of the DTL was calculated in detail, and a multi-particle beam dynamics simulation from the ion source to the end of the DTL was done to verify the original design.  相似文献
2.
芦荟以其丰富的多糖、蛋白质、氨基酸、维生素、活性酶及对人体有益的微量元素被广泛用于各个领域。然而其主要活性成分芦荟苷同时也是一种致敏成分,更有甚者可能会引起严重的过敏反应。将红外、拉曼光谱应用于芦荟苷结构的表征,并将密度泛函数理论应用到理论计算中,利用B3LYP/6-31G(d)基组分析振动,可以更好地理解芦荟苷分子的振动频率。通过比较溶液的酸碱性以及最佳溶剂,最终选定在中性条件下,水作为溶剂为最佳实验条件,测定芦荟苷的检测限可以达到5ppm的水平,为芦荟苷含量的快速检测奠定了理论基础。  相似文献
3.
A particle-in-cell simulation is developed to study dc plasma immersion ion implantation. Particular attention is paid to the influence of the voltage applied to the target on the ion path, and the ion flux distribution on the target surface. It is found that the potential near the aperture within the plasma region is not the plasma potential, and is impacted by the voltage applied to the implanted target. A curved equipotential contour expands into the plasma region through the aperture and the extent of the expansion depends on the voltage. Ions accelerated by the electric field in the sheath form a beam shape and a flux distribution on the target surface, which are strongly dependent on the applied voltage. The results of the simulations demonstrate the formation mechanism of the grid-shadow effect, which is in agreement with the result observed experimentally.  相似文献
4.
刘芳  王涛  沈波  黄森  林芳  马楠  许福军  王鹏  姚建铨 《中国物理 B》2009,18(4):1618-1621
Recently GaN-based high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) have revealed the superior properties of a high breakdown field and high electron saturation velocity. Reduction of the gate leakage current is one of the key issues to be solved for their further improvement. This paper reports that an Al layer as thin as 3 nm was inserted between the conventional Ni/Au Schottky contact and n-GaN epilayers, and the Schottky behaviour of Al/Ni/Au contact was investigated under various annealing conditions by current-voltage (I-V ) measurements. A non-linear fitting method was used to extract the contact parameters from the I-V characteristic curves. Experimental results indicate that reduction of the gate leakage current by as much as four orders of magnitude was successfully recorded by thermal annealing. And high quality Schottky contact with a barrier height of 0.875 eV and the lowest reverse-bias leakage current, respectively, can be obtained under 12 min annealing at 450 C in N2 ambience.  相似文献
5.
刘芳  王涛  沈波  黄森  林芳  马楠  许福军  王鹏  姚建铨 《中国物理 B》2009,18(4):1614-1617
This paper investigates the behaviour of the reverse-bias leakage current of the Schottky diode with a thin Al inserting layer inserted between Al0.245Ga0.755 N/GaN heterostructure and Ni/Au Schottky contact in the temperature range of 25-350°C. It compares with the Schottky diode without Aluminium inserting layer. The experimental results show that in the Schottky diode with Al layer the minimum point of I-V curve drifts to the minus voltage, and with the increase of temperature increasing, the minimum point of I-V curve returns the 0 point. The temperature dependence of gate-leakage currents in the novelty diode and the traditional diode are studied. The results show that the Al inserting layer introduces interface states between metal and Al0.245Ga0.755N. Aluminium reacted with oxygen formed Al2O3 insulator layer which suppresses the trap tunnelling current and the trend of thermionic field emission current. The reliability of the diode at the high temperature is improved by inserting a thin Al layer.  相似文献
6.
ZnO单晶材料以其优良的综合性能在光电子器件方面掀起了研究热潮,因此对ZnO单晶的研究具有重要的理论和实践意义.采用激光辐照的方式,对ZnO单晶进行了光致发光(photoluminescence,PL)光谱实验,分析研究了ZnO单晶在不同温度(低温)和不同激光能量强度照射下其光致发光特性.研究结果表明,ZnO单晶内存在少量杂质及表面氧缺陷,这些结构对其发光特性有一定的影响;在低温条件下,ZnO单晶具有良好的发光特性,且随着温度的提高,发光光谱峰的位置会向长波长方向移动,但强度会减小;当激光光源的强度增大,ZnO单晶的PL发射光谱的强度也会随之增大,且峰的位置和相对强度不变.结合拉曼(Raman)光谱实验,从分子及原子振动、转动类型验证了纤锌矿ZnO单晶的六方晶系结构;配合X射线衍射(X-ray diffraction,XRD)技术,得出ZnO单晶良好的结晶特性以及晶轴取向.  相似文献
7.
