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1.
** Email: grassetti{at}stat.unipd.it*** Email: e.gori{at}dss.uniud.it**** Email: simona.minotti{at}unicatt.it Previous studies on hospitals' efficiency often refer to quiterestrictive functional forms for the technology (Aigner et al.,1977, J. Econom., 6, 21–37). In this paper, referringto a study about some hospitals in Lombardy, we formulate convenientcorrectives to a statistical model based on the translogarithmicfunction—the most widely used flexible functional form(Christensen et al., 1973, Rev. Econ. Stat., 55, 28–45).More specifically, in order to take into consideration the hierarchicalstructure of the data (as in Gori et al., 2002, Stat. Appl.,14, 247–275), we propose a multilevel model, ignoringfor the moment the one-side error specification, typical ofstochastic frontier analysis (Aigner et al., 1977, J. Econom.,6, 21–37). Given this simplification, however, we areeasily able to take into account some typical econometric problemsas, e.g. heteroscedasticity. The estimated production functioncan be used to identify the technical inefficiency of hospitals(as already seen in previous works), but also to draw some economicconsiderations about scale elasticity, scale efficiency andoptimal resource allocation of the productive units. We willshow, in fact, that for the translogarithmic specification itis possible to obtain the elasticity of the output (regardingan input) at hospital level as a weighted sum of elasticitiesat ward level. Analogous results can be achieved for scale elasticity,which measures how output changes in response to simultaneousinputs variation. In addition, referring to scale efficiencyand to optimal resource allocation, we will consider the resultsof Ray (1998, J. Prod. Anal., 11, 183–194) to our context.The interpretation of the results is surely an interesting administrativeinstrument for decision makers in order to analyse the productiveconditions of each hospital and its single wards and also todecide the preferable interventions.  相似文献
2.
基于DEA的中国零售连锁企业经营效率比较研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文运用DEA的方法对中国零售连锁上市公司2005~2008年度的经营效率进行了分析。研究表明,在现有的资源和技术条件下,零售连锁企业全要素生产率变化较大,主要是得益于大幅增长的技术进步,而非技术效率的提升;不少企业经营方式仍然比较是粗放,管理上跟不上零售业扩张的步伐。要提升零售连锁企业的经营效率,提高从业人员素质,合理配置资源,提升管理水平势在必行。  相似文献
3.
分别讨论了在不同的规模收益情况下使决策单元变为 DEA有效的方法  相似文献
4.
In this article we generalize the aggregation theory in efficiency and productivity analysis by deriving solutions to the problem of aggregation of individual scale efficiency measures, primal and dual, into aggregate primal and dual scale efficiency measures of a group (e.g., industry). The new aggregation result is coherent with aggregation framework and solutions that were earlier derived for other related efficiency measures and can be used in practice for estimation of scale efficiency of an industry or other groups of firms within it.  相似文献
5.
本文实证分析了1999-2009年间28家物流上市企业规模效率的动态变化和影响因素。结果表明:规模效率均值为0.784,尚有21.6%的改善空间,企业总资产不是规模效率的决定因素;稳定繁荣的宏观经济形势、资产的快速周转、可提供差异化的产品和服务都有助于规模效率的提升,而规模效率的改善与行业行政垄断是负向关系。研究显示提高资产的利用效率和差异化服务水平是利于规模效率进步的,政府应进一步提高交通运输部门的综合运管协调能力,提高企业规模效率。  相似文献
6.
综合运用数据包络分析DEA模型对江苏省22所本科院校的总体有效性、技术有效性、规模有效性以及规模报酬进行分析,分析影响效率有效性的因素,得到各高校的效率状况.  相似文献
7.
基于三阶段DEA(数据包络分析)模型测算了我国2009年29个省市的全要素能源效率及其分解变量.研究结果表明:环境因素对于各地区全要素能源效率有显著影响.各地区政府财政支出与对外开放程度的提高是全要素能源效率改善的有利因素;各地区第三产业增加值占GDP的比重与各地区工业总产值占中国所有工业总产值的比重的增加是全要素能源效率提高的不利因素.另一方面在剔除环境和随机因素影响后,全国平均规模效率的降低是全要素能源效率的下降主要因素.最后由全要素能源效率的聚类分析结果发现,我国全要素能源效率的区域差异明显,东部表现最优,中部次之,西部最次.  相似文献
8.
日本是世界上保险业最发达的国家之一.但自20世纪90年代以来随着泡沫经济的破灭,宏观经济和金融环境的恶化,日本保险业尤其是寿险业进入了停滞与调整期.面对这一情况,日本政府层面和公司层面都推出各种措施,振兴踯躅前行中的日本寿险业.利用数据包络分析(DEA)方法对1998 2008年期间日本全部寿险公司的技术效率、纯技术效率和规模效率及其变动趋势进行了测度,对日本寿险市场的发展演变历程进行全面分析,希望对中国寿险业的发展提供经验借鉴.  相似文献
9.
The aim of this paper is to explore the operating efficiency, the scale efficiency targets, and the variability of DEA efficiency estimates of Asian container ports. This study applies data envelopment analysis (DEA) with the traditional DEA model, most productive scale size concept, returns to scale approach, and bootstrap method to assess the operating performance, set scale efficient targets, and determine efficiency rankings of Asian container ports. The results of this study can provide port managers with insights into resource allocation, competitive advantages, as well as optimization of the operating performance. The potential applications and strengths of DEA in assessing the Asian container ports are highlighted.  相似文献
10.
Monte Carlo experimentation is a well-known approach used to test the performance of alternative methodologies under different hypotheses. In the frontier analysis framework, whatever the parametric or non-parametric methods tested, experiments to date have been developed assuming single output multi-input production functions. The data generated have mostly assumed a Cobb–Douglas technology. Among other drawbacks, this simple framework does not allow the evaluation of DEA performance on scale efficiency measurement. The aim of this paper is twofold. On the one hand, we show how reliable two-output two-input production data can be generated using a parametric output distance function approach. A variable returns to scale translog technology satisfying regularity conditions is used for this purpose. On the other hand, we evaluate the accuracy of DEA technical and scale efficiency measurement when sample size and output ratios vary. Our Monte Carlo experiment shows that the correlation between true and estimated scale efficiency is dramatically low when DEA analysis is performed with small samples and wide output ratio variations.  相似文献
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