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1.
We present a two-stage stochastic 0-1 modeling and a related algorithmic approach for Supply Chain Management under uncertainty, whose goal consists of determining the production topology, plant sizing, product selection, product allocation among plants and vendor selection for raw materials. The objective is the maximization of the expected benefit given by the product net profit over the time horizon minus the investment depreciation and operations costs. The main uncertain parameters are the product net price and demand, the raw material supply cost and the production cost. The first stage is included by the strategic decisions. The second stage is included by the tactical decisions. A tight 0-1 model for the deterministic version is presented. A splitting variable mathematical representation via scenario is presented for the stochastic version of the model. A two-stage version of a Branch and Fix Coordination (BFC) algorithmic approach is proposed for stochastic 0-1 program solving, and some computational experience is reported for cases with dozens of thousands of constraints and continuous variables and hundreds of 0-1 variables.  相似文献
2.
选择供应商组构方案的DEA方法   总被引:8,自引:0,他引:8  
以敏捷制造方式中制造资源的组构为背景 ,讨论了供应商组构问题的评价准则 ,并利用数据包络分析方法来解决供应商的评价问题 ,以及在非协作条件下组构方案的评价问题  相似文献
3.
随机需求下供应商管理库存的供应链模型   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
以一个供应商和一个零售商的两阶段供应链为背景,利用报童模型给出了供应商管理库存(VMI)的供应链模型,在需求服从均匀分布的条件下得出解析解,并与传统的零售商管理库存(RMI)系统作了比较,分析了这两种情况下批发价和订货量的变化.数值结果表明VMI导致了批发价的缩减,但提高了订货量,VMI减轻了双重边际效应,系统利润多于传统的RMI系统.  相似文献
4.
The paper analyses the problem of coordination in supply networks of multiple retailers and a single supplier, where partners have asymmetric, private information of demand and costs. After stating generic requirements like distributedness, truthfulness, efficiency and budget balance, we use the apparatus of mechanism design to devise a coordination mechanism that guarantees the above properties in the network. The resulting protocol is a novel realisation of the widely used Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) where the responsibility of planning is at the supplier. We prove that together with the required generic properties a fair sharing of risks and benefits cannot be guaranteed. We illustrate the general mechanism with a detailed discussion of a specialised version, assuming that inventory planning is done according to the newsvendor model, and explore the operation of this protocol through computational experiments.  相似文献
5.
较少被关注的IT外包服务商的核心竞争力问题日益凸显.在确立核心竞争力内容的基础上,构建了评价指标体系,考虑了各级指标的权重.运用属性测度理论建立了模糊综合评价模型,通过属性测度分析和置信度准则法,获得综合评价结果并揭示出分类指标的强弱分布.应用结果表面,该方法避免了指标分级的主观性并有助于服务商发现薄弱环节.  相似文献
6.
Simply looking for vendors offering the lowest prices is not “efficient sourcing” any more. Selection of suppliers is a multiple criteria decision. We propose a weighted linear program for the multi-criteria supplier selection problem. In addition to mathematical formulation, this paper studies a transformation technique which enables our proposed model to be solved without an optimizer. The model for multi-criteria supplier selection problem can be easily implemented with a spreadsheet package. The model can be widely applied to practical situations and does not require the user with any optimization background.  相似文献
7.
供应商管理库存的渠道利润优化分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文研究了供应链管理的渠道利润问题。对有确定需求、有初始库存和库存短缺的一种畅销商品,建立了供应商管理库存的渠道利润模型。通过对此模型的进一步分析,证明了在短期激励下供应商管理库存的渠道利润优于一般库存的渠道利润;也证明了在长期激励下,供应商管理库存可以产生比短期激励下更优的渠道利润,也优于一般库存的渠道利润。这一结果对于供应链环境下的库存管理在理论和工程上具有实际意义。  相似文献
8.
In this paper we consider a complex production-distribution system, where a facility produces (or orders from an external supplier) several items which are distributed to a set of retailers by a fleet of vehicles. We consider Vendor-Managed Inventory (VMI) policies, in which the facility knows the inventory levels of the retailers and takes care of their replenishment policies. The production (or ordering) policy, the retailers replenishment policies and the transportation policy have to be determined so as to minimize the total system cost. The cost includes the fixed and variable production costs at the facility, the inventory costs at the facility and at the retailers and the transportation costs, that is the fixed costs of the vehicles and the traveling costs. We study two different types of VMI policies: The order-up-to level policy, in which the order-up-to level quantity is shipped to each retailer whenever served (i.e. the quantity delivered to each retailer is such that the maximum level of the inventory at the retailer is reached) and the fill-fill-dump policy, in which the order-up-to level quantity is shipped to all but the last retailer on each delivery route, while the quantity delivered to the last retailer is the minimum between the order-up-to level quantity and the residual transportation capacity of the vehicle. We propose two different decompositions of the problem and optimal or heuristic procedures for the solution of the subproblems. We show that, for reasonable initial values of the variables, the order in which the subproblems are solved does not influence the final solution. We will first solve the distribution subproblem and then the production subproblem. The computational results show that the fill-fill-dump policy reduces the average cost with respect to the order-up-to level policy and that one of the decompositions is more effective. Moreover, we compare the VMI policies with the more traditional Retailer-Managed Inventory (RMI) policy and show that the VMI policies significantly reduce the average cost with respect to the RMI policy.  相似文献
9.
In the recent article, Darwish and Odah (2010) develop a scheme that allows for identical replenishment cycles for all the retailers, in the context of a single vendor supplying a group of retailers under VMI partnership. This paper proposes an alternative replenishment scheme allowing for different replenishment cycles for each retailer. An example has been shown to illustrate the cost savings under the proposed model.  相似文献
10.
This paper addresses the problem of collecting inventory of production at various plants having limited storage capacity, violation of which forces plant shutdowns. The production at plants is continuous (with known rates) and a fleet of vehicles need to be scheduled to transport the commodity from plants to a central storage or depot, possibly making multiple pickups at a given plant to avoid shutdown. One operational objective is to achieve the highest possible rate of product retrieval at the depot, relative to the total travel time of the fleet. This problem is a variant (and generalization) of the inventory routing problem. The motivating application for this paper is barge scheduling for oil pickup from off-shore oil-producing platforms with limited holding capacity, where shutdowns are prohibitively expensive. We develop a new model that is fundamentally different from standard node-arc or path formulations in the literature. The proposed model is based on assigning a unique position to each vehicle visit at a node in a chronological sequence of vehicle-nodal visits. This approach leads to substantial flexibility in modeling multiple visits to a node using multiple vehicles, while controlling the number of binary decision variables. Consequently, our position-based model solves larger model instances significantly more efficiently than the node-arc counterpart. Computational experience of the proposed model with the off-shore barge scheduling application is reported.  相似文献
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