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1.
The concepts of boundary relations and the corresponding Weyl families are introduced. Let be a closed symmetric linear operator or, more generally, a closed symmetric relation in a Hilbert space , let be an auxiliary Hilbert space, let

and let be defined analogously. A unitary relation from the Krein space to the Krein space is called a boundary relation for the adjoint if . The corresponding Weyl family is defined as the family of images of the defect subspaces , , under . Here need not be surjective and is even allowed to be multi-valued. While this leads to fruitful connections between certain classes of holomorphic families of linear relations on the complex Hilbert space and the class of unitary relations , it also generalizes the notion of so-called boundary value space and essentially extends the applicability of abstract boundary mappings in the connection of boundary value problems. Moreover, these new notions yield, for instance, the following realization theorem: every -valued maximal dissipative (for ) holomorphic family of linear relations is the Weyl family of a boundary relation, which is unique up to unitary equivalence if certain minimality conditions are satisfied. Further connections between analytic and spectral theoretical properties of Weyl families and geometric properties of boundary relations are investigated, and some applications are given.

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2.
A new model for generalized Nevanlinna functions will be presented. It involves Bezoutians and companion operators associated with certain polynomials determined by the generalized zeros and poles of . The model is obtained by coupling two operator models and expressed by means of abstract boundary mappings and the corresponding Weyl functions.

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3.
The number of negative squares of all self-adjoint extensions of a simple symmetric operator of defect one with finitely many negative squares in a Krein space is characterized in terms of the behaviour of an abstract Titchmarsh-Weyl function near 0 and ∞. These results are applied to a large class of symmetric and self-adjoint indefinite Sturm-Liouville operators with indefinite weight functions.  相似文献
4.
Existence of solutions for semibounded nonlinear evolution equations is established. This gives more accurate estimate of solutions and conditions of existence axe more easily validated. Our results are successfully applied to prove existence and uniqueness of solutions for some KdV type equations.  相似文献
5.
苗长兴 《数学进展》2004,33(6):641-668
本文着力于给出非线性发展方程的自相似解的一些最新的研究进展.借助于调和分析的方法(特别是利用Littlewood-Paley理论、时空估计等),通过非线性发展方程的Cauchy问题的研究来获得自相似解.主要技术是将初始状态空间X推广到非自反的Banach空间(使得X包含那些具自相似结构的初始函数),相应地将适定性中解在t=0处的连续性放宽成弱连续.另一方面,用Scaling的方法来分析时空可积空间的形式、非线性增长与空间X的选取等.这对非线性发展方程Cauchy问题的研究是至关重要的,它本质上给出了研究非线性发展方程Cauchy问题的工作空间.进而,对于自相似解的结构、自相似解作用(可以是某些整体解的大尺度极限)亦给出了一些具体的分析.  相似文献
6.
Based on the concept of quasiaverages, we classify the equilibrium states of the superfluid 3He with due regard to possible inhomogeneous structures. We establish a relation of the residual and spatial symmetry conditions to a helicoidal ordering of the spatial anisotropy vector and a spiral structure of the magnetic anisotropy vector. We show that the set of anisotropic homogeneous equilibrium states can be classified in terms of two quantum numbers corresponding to the projections of the Cooper-pair spin and orbital momentum onto the anisotropy directions.  相似文献
7.
We generalize the well-known notions of a singleton, completeQ-set, presheaf, and sheaf over a complete Heyting algebra or a right-sided idempotent quantale to arbitrary quantaloids. We show that every completeQ-set can be viewed as a sheaf and vice versa. Published in Lietuvos Matematikos Rinkinys, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 133–171, April–June, 2000.  相似文献
8.
It is shown that a triple of two-dimensional planes in R6 is determined up to isometry by nine angular invariants – the six critical angles and the three angles between the critical bases in each plane – and four signs. Conditions of existence of these triples are then analyzed. These results are used to study some noteworthy triples.  相似文献
9.
10.
New classes of generalized Nevanlinna functions, which under multiplication with an arbitrary fixed symmetric rational function remain generalized Nevanlinna functions, are introduced. Characterizations for these classes of functions are established by connecting the canonical factorizations of the product function and the original generalized Nevanlinna function in a constructive manner. Also, a detailed functional analytic treatment of these classes of functions is carried out by investigating the connection between the realizations of the product function and the original function. The operator theoretic treatment of these realizations is based on the notions of rigged spaces, boundary triplets, and associated Weyl functions.  相似文献
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