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1.
A contribution to large deviations for heavy-tailed random sums   总被引:22,自引:0,他引:22  
In this paper we consider the large deviations for random sums , whereX n,n⩾1 are independent, identically distributed and non-negative random variables with a common heavy-tailed distribution function F, andN(t), t⩾0 is a process of non-negative integer-valued random variables, independent ofX n,n⩾1. Under the assumption that the tail of F is of Pareto’s type (regularly or extended regularly varying), we investigate what reasonable condition can be given onN(t), t⩾0 under which precise large deviation for S( t) holds. In particular, the condition we obtain is satisfied for renewal counting processes.  相似文献
2.
Large Deviations of Heavy-Tailed Sums with Applications in Insurance   总被引:13,自引:0,他引:13  
First we give a short review of large deviation results for sums of i.i.d. random variables. The main emphasis is on heavy-tailed distributions. We stress more the methodology than the detailed calculations. Large deviation techniques are then applied to randomly indexed sums and shot noise processes. We also indicate the close relationship between large deviation results and the modeling of large insurance claims. This revised version was published online in July 2006 with corrections to the Cover Date.  相似文献
3.
We extend the classical compound Poisson risk model to the case where the premium income process, based on a Poisson process, is no longer a linear function. For this more realistic risk model, Lundberg type limiting results on the finite time ruin probabilities are derived. Asymptotic behaviour of the tail probabilities of the claim surplus process is also investigated.  相似文献
4.
Risk-Sensitive Dynamic Asset Management   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
This paper develops a continuous time portfolio optimization model where the mean returns of individual securities or asset categories are explicitly affected by underlying economic factors such as dividend yields, a firm's return on equity, interest rates, and unemployment rates. In particular, the factors are Gaussian processes, and the drift coefficients for the securities are affine functions of these factors. We employ methods of risk-sensitive control theory, thereby using an infinite horizon objective that is natural and features the long run expected growth rate, the asymptotic variance, and a single risk-aversion parameter. Even with constraints on the admissible trading strategies, it is shown that the optimal trading strategy has a simple characterization in terms of the factor levels. For particular factor levels, the optimal trading positions can be obtained as the solution of a quadratic program. The optimal objective value, as a function of the risk-aversion parameter, is shown to be the solution of a partial differential equation. A simple asset allocation example, featuring a Vasicek-type interest rate which affects a stock index and also serves as a second investment opportunity, provides some additional insight about the risk-sensitive criterion in the context of dynamic asset management. Accepted 10 December 1997  相似文献
5.
We study a class of stochastic differential equations with non-Lipschitz coefficients. A unique strong solution is obtained and the non confluence of the solutions of stochastic differential equations is proved. The dependence with respect to the initial values is investigated. To obtain a continuous version of solutions, the modulus of continuity of coefficients is assumed to be less than |x-y| log Finally a large deviation principle of Freidlin-Wentzell type is also established in the paper.  相似文献
6.
Invariant Measure for the Markov Process Corresponding to a PDE System   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
In this paper, we consider the Markov process (X^∈(t), Z^∈(t)) corresponding to a weakly coupled elliptic PDE system with a small parameter ∈ 〉 0. We first prove that (X^∈(t), Z^∈(t)) has the Feller continuity by the coupling method, and then prove that (X^∈(t), Z^∈(t)) has an invariant measure μ^∈(·) by the Foster-Lyapunov inequality. Finally, we establish a large deviations principle for μ^∈(·) as the small parameter e tends to zero.  相似文献
7.
Let M n =X 1+    +X n be a martingale with differences X k =M k M k–1bounded from above such that with some non-random positive k .Let the conditional variance 2 k =E(X 2 k |X 1,...,X k–1) satisfy 2 k s 2 k with probability one, where s 2 k are some non-random numbers. Write 2 k =max{ 2 k ,s 2 k } and 2= 2 1+    + 2 n . We prove the inequality
with a constant .  相似文献
8.
Moderate Deviations and Large Deviations for Kernel Density Estimators   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
Let f n be the non-parametric kernel density estimator based on a kernel function K and a sequence of independent and identically distributed random variables taking values in d . It is proved that if the kernel function is an integrable function with bounded variation, and the common density function f of the random variables is continuous and f(x) 0 as |x| , then the moderate deviation principle and large deviation principle for hold.  相似文献
9.
Effective bandwidths at multi-class queues   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
Consider a queue which serves traffic from a number of distinct sources and which is required to deliver a performance guarantee, expressed in terms of the mean delay or the probability the delay exceeds a threshold. For various simple models we show that an effective bandwidth can be associated with each source, and that the queue can deliver its performance guarantee by limiting the sources served so that their effective bandwidths sum to less than the capacity of the queue.  相似文献
10.
重尾平稳序列的大偏差   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
刘艳  胡亦钧 《数学杂志》2003,23(1):11-18
本文给出了一类重尾的随机变量序列{Xn,n≥1}的部分和Sn=∑i=1 n Xi与随机和S(t)=∑i=1^N(t) Xi的大偏差结果其中{N(t),t≥)}是一族非负整值的随机变量,{Xn,n≥1}是非负的平稳过程,并且与{N(t),t≥0}独立。本文将独立同分布情形的结果掖到了平稳相依的情形。  相似文献
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