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1.
The generalized Poisson distribution is well known to be a compound Poisson distribution with Borel summands. As a generalization we present closed formulas for compound Bartlett and Delaporte distributions with Borel summands and a recursive structure for certain compound shifted Delaporte mixtures with Borel summands. Our models are introduced in an actuarial context as claim number distributions and are derived only with probabilistic arguments and elementary combinatorial identities. In the actuarial context related compound distributions are of importance as models for the total size of insurance claims for which we present simple recursion formulas of Panjer type.  相似文献   
2.
This paper deals with the problem of stabilization by output feedback control of Takagi–Sugeno (T–S) fuzzy discrete-time systems with a fixed delay by linear programming (LP) and cone complementarity while imposing positivity in closed-loop. The stabilization conditions are derived using the single Lyapunov–Krasovskii Functional (LKF). An example of a real plant is studied to show the advantages of the design procedure.  相似文献   
3.
对2013 年度国家自然科学基金委员会数理科学部力学科学处结题的12 项重点项目结题审查情况进行了简要介绍. 给出了12 项2013 年度结题重点项目清单以及经专家组讨论形成的结题审查评价意见.  相似文献   
4.
Sulfur‐fumigation is known to reduce volatile compounds that are the main active components in herbs used in herbal medicine. We investigated changes in chemical composition between sun‐dried and sulfur‐fumigated Radix Angelicae Dahuricae using a purge and trap technique to capture volatile compounds, and two‐dimensional gas chromatography/time‐of‐flight mass spectrometry for identification. Using sun‐dried Radix Angelicae Dahuricae samples as a reference, the results showed that 73 volatile compounds, including 12 sulfide compounds, were found to be present only in sulfur‐fumigated samples. Furthermore, 32 volatile compounds that were found in sun‐dried Radix Angelicae Dahuricae samples disappeared after sulfur‐fumigation. The proposed method can be applied to accurately discriminate sulfur‐fumigated Radix Angelicae Dahuricae from different commercial sources. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
5.
We report an improved CE method to monitor in vitro the self‐assembly of monomeric amyloid β‐peptide (42 amino acids amyloid β‐peptide, Aβ1–42) and in particular the crucial early steps involved in the formation of the neurotoxic oligomers. In order to start the kinetics from the beginning, sample preparation was optimized to provide samples containing exclusively the monomeric form. The CE method was also improved using a dynamic coating and by reducing the separation distance. Using this method, the disappearance of the monomer as well as the progressive formation of four species during the self‐assembly process can now be monitored and quantified over time. The hydrodynamic radius of the species present at the initial kinetics step was estimated around 1.8 nm by Taylor dispersion analysis while SDS‐PAGE analyses showed the predominance of the monomer. These results confirmed that the Aβ1–42 species present at this initial time was the monomer. Methylene blue, an anti‐Alzheimer disease candidate, was then evaluated. In spite of an oligomerization inhibition, the enhanced disappearance of the Aβ1–42 monomer provoked by methylene blue was demonstrated for the first time. This method, allowing the monomeric and smallest oligomeric species to be monitored, represents a new accurate and precise way to evaluate compounds for drug discovery.  相似文献   
6.
The paper proposes a robust approach to automatic segmentation of leukocyte's nucleus from microscopic blood smear images under normal as well as noisy environment by employing a new exponential intuitionistic fuzzy divergence based thresholding technique. The algorithm minimizes the divergence between the actual image and the ideally thresholded image to search for the final threshold. A new divergence formula based on exponential intuitionistic fuzzy entropy has been proposed. Further, to increase its noise handling capacity, a neighborhood-based membership function for the image pixels has been designed. The proposed scheme has been applied on 110 normal and 54 leukemia (chronic myelogenous leukemia) affected blood samples. The nucleus segmentation results have been validated by three expert hematologists. The algorithm achieves an average segmentation accuracy of 98.52% in noise-free environment. It beats the competitor algorithms in terms of several other metrics. The proposed scheme with neighborhood based membership function outperforms the competitor algorithms in terms of segmentation accuracy under noisy environment. It achieves 93.90% and 94.93% accuracies for Speckle and Gaussian noises, respectively. The average area under the ROC curves comes out to be 0.9514 in noisy conditions, which proves the robustness of the proposed algorithm.  相似文献   
7.
Low concentration photovoltaic (LCPV) systems have the potential to reduce the cost per kWh of electricity compared to conventional flat-plate photovoltaics (PV) by up to 50%. The cost-savings are realised by replacing expensive PV cells with relatively cheaper optical components to concentrate incident solar irradiance onto a receiver and by tracking the sun along either 1 axis or 2 axes. A LCPV module consists of three interrelated subsystems, viz., the optical, electrical and the thermal subsystems, which must be considered for optimal module design and performance. Successful integration of these subsystems requires the balancing of cost, performance and reliability. In this study LCPV experimental prototype modules were designed, built and evaluated with respect to optimisation of the three subsystems and overall performance. This paper reports on the optical and electrical evaluation of a prototype LCPV module.  相似文献   
8.
In nonstandard enlargement,the separations are characterized by nonstandard analysis methods in[0,l]-topological spaces.Firstly,the monads of fuzzy point in[0,l]-topological spaces are described with remote-neighborhoods in nonstandard enlarged model.Then the nonstandard characterizations of separations in [0,l]-topological space are given by the monads.At last,relations of these separations are investigated.  相似文献   
9.
The results of evaluating the individual hydrogen bond (H-bond) strength are expected to be helpful for the rational design of new strategies for molecular recognition or supramolecular assemblies. Unfortunately, there is few obvious and unambiguous means of evaluating the energy of a single H-bond within a multiple H-bonds system. We present a local analytic model, ABEEMσπ H-bond energy (HBE) model based on ab initio calculations (MP2) as benchmark, to directly and rapidly evaluate the individual HBE in situ in inter- and intramolecular multiple H-bonds system. This model describes the HBE as the sum of electrostatic and van der Waals (vdW) interactions which all depend upon the geometry and environment, and the ambient environment of H-bond in the model is accounted fairly. Thus, it can fairly consider the cooperative effect and secondary effect. The application range of ABEEMσπ HBE model is rather wide. This work has discussed the individual H-bond in DNA base pair and protein peptide dimers. The results indicate that the interactions among donor H atom, acceptor atom as well as those atoms connected to them with 1,2 or 1,3 relationships are all important for evaluating the HBE, although the interaction between the donor H atom and the acceptor atom is large. Furthermore, our model quantitatively indicates the polarization ability of N, O, and S in a new style, and gives the percentage of the polarization effect in HBE, which can not be given by fixed partial charge force field.  相似文献   
10.
《结构化学》2012,43(5)
为了提高矿井瓦斯抽采效果,建立了瓦斯抽采系统安全可靠性评价体系,用层次分析法对指标权重进行了计算,并通过了指标一致性检验;应用层次分析综合评价法建立了其评价模型,对大水头矿瓦斯抽采系统进行了实例评价,根据综合评价结果,判断矿井瓦斯抽采系统是否满足安全生产的要求,提出其需要整改的薄弱环节,确保矿井安全生产。  相似文献   
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