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1.
Fractional programming approach to fuzzy weighted average   总被引:14,自引:0,他引:14  
This paper proposes a fractional programming approach to construct the membership function for fuzzy weighted average. Based on the -cut representation of fuzzy sets and the extension principle, a pair of fractional programs is formulated to find the -cut of fuzzy weighted average. Owing to the special structure of the fractional programs, in most cases, the optimal solution can be found analytically. Consequently, the exact form of the membership function can be derived by taking the inverse function of the -cut. For other cases, a discrete but exact solution to fuzzy weighted average is provided via an efficient solution method. Examples are given for illustration.  相似文献
2.
Fractional programming approach to fuzzy weighted average   总被引:13,自引:0,他引:13  
This paper proposes a fractional programming approach to construct the membership function for fuzzy weighted average. Based on the -cut representation of fuzzy sets and the extension principle, a pair of fractional programs is formulated to find the -cut of fuzzy weighted average. Owing to the special structure of the fractional programs, in most cases, the optimal solution can be found analytically. Consequently, the exact form of the membership function can be derived by taking the inverse function of the -cut. For other cases, a discrete but exact solution to fuzzy weighted average is provided via an efficient solution method. Examples are given for illustration.  相似文献
3.
基于层次分析的模糊一致性判断矩阵及其应用   总被引:13,自引:0,他引:13  
由于主客观条件的限制 ,常规模糊判断矩阵存在着诸多缺陷。针对这一问题 ,提出应用一种新的方法来构造模糊一致性矩阵 ,并应用蒙特卡罗方法证明该矩阵具有传递性、可综合性和保序性的特征 ,从而可以在决策分析中得到广泛的应用 ;最后将其应用到一个实际算例中 ,收到较好的结果  相似文献
4.
航空公司航线决策的一种系统方法   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
本通过对航空公司基于现有运力选择航线这一决策问题的诸多影响因素的综合分析,根据经验和灵敏度分析的结果,提炼出适于决策的关键因素作为这个多目标决策问题的目标属性,给出了确定各属性值和其权的相应技术和方法,并运用适宜本问题的决策分析方法,完成决策过程,这是作提出的一种较为系统的航线决策概念和方法,也是一种可程序化的方法,借助于计算机并建立相应的数据库,能快速,方便地完成这一决策分析,对如何选择最佳的航线网络,也可类此采用本方法。  相似文献
5.
Project Selection by Constrained Fuzzy AHP   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
The selection of a project among a set of possible alternatives is a difficult task decision makers have to face. Difficulties in selecting a project arise because of the different goals involved and because of the large number of attributes to consider. Our approach is based upon a fuzzy extension of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). This paper focuses on the constraints that have to be considered within fuzzy AHP in order to take in account all the available information. This study demonstrates that by considering all the information deriving from the constraints better results in terms of certainty and reliability can be achieved.  相似文献
6.
基于粗集的决策分析   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
粗糙集理论研究的重要内容是约简,目的在于获取优良的规则集合。本文描述了决策规则的多种指标,分析了他们体现的性质,并提出了规则集合的决策度量,从整体上体现了一个规则集合的性能,为多知识库决策奠定了基础。  相似文献
7.
We propose and develop a new framework for studying the problem of preventing biological invasions caused by ships transporting internationally traded goods between countries and continents. Specifically, we apply the methods of queuing theory to analyze the problem of preventing a biological invasion from a long run perspective. First, we characterize two simple regulatory regimes as two different kinds of queues. Second, we show how to pose a publically owned port manager’s decision problem as an optimization problem using queuing theoretic techniques. Third, we compare and contrast the optimality conditions emanating from our analysis of the M/M/I/U and the M/M/I/I inspection regimes. We conclude by discussing possible extensions to our basic models.  相似文献
8.
A list-based compact representation for large decision tables management   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
Due to the huge size of the tables we manage when dealing with real decision-making problems under uncertainty, we propose turning them into minimum storage space multidimensional matrices. The process involves searching for the best order of the matrix dimensions, which is a NP-hard problem. Moreover, during the search, the computation of the new storage space that each order requires and copying the table with respect to the new order may be too time consuming or even intractable if we want a process to work in a reasonable time on an ordinary PC. In this paper, we provide efficient heuristics to solve all these problems. The optimal table includes the same knowledge as the original table, but it is compacted, which is very valuable for knowledge retrieval, learning and expert reasoning explanation purposes.  相似文献
9.
两阶段随机线性规划的费用型鲁棒模型   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
Vladmiron和Zenios曾引进了限制补偿的概念,给出了关于具有补偿的两阶段随机线性规划的鲁棒优化的新的表述。为适应决策者对补偿在技术操作上的稳定性与经费预算上的稳定性的需求,我们提出了费用型鲁棒模型以及混合型鲁棒模型,并转化为序列修正的线性规划的求解问题.  相似文献
10.
在线多租赁选择问题的最优竞争策略   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
在线算法与竞争分析是研究信息不确定决策问题的一种新工具,应用该方法研究在线租赁问题是近年来国内外的一个研究热点。传统的在线租赁问题以经典的"雪橇租赁模型"为基础,考虑在线决策者可以选择购买或按单位时间租赁的方式来使用设备。然而现实租赁市场(比如汽车租赁,房屋租赁)往往提供多种租赁方式供在线决策者选择,除了按单位时间进行租赁,通常可以以一个较优惠的价格租赁多个单位时间。在这种现实背景下,本文建立了多种租赁形式下的在线租赁模型,给出了这种租赁模型下的确定性竞争策略,并证明该策略具有最优竞争比。  相似文献
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