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1.
一类脉冲型平稳最佳随机控制之研究   总被引:29,自引:1,他引:28       下载免费PDF全文
孙世良  刘坤会 《数学学报》1998,41(1):191-198
本文研究了一类平稳的脉冲控制模型,不仅证明了最佳脉冲控制的存在性而且构造出一个最佳控制.  相似文献
2.
Re-entrant lines   总被引:27,自引:0,他引:27  
P. R. Kumar 《Queueing Systems》1993,13(1-3):87-110
Traditionally, manufacturing systems have mainly been treated as either job shops or flow shops. In job shops, parts may arrive with random routes, with each route having a low volume. In flow shops, the routes are fixed and acyclic, as in assembly lines. With the advent of semiconductor manufacturing plants, and more recently, thin film lines, this dichotomy needs to be expanded to consider another class of systems, which we call re-entrant lines. The distinguishing feature of these manufacturing systems is that parts visit some machines more than once at different stages of processing.Scheduling problems arise because several parts at different stages of processing may be in contention with each other for service at the same machine. There may be uncertainties in the form of random service or set-up times, as well as random machine failures and repairs. The goal of scheduling is to improve performance measures such as mean sojourn time in the system, which is also known as the mean cycle-time, or the variance of the cycle-time.In this paper we provide a tutorial account of some recent results in this field. We describe several scheduling policies of interest, and provide some results concerning their stability and performance. Several open problems are suggested.The research reported here has been partially supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. ECS-90-25007, and the Joint Services Electronics Program under Contract No. N00014-84-C-0149.  相似文献
3.
Optimal nonlinear feedback control of quasi-Hamiltonian systems   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
An innovative strategy for optimal nonlinear feedback control of linear or nonlinear stochastic dynamic systems is proposed based on the stochastic averaging method for quasi-Hamiltonian systems and stochastic dynamic programming principle. Feedback control forces of a system are divided into conservative parts and dissipative parts. The conservative parts are so selected that the energy distribution in the controlled system is as requested as possible. Then the response of the system with known conservative control forces is reduced to a controlled diffusion process by using the stochastic averaging method. The dissipative parts of control forces are obtained from solving the stochastic dynamic programming equation. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 19672054) and Cao Guangbiao High Science and Technology Development Foundation of Zhejiang University.  相似文献
4.
一类奇异型平稳随机控制问题   总被引:6,自引:1,他引:5  
本文研究了一个平稳的奇异型随机控制模型,其状态过程为由随机微分方程生成的扩散过程,这个模型实质性地推广了此前的平稳奇异型随机控制模型.  相似文献
5.
最优投资组合模型研究   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
本文研究了在完备金融市场上 ,投资者最优投资组合的随机模型。在模型参数为常系数 ,效用函数为 (0 ,T],B[0 ,T])上的有界可测函数的情形下 ,得出其最大效用值函数是随机控制问题对应的 HJB方程的平滑解 ;最优策略被证明是存在的 ,并用反馈形式给出了最优投资组合策略。  相似文献
6.
与随机控制有关的一类变分方程(Ⅰ)   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6       下载免费PDF全文
刘坤会 《数学学报》2001,44(4):727-736
本文讨论了一些有关微分方程的复杂的分析问题并得到一系列结论,这些结论在本文(Ⅱ)中变分方程问题的研究中起关键作用.  相似文献
7.
Risk-Sensitive Dynamic Asset Management   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
This paper develops a continuous time portfolio optimization model where the mean returns of individual securities or asset categories are explicitly affected by underlying economic factors such as dividend yields, a firm's return on equity, interest rates, and unemployment rates. In particular, the factors are Gaussian processes, and the drift coefficients for the securities are affine functions of these factors. We employ methods of risk-sensitive control theory, thereby using an infinite horizon objective that is natural and features the long run expected growth rate, the asymptotic variance, and a single risk-aversion parameter. Even with constraints on the admissible trading strategies, it is shown that the optimal trading strategy has a simple characterization in terms of the factor levels. For particular factor levels, the optimal trading positions can be obtained as the solution of a quadratic program. The optimal objective value, as a function of the risk-aversion parameter, is shown to be the solution of a partial differential equation. A simple asset allocation example, featuring a Vasicek-type interest rate which affects a stock index and also serves as a second investment opportunity, provides some additional insight about the risk-sensitive criterion in the context of dynamic asset management. Accepted 10 December 1997  相似文献
8.
具有随机风险的公司最优投资策略   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
本文讨论具有随机风险的公司的最优投资策略问题,公司投资选择是存款、贷款及股票交易、,因市场的不完备性,公司在任一时刻存在概率为正值的破产可能性,本文主要结果是:从贷款利率高于存款利率的实际出发,运用最优随机控制理论,得到使公司生存概率取得最大值的最优投资策略,以及相应的最大生存概率,并并对这些结果给出了严格证明。  相似文献
9.
In this paper, we study optimal proportional reinsurance policy of an insurer with a risk process which is perturbed by a diffusion. We derive closed-form expressions for the policy and the value function, which are optimal in the sense of maximizing the expected utility in the jump-diffusion framework. We also obtain explicit expressions for the policy and the value function, which are optimal in the sense of maximizing the expected utility or maximizing the survival probability in the diffusion approximation case. Some numerical examples are presented, which show the impact of model parameters on the policy. We also compare the results under the different criteria and different cases.  相似文献
10.
A CLASS OF STATIONARY MODELS OF SINGULAR STOCHASTIC CONTROL   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
A class of stationary models of singular stochastic control has been studied,in which the state is extended to solution of a class of S.D.E. from Wiener process. The existence of optimal control has been proved in all cases under some weaker conditions,and the structure of optimal control may be characterized.  相似文献
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