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1.
基于DEA和SFA的我国商业银行效率研究   总被引:15,自引:1,他引:14  
本文利用板块数据,分别采用非参数前沿法中的DEA法和参数前沿法中的SFA法对我国十四家商业银行1997-2001期间的综合效率进行了测度,在此基础上对两种方法测度出的银行效率值排序进行了相关分析和一致性检验,结果表明两种方法测度出的银行效率在数值上有显著差异,但在是效率排序上具有很好的一致性。  相似文献
2.
DEA models for supply chain efficiency evaluation   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
An appropriate performance measurement system is an important requirement for the effective management of a supply chain. Two hurdles are present in measuring the performance of a supply chain and its members. One is the existence of multiple measures that characterize the performance of chain members, and for which data must be acquired; the other is the existence of conflicts between the members of the chain with respect to specific measures. Conventional data envelopment analysis (DEA) cannot be employed directly to measure the performance of supply chain and its members, because of the existence of the intermediate measures connecting the supply chain members. In this paper it is shown that a supply chain can be deemed as efficient while its members may be inefficient in DEA-terms. The current study develops several DEA-based approaches for characterizing and measuring supply chain efficiency when intermediate measures are incorporated into the performance evaluation. The models are illustrated in a seller-buyer supply chain context, when the relationship between the seller and buyer is treated first as one of leader-follower, and second as one that is cooperative. In the leader-follower structure, the leader is first evaluated, and then the follower is evaluated using information related to the leader's efficiency. In the cooperative structure, the joint efficiency which is modelled as the average of the seller's and buyer's efficiency scores is maximized, and both supply chain members are evaluated simultaneously. Non-linear programming problems are developed to solve these new supply chain efficiency models. It is shown that these DEA-based non-linear programs can be treated as parametric linear programming problems, and best solutions can be obtained via a heuristic technique. The approaches are demonstrated with a numerical example.  相似文献
3.
A DEA game model approach to supply chain efficiency   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is a useful method to evaluate the relative efficiency of peer decision making units (DMUs). Based upon the definitions of supply chain efficiency, we investigate the efficiency game between two supply chain members. It is shown that there exist numerous Nash equilibriums efficiency plans for the supplier and the manufacturer with respect to their efficiency functions. A bargaining model is then proposed to analyze the supplier and manufacturer's decision process and to determine the best efficiency plan strategy. DEA efficiency for supply chain operations is studied for the central control and the decentralized control cases. The current study is illustrated with a numerical example.  相似文献
4.
Preference voting and project ranking using DEA and cross-evaluation   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
Cook and Kress (1990), using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) as their starting point, proposed a procedure to rank order the candidates in a preferential election. Notionally, each candidate is permitted to choose the most favourable weights to be applied to his/her standings (first place, second place, etc. votes) in the usual DEA manner with the additional ‘assurance region’ restriction that the weight for a j place vote should be more than that for a j +1 amount. We consider that this freedom to choose weights is essentially illusory when maximum discrimination between the candidates is sought, in which case the weights used to evaluate and rank the candidates are as if imposed externally at the outset. To avoid this, we present an alternative procedure which retains Cook and Kress' central idea but where, as well as using each candidate's rating of him/herself, we now make use of each candidate's ratings of all the candidates. We regard the so-called cross-evaluation matrix as the summary of a self- and peer-rating process in which the candidates seek to interpret the voters preferences as favourably for themselves, relative to the other candidates, as possible. The problem then becomes one of establishing an overall rating for each candidate from these individual ratings. For this, for each candidate, we use a weighted average of all the candidates ratings of that candidate, where the weights themselves are in proportion to each candidate's overall rating. The overall ratings are therefore proportional to the components of the principal (left-hand) eigenvector of the cross-evaluation matrix. These ideas are then applied to the selection of R & D projects to comprise an R & D program, thus indicating thier wider applicability.  相似文献
5.
我国商业银行效率测度及其影响因素分析   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
本文首先采用DEA方法对1999-2004年我国14家商业银行的技术效率、纯技术效率、规模效率进行了测度,在此基础上利用Panel Data模型对影响我国银行效率的若干因素进行了检验,结果表明自有资本比率和资产费用率对银行效率有显著影响,贷款质量、资产市场份额与银行效率值之间呈现较弱的相关关系,产权结构多元化有利于提高银行效率.  相似文献
6.
非期望产出的DEA效率评价   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
将非期望产出作为投入应用到传统DEA模型上,解决了非期望产出生产活动的效率评价问题.结合生产可能集,将非期望产出直接反映到生产可能集中,建立了基于投入导向的径向和非径向两种DEA模型.并对两种DEA模型效率值的大小关系、相对有效性的等价性问题进行了证明,指出非径向DEA模型更能准确的实现效率定量评价.  相似文献
7.
有关DEA中评价与排序的新方法的探讨   总被引:4,自引:1,他引:3  
用新方法讨论了DEA中对决策单元的评价与排序,并研究了一些新问题.  相似文献
8.
DEA方法在城市社区建设绩效评价中的应用   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
本在运用主成分分析法对评价指标降维的基础上,应用数据包络分析方法对城市社区建设绩效进行了评价,找出了非有效决策单元及今后改进工作的方向,为有关部门提供管理信息和决策依据。  相似文献
9.
政府网站评估DEA模型   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
本文运用DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis)技术,建立了电子政务网站评估的DEA模型,并对全国28个省市的政府网站进行了详细的评估。该评估模型与目前常用的电子政务网站评估方法不同之处在于,不仅比较各网站的物理表征指标与服务内涵,还考虑到各省市的社会、经济发展基本指标。这样将电子政务的活动同其建设环境联系起来,更客观地评估人在电子政务中的能动作用,以及电子政府作为建设项目的投人产出效率。同时,利用DEA分析方法进行评价,还能向各网站提供如何改进网站的建设工作的指导信息,为有关部门对政府网站的评价和管理提供了一种新方法。  相似文献
10.
系统协同发展程度的DEA评价研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
协同发展是区域经济得以顺利、快速发展的客观要求和前提条件;是可持续发展基础性、前提性因素和实现手段.系统协同发展不是即生的,它是通过对原有系统不断的诊断、调整、评价,周而复始逐步实现的.对系统协同发展程度的评价是系统实现协同发展的前提、指导和路径.借助于DEA的方法,从系统协同发展的内容上,给出“协同”和“发展”的评价方法;从系统的结构上,给出系统内和系统间的“协同”和“发展”评价方法.  相似文献
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