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1.
基于偏度的多期组合投资调整模型   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
荣喜民  崔红岩 《运筹与管理》2005,14(6):104-108,87
由于不同时期资产收益率以及投资者对风险和收益偏好的变化,加之资金等条件的限制,大多数组合投资问题具有明显的动态特征。本文把单期投资组合拓展到多期,引入偏度和风险度量工具VaR,并考虑交易费用的影响,建立了多期投资组合调整模型。最后,给出实证分析对模型进行分析研究,这对投资者的连续投资行为具有一定的指导作用。  相似文献
2.
In this paper, we survey the recent advances and mathematical foundations of gene-environment networks. We explain their interdisciplinary implications with special regard to human and life sciences as well as financial sciences. Special attention is paid to applications in Operational Research and environmental protection. Originally developed in the context of modeling and prediction of gene-expression patterns, gene-environment networks have proved to provide a conceptual framework for the modeling of dynamical systems with respect to errors and uncertainty as well as the influence of certain environmental items. Given the noise-prone measurement data we extract nonlinear differential equations to describe and analyze the interactions and regulating effects between the data items of interest and the environmental items. In particular, these equations reflect data uncertainty by the use of interval arithmetics and comprise unknown parameters resulting in a wide variety of the model. For an identification of these parameters Chebychev approximation and generalized semi-infinite optimization are applied. In addition, the time-discrete counterparts of the nonlinear equations are introduced and their parametrical stability is investigated by a combinatorial algorithm which detects the region of parameter stability. Finally, we analyze the topological landscape of the gene-environment networks in terms of structural stability. We conclude with an application of our analysis and introduce the eco-finance networks.  相似文献
3.
The European option with transaction costs is studied. The cost of making a transaction is taken to be proportional by a factor λ to the value (in dollars) of stock traded. When there are no transaction costs (i.e. when λ=0) the well-known Black-Scholes strategy tells how to hedge the option. Since no non-trivial perfect hedging strategy exists when λ>0 (see (Ann. Appl. Probab. 5(2) (1995) 327)), we instead try to maximize the expected utility attainable. We seek to understand the effect transaction costs have on the maximum attainable expected utility over all strategies, when λ is small but non-zero. It turns out that transaction costs diminish the expected utility by an amount which has the order of magnitude λ2/3. We will compute that correction explicitly modulo an error which is small compared to λ2/3. We will exhibit an explicit strategy whose expected utility differs from the maximum attainable expected utility by an error small in comparison to λ2/3.  相似文献
4.
We study the deterministic counterpart of a backward-forward stochastic differential utility, which has recently been characterized as the solution to the Cauchy problem related to a PDE of degenerate parabolic type with a conservative first order term. We first establish a local existence result for strong solutions and a continuation principle, and we produce a counterexample showing that, in general, strong solutions fail to be globally smooth. Afterward, we deal with discontinuous entropy solutions, and obtain the global well posedness of the Cauchy problem in this class. Eventually, we select a sufficient condition of geometric type which guarantees the continuity of entropy solutions for special initial data. As a byproduct, we establish the existence of an utility process which is a solution to a backward-forward stochastic differential equation, for a given class of final utilities, which is relevant for financial applications.  相似文献
5.
This paper reformulates the valuation of interest rate swaps, swap leg payments and swap risk measures, all under stochastic interest rates, as a problem of solving a system of linear equations with random perturbations. A sequence of uniform approximations which solves this system is developed and allows for fast and accurate computation. The proposed method provides a computationally efficient alternative to Monte Carlo based valuations and risk measurement of swaps. This is demonstrated by conducting numerical experiments and so our method provides a potentially important real-time application for analysis and calculation in markets.  相似文献
6.
Using the language of convex analysis, we describe key results in several important areas of finance: portfolio theory, financial derivative trading and pricing and consumption based asset pricing theory. We hope to emphasize the importance of convex analysis in financial mathematics and also draw the attention of researchers in convex analysis to interesting issues in financial applications.  相似文献
7.
We study the asset allocation of defined benefit pension plans of the type designed and sponsored by firms with the aim of providing a lifetime pension to the employees at the age of retirement. Benefits are stochastic, combining Poisson jumps with Brownian uncertainty. The sponsor dynamically forms portfolios where the risky asset is also subjected to Poisson jumps and Brownian uncertainty, possibly correlated with the evolution of benefits. The objective is to assure future benefits, while controlling the contribution made to the fund reserves. The problem is solved analytically using dynamic programming techniques.  相似文献
8.
结合同济大学应用数学专业的特点,探讨了在我国开展金融数学教学的课程设置指导思想、实施方案、与科研的良性互动以及教学效果.为提高我国的金融数学专业的教学水平提出了一些自己的看法和建议.  相似文献
9.
In this paper, we apply newly developed methods called GAM & CQP and CMARS for country defaults. These are techniques refined by us using Conic Quadratic Programming. Moreover, we compare these new methods with common and regularly used classification tools, applied on 33 emerging markets’ data in the period of 1980-2005. We conclude that GAM & CQP and CMARS provide an efficient alternative in predictions. The aim of this study is to develop a model for predicting the countries’ default possibilities with the help of modern techniques of continuous optimization, especially conic quadratic programming. We want to show that the continuous optimization techniques used in data mining are also very successful in financial theory and application. By this paper we contribute to further benefits from model-based methods of applied mathematics in the financial sector. Herewith, we aim to help build up our nations.  相似文献
10.
We provide a group classification of a class of nonlinearisable evolution partial differential equations which arise in Financial Mathematics. Sixteen different cases are identified for the general problem and another seven for a restricted version. In the cases for which the algebra is suitable we determine the solution to the problem u(0,x)=U, where U is a constant. In addition we provide a number of solutions based upon reduction using inequivalent subalgebras.  相似文献
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