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王占雨  周艳丽  王雪青  王飞  孙强  郭正晓  贾瑜 《中国物理 B》2015,24(2):26501-026501
The temperature dependence of lattice constants is studied by using first-principles calculations to determine the effects of in-plane stiffness and charge transfer on the thermal expansions of monolayer semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides.Unlike the corresponding bulk material,our simulations show that monolayer MX2(M = Mo and W;X = S,Se,and Te) exhibits a negative thermal expansion at low temperatures,induced by the bending modes.The transition from contraction to expansion at higher temperatures is observed.Interestingly,the thermal expansion can be tailored regularly by alteration of the M or X atom.Detailed analysis shows that the positive thermal expansion coefficient is determined mainly by the in-plane stiffness,which can be expressed by a simple relationship.Essentially the regularity of this change can be attributed to the difference in charge transfer between the different elements.These findings should be applicable to other two-dimensional systems.  相似文献
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从实验和理论上研究了滚摆的运动,得到了滚摆滚动最大高度和滚动时间随滚动次数的变化关系。揭示了空气阻力及摆线间摩擦力等因素对滚摆运动的影响及其引起的系统机械能损失。  相似文献
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利用Monte Carlo 方法模拟了重力场中理想气体的密度分布,直观展现了重力场中气体分子位置的改变和分布特点,讨论了分子质量和系统温度对气体密度分布曲线以及重力势能零点处密度n0的影响.模拟结果与玻耳兹曼分布律完全吻合.另外,模拟结果表明玻耳兹曼分布律不仅对纯的理想气体成立,而且对混合理想气体中各成分气体也成立.  相似文献
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We propose two schemes for the generation of cluster states in the context of cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED). In the first scheme, we prepare multi-cavity cluster states with information encoded in the coherent states. The second scheme is to generate multi-atom cluster states, where qubits axe represented by the states of cascade Rydberg atoms. Both the schemes axe based on the atom-cavity interaction and the atomic spontaneous radiation can be efficiently reduced since the cavity frequency is largely detuned from the atomic transition frequency.  相似文献
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周艳丽  戴宏毅  杨丽佳 《中国物理》2007,16(12):3692-3696
Based on the atom-cavity-field interaction, this paper proposes a scheme for the teleportation of a bipartite entangled coherent state (ECS) with high fidelity as long as │α│ is not too small. In this proposal, only four cavities and a three-level cascade atom are needed. The fidelity of the ECS is calculated and analysed in detail.  相似文献
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We propose a method to prepare multipartite entangled states such as cluster states and graph states based on the cavity input-output process and single photon measurement. Two quantum gates, a controlled phase gate and a fusion gate between two atoms trapped in respective cavities, are proposed to prepare atomic cluster states and graph states with one and two dimensions. We also introduce a scheme that can generate an arbitrary multipartite photon duster state which uses two coherent states as a qubit basis.  相似文献
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We propose a feasible scheme to achieve universal quantum gate operations in decoherence-free subspace with superconducting charge qubits placed in a microwave cavity. Single-logic-qubit gates can be realized with cavity assisted interaction, which possesses the advantages of unconventional geometric gate operation. The two-logic- qubit controlled-phase gate between subsystems can be constructed with the help of a variable electrostatic transformer. The collective decoherence can be successfully avoided in our well-designed system. Moreover, GHZ state for logical qubits can also be easily produced in this system.  相似文献
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