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1.
多服务台可修系统的优化分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
机器可修系统是可修排队的一个重要研究方向,研究了具有止步,中途退出和服务台可发生故障的M/M/R机器可修问题.利用矩阵几何解法,得到了稳态概率的矩阵几何解,在此基础上建立了系统的费用模型,并进行了数值分析.  相似文献
2.
A Diffusion Approximation for a GI/GI/1 Queue with Balking or Reneging   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Consider a single-server queue with a renewal arrival process and generally distributed processing times in which each customer independently reneges if service has not begun within a generally distributed amount of time. We establish that both the workload and queue-length processes in this system can be approximated by a regulated Ornstein-Uhlenbeck (ROU) process when the arrival rate is close to the processing rate and reneging times are large. We further show that a ROU process also approximates the queue-length process, under the same parameter assumptions, in a balking model. Our balking model assumes the queue-length is observable to arriving customers, and that each customer balks if his or her conditional expected waiting time is too large.  相似文献
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It has been shown by (R.O. Al-Seedy, A.A. El-Sherbiny, S.A. El-Shehawy, S.I. Ammar, Transient solution of the M/M/c queue with balking and reneging, Comput. Math. Appl. 57 (2009) 1280–1285) that a generating function technique can be successfully applied to derive the transient solution for an M/M/c queueing system. In this paper, we further illustrate how this technique can be used to obtain the busy period density function of an M/M/1 queue with balking and reneging. Finally, numerical calculations are presented.  相似文献
5.
This paper presents modeling and analysis of unreliable Markovian multiserver finite-buffer queue with discouragement and synchronous working vacation policy. According to this policy, c servers keep serving the customers until the number of idle servers reaches the threshold level d; then d idle servers take vacation altogether. Out of these d vacationing servers, dW servers may opt for working vacation i.e. they serve the secondary customers with different rates during the vacation period. On the other hand, the remaining d − dW = dV servers continue to be on vacation. During the vacation of d servers, the other e = c − d servers must be present in the system even if they are idle. On returning from vacation, if the queue size does not exceed e, then these d servers take another vacation together; otherwise start serving the customers. The servers may undergo breakdown simultaneously both in regular busy period and working vacation period due to the failure of a main control unit. This main unit is then repaired by the repairman in at most two phases. We obtain the stationary performance measures such as expected queue length, average balking and reneging rate, throughput, etc. The steady state and transient behaviours of the arriving customers and the servers are examined by using matrix analytical method and numerical approach based on Runge-Kutta method of fourth order, respectively. The sensitivity analysis is facilitated for the transient model to demonstrate the validity of the analytical results and to examine the effect of different parameters on various performance indices.  相似文献
6.
研究了等待空间有限的两服务台可修排队系统,其中一个服务台可能故障.到达的顾客可能进入系统也可能不进入系统(止步),进入系统的顾客可能因等待的不耐烦而中途退出.利用马尔可夫过程的方法建立了系统稳态概率满足的方程组,通过分块矩阵推导出了系统稳态概率向量的迭代计算公式,由此得到了系统各项性能指标的计算公式.最后,给出了一些数值结果.  相似文献
7.
研究了带有止步和中途退出的M/M/R/N同步多重工作休假排队系统,利用马尔可夫过程理论和矩阵解法求出了含有两个逆阵的系统稳态概率的矩阵解,并得到了系统的平均队长、服务员处在工作休假期的概率以及顾客的平均止步率等性能指标.最后通过数值例子分析了系统的参数对平均队长的影响.  相似文献
8.
We consider an infinite capacity M/M/c queueing system with c unreliable servers, in which the customers may balk (do not enter) and renege (leave the queue after entering). The system is analyzed as a quasi-birth-and-death (QBD) process and the necessary and sufficient condition of system equilibrium is obtained. System performance measures are explicitly derived in terms of computable forms. The useful formulae for computing the rate matrix and stationary probabilities are derived by means of a matrix analytical approach. A cost model is derived to determine the optimal values of the number of servers, service rate and repair rate simultaneously at the minimal total expected cost per unit time. The parameter optimization is illustrated numerically by the Quasi-Newton method.  相似文献
9.
Queuing problems in which customers leave the queue without obtaining service (i.e. renege) have many applications. This paper looks at a queue where arrival, service and reneging events are all generated by independent Poisson processes, and customers are selected for service according to priority. A closed-form expression is derived for the probability of completing service for each priority class if high-priority customers always pre-empt low-priority ones. This result has applications in modeling the value of communications between members of an interacting population, such as a formal organization or an online community.  相似文献
10.
The present investigation deals with a multicomponent repairable system with state dependent rates. For smooth functioning of the system, mixed standbys (warm and cold) are provided so that the failed units are immediately replaced by standbys if available. To prevent congestion in the system due to failure of units, permanent along with additional repairmen are provided to restore the failed units. It is assumed that the units may fail in two modes. The units have exponential life time and repair time distributions. The failed unit may balk in case of heavy load of failed units. The failed units may also wait in the queue and renege on finding the repairmen busy according to a pre-specified rule. The Chapman–Kolmogorov equations, governing the model in the form of matrix are constructed using transition flow rates of different states. The steady state solution of queue size distribution is derived using product formula. A cost function is suggested to determine the optimal number of warm and cold standbys units required for the desired level of quality of service. The numerical illustrations are carried out to explore the effect of different parameters on performance measures.  相似文献
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