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We investigate the re-exciting process of a soliton, a polaron and a bipolaron in conjugated polymers. For a soliton case, the processes S^0 + hv→ S^± P↓± and S^± + hv→S^0 +P± will take place, where S^0 ,S^± and p^± express a neutral soliton, charged solitons and charged polarons, respectively. For a polaron case, the processes P^± + hv→ p^↓± + Bp^±2 will occur, where BP^±2 expresses a charged bipolaron with two electronic units. For a bipolaron case, the processes BP^±2 + hv→ P^± + P^± and BP^±2 + hv→ BP^+2 + E0 are obtained.  相似文献
2.
Employing the recoil ion momentum spectroscopy we investigate the collision between He^2+ and argon atoms. By measuring the recoil longitudinal momentum the energy losses of projectile are deduced for capture reaction channels. It is found that in most cases for single- and double-electron capture, the inner electron in the target atom is removed, the recoil ion is in singly or multiply excited states (hollow ion is formed), which indicates that electron correlation plays an important role in the process. The captured electrons prefer the ground states of the projectile. It is experimentally demonstrated that the average energy losses are directly related to charge transfer and electronic configuration  相似文献
3.
Polaron tunnelling is studied in xPA/nPPP/xPA (PA for polyacetylene and PPP poly (p-phenylene)) triblock copolymer, which has a well-barrier-well structure. An extended tight-binding Hamiltonian including external electric field is adopted. Without electric field, the injected electrons would not extend over the whole copolymer chain but instead be confined in the segments of PA. This is different from the behaviour of the traditional semiconductors. It is found that the polaron can transfer to the potential barrier-PPP segment when the applied electric field reaches a certain value. The critical polaron tunnelling electric fields depend upon the lengths of PPP segments.  相似文献
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