胡杨叶片水分含量是评价胡杨健康状况的重要指标.光谱检测法是一种常用的手段,但在近红外光谱的测量过程中,在一定程度上必然受到仪器噪声、摆放形态差异和环境的干扰,为避免噪声、散射对近红外光谱的影响,减少数据维数,采用多元散射校正(MSC)算法对原始光谱数据进行预处理,去除散射和基线漂移的影响,增加了光谱数据的信噪比,使有效光谱信息较为明显,谱带特征得到加强,有利于特征波长的选择.为降低模型的复杂度,防止过拟合现象,减小共线性影响,利用连续投影算法(SPA)进行特征变量选择,并通过多元线性回归模型,分析各个波长模拟的残差平方,评价各个波长的贡献,剔除贡献较小的波长,最终获得用于建模的特征波长,改善建模条件.最后使用偏最小二乘回归算法建立胡杨叶片水分含量检测模型.实验表明,直接使用原始光谱,利用SPA算法筛选变量个数为6个,模型预测精度为90.144%,相关系数r=0.67424,RMSE=0.021434,MSC处理后,利用SPA算法选定最终变量数为5个,预测精度为97.734%,相关系数r=0.78163,RMSE=0.016776.MSC和SPA算法有效的消除了散射噪声、减小了共线性干扰,模型的预测精度和相关性增加,误差减小,可用于胡杨叶片水分的快速无损检测,而且对其他作物叶片水分检测也具有一定的借鉴意义.  相似文献
8.
核磁共振系统是实现量子计算的有效物理体系之一。但是随着量子位数的不断增加,运用核磁共振技术实现计算任务存在明显的局限性,原因之一是量子计算的初始态—赝纯态,随着量子位数的增加,信号指数性的衰减,量子位数越多制备赝纯态所需的脉冲序列越复杂,越不容易实现,不利于量子位数的扩展;另外,由于核磁共振中制备的赝纯态实际上也是一种混合态,用于实现量子信息任务时存在一定的争议。该文介绍的利用仲氢诱导极化技术(PHIP)制备出的实验初态,能够解决初态处于混合态的问题,并且信号强度显著增强,作者利用此态实现了ALTADENA条件下的两量子位的Deutsch-Jozsa量子算法和PASADENA条件下的三量子位的Deutsch-Like量子算法。  相似文献
9.
王玥  梁言生  严绍辉  曹志良  蔡亚楠  张艳  姚保利  雷铭 《物理学报》2018,67(13):138701-138701
传统的光镊技术使用单个物镜同时进行光学捕获与显微成像,使得捕获与成像区域被限制在物镜焦平面附近,无法同时观察到沿光轴方向(即Z向)捕获的多个微粒.本文提出一种轴平面(XZ平面)Gerchberg-Saxton迭代算法来产生沿轴向分布的多光阱阵列,将轴平面成像技术与光镊结合,实现了沿轴向对二氧化硅微球的多光阱同时捕获与实时观测.通过视频分析法测量了多个二氧化硅微球在轴向光镊阵列中的布朗运动,并标定了光阱刚度.本文提出的轴向多光阱微粒捕获与实时观测技术为光学微操纵提供了一个新的观测视角和操纵方法,为生物医学、物理学等相关领域研究提供了一种新的技术手段.  相似文献
10.
The loss rate of cold atoms in a trap due to residual gas collisions differs from that in a free state after the cold atoms are released from the trap. In this paper, the loss rate in a cold rubidium-87 atom cloud was measured in a magneto-optical trap(MOT) and during its free flight. The residual gas pressure was analyzed by a residual gas analyzer, and the pressure distribution in a vacuum chamber was numerically calculated by the angular coefficient method. The decay factor, which describes the decay behavior of cold atoms due to residual gas collisions during a free flight, was calculated. It was found that the decay factor agrees well with theoretical predictions under various vacuum conditions.  相似文献
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