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1.
基于联系数复运算的区间数多属性决策方法及应用   总被引:8,自引:4,他引:4  
针对属性权重与属性值都为区间数的多属性决策问题,先把区间数转换成a+bi形式的联系数,再按联系数的复运算要求改写成三角函数表达式,在此基础上得到一种多属性加权决策综合主值模型.实例应用表明:该方法在一定程度上客观地反映出区间数多属性决策问题中确定性与不确定性的相互联系和相互影响,算法简便,结论可靠.  相似文献
2.
非线性发展方程新的显式精确解   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
借助Mathematica系统,采用三角函数法和吴文俊消元法,本文获得了著名的2+1维KP方程的若干精确解,其中包括新的精确解和孤波解.在此基础上,进而得到著名KdV方程、Hirota-Satsuma方程和耦合KdV方程的一些精确解.  相似文献
3.
基于正弦和余弦函数的小波滤波器的统一解析构造   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
首次提出用正弦函数和余弦函数解析构造任意长度的紧支集正交小波滤波系数,首先给出了对N=2k-1时(k个参数)的解析结构,其次给出了N=2k时正交小波滤波器的统一构造方法,此后验证了著名的Daubechies小波滤波器的构成参数,并验证了一些被广泛的使用的著名小波分析滤波器,所有这些滤波器容易用一组参数直接计算出来,小波滤波器的解析构造使得在应用中动态选择小波基变得极基容易,这一结果必将在小波理论,应用数学及模式识别等领域产生十分重要的作用。  相似文献
4.
The trigonometric functions entered “analysis” when Isaac Newton derived the power series for the sine in his De Analysi of 1669. On the other hand, no textbook until 1748 dealt with the calculus of these functions. That is, in none of the dozen or so calculus texts written in England and the continent during the first half of the 18th century was there a treatment of the derivative and integral of the sine or cosine or any discussion of the periodicity or addition properties of these functions. This contrasts sharply with what occurred in the case of the exponential and logarithmic functions. We attempt here to explain why the trigonometric functions did not enter calculus until about 1739. In that year, however, Leonhard Euler invented this calculus. He was led to this invention by the need for the trigonometric functions as solutions of linear differential equations. In addition, his discovery of a general method for solving linear differential equations with constant coefficients was influenced by his knowledge that these functions must provide part of that solution.  相似文献
5.
本描述了一种局部的近似弧长参数化插值方法,用三角函数对曲线的弧长函数进行分段逼近,段与段之间是相互独立的,且插值曲线在插值点处的弧长与原参数曲线的真实弧长相等。  相似文献
6.
In this paper, quadrature formulas with an arbitrary number of nodes and exactly integrating trigonometric polynomials up to degree as high as possible are constructed in order to approximate 2π-periodic weighted integrals. For this purpose, certain bi-orthogonal systems of trigonometric functions are introduced and their most relevant properties studied. Some illustrative numerical examples are also given. The paper completes the results previously given by Szegő in Magy Tud Akad Mat Kut Intez K?zl 8:255–273, 1963 and by some of the authors in Annales Mathematicae et Informaticae 32:5–44, 2005. This work was partially supported by the research project MTM 2005-08571 of the Spanish Government.  相似文献
7.
Motivated by work on positive cubature formulae over the spherical surface, Gautschi and Leopardi conjectured that the inequality holds for α,β > − 1 and n ≥ 1, θ ∈ (0, π), where are the Jacobi polynomials of degree n and parameters (α, β). We settle this conjecture in the special cases where .   相似文献
8.
A three-parameter (a, b, xs) convex underestimator of the functional form (x) = -a sin[k(x-xs)] + b for the function f(x) = sin(x+s), x [xL, xU], is presented. The proposed method is deterministic and guarantees the existence of at least one convex underestimator of this functional form. We show that, at small k, the method approaches an asymptotic solution. We show that the maximum separation distance of the underestimator from the minimum of the function grows linearly with the domain size. The method can be applied to trigonometric polynomial functions of arbitrary dimensionality and arbitrary degree. We illustrate the features of the new trigonometric underestimator with numerical examples.Support from the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health Grant R01 GM52032 is gratefully acknowledged.  相似文献
9.
Elementary trigonometric quantities are defined in l2,p analogously to that in l2,2, the sine and cosine functions are generalized for each p>0 as functions sinp and cosp such that they satisfy the basic equation p|cosp(φ)|+p|sinp(φ)|=1. The p-generalized radius coordinate of a point ξRn is defined for each p>0 as . On combining these quantities, ln,p-spherical coordinates are defined. It is shown that these coordinates are nearly related to ln,p-simplicial coordinates. The Jacobians of these generalized coordinate transformations are derived. Applications and interpretations from analysis deal especially with the definition of a generalized surface content on ln,p-spheres which is nearly related to a modified co-area formula and an extension of Cavalieri's and Torricelli's indivisibeln method, and with differential equations. Applications from probability theory deal especially with a geometric interpretation of the uniform probability distribution on the ln,p-sphere and with the derivation of certain generalized statistical distributions.  相似文献
10.
For 0<q<1 define the symmetric q-linear operator acting on a suitable function f(x) by δf(x)=f(q1/2x)−f(q−1/2x). The q-linear initial value problem , f(0)=1, has two entire functions Cq(z) and Sq(z) as linearly independent solutions, which are orthogonal on a discrete set. Sufficient conditions for pointwise convergence and for uniform convergence of the corresponding Fourier expansion are given.  相似文献
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