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1.
三角形REISSNER—MINDLIN板元   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文提出构造无自锁现象的Reissuer-Mindlin板元的一个一般性方法.此方法将剪切应变用它的适当的插值多项式代替,当板厚趋于零时这对应于插值点的Kirchhoff条件,因而单元无自锁现象.根据这种方法我们构造两个三角形元──一个3节点元和一个6节点元,并给出数值结果.  相似文献
2.
Four quadrilateral elements for the Reissner-Mindlin plate model are considered. The elements are the stabilized MITC4 element of Lyly, Stenberg and Vihinen  (1933), the MIN4 element of Tessler and Hughes (1983), the Q4BL element of Zienkiewicz et al. (1993) and the FMIN4 element of Kikuchi and Ishii (1999). For all elements except the Q4BL element, a unifying variational formulation is introduced, and optimal H and L error bounds uniform in the plate thickness are proven. Moreover, we propose a modified Q4BL element and show that it admits the optimal H and L error bounds uniform in the plate thickness. In particular, we study the convergence behavior of all elements regarding the mesh distortion.

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3.
On arbitrary regular quadrilaterals, a new finite element method for the Reissner-Mindlin plate is proposed, where both transverse displacement and rotation are approximated by isoparametric bilinear elements, with local bubbles enriching rotation, and a local reduction operator is applied to the shear energy term. This new method gives optimal error bounds, uniform in the thickness of the plate, for both transverse displacement and rotation with respect to and norms.

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4.
In this paper, we extend two rectangular elements for Reissner-Mindlin plate [9] to the quadrilateral case. Optimal H and L error bounds independent of the plate hickness are derived under a mild assumption on the mesh partition.  相似文献
5.
Two new families of Reissner-Mindlin triangular finite elements are analyzed. One family, generalizing an element proposed by Zienkiewicz and Lefebvre, approximates (for the transverse displacement by continuous piecewise polynomials of degree , the rotation by continuous piecewise polynomials of degree plus bubble functions of degree , and projects the shear stress into the space of discontinuous piecewise polynomials of degree . The second family is similar to the first, but uses degree rather than degree continuous piecewise polynomials to approximate the rotation. We prove that for , the errors in the derivatives of the transverse displacement are bounded by and the errors in the rotation and its derivatives are bounded by and , respectively, for the first family, and by and , respectively, for the second family (with independent of the mesh size and plate thickness . These estimates are of optimal order for the second family, and so it is locking-free. For the first family, while the estimates for the derivatives of the transverse displacement are of optimal order, there is a deterioration of order in the approximation of the rotation and its derivatives for small, demonstrating locking of order . Numerical experiments using the lowest order elements of each family are presented to show their performance and the sharpness of the estimates. Additional experiments show the negative effects of eliminating the projection of the shear stress.

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6.
A new stabilized finite element method which is different from Hughes and Franco's (1988) is presented for the Reissner-Mindlin plate model. The least square mesh-dependent residual form of the shear constitute equation is added to the Partial Projection scheme to enhance the stability. Using piecewise polynomials of order k≥1 for the rotations, of order k+1 for the displacement and of order k-1 for the shear, the kth order error-estimates are obtained. Besides, our computing scheme can be also applied to some lower order elements. All error-estimates are obtained independent of the plate thickness, and the stability parameter is an arbitrary positive constant.  相似文献
7.
This paper deals with the approximation of the vibration modes of a plate modelled by the Reissner-Mindlin equations. It is well known that, in order to avoid locking, some kind of reduced integration or mixed interpolation has to be used when solving these equations by finite element methods. In particular, one of the most widely used procedures is the mixed interpolation tensorial components, based on the family of elements called MITC. We use the lowest order method of this family. Applying a general approximation theory for spectral problems, we obtain optimal order error estimates for the eigenvectors and the eigenvalues. Under mild assumptions, these estimates are valid with constants independent of the plate thickness. The optimal double order for the eigenvalues is derived from a corresponding -estimate for a load problem which is proven here. This optimal order -estimate is of interest in itself. Finally, we present several numerical examples showing the very good behavior of the numerical procedure even in some cases not covered by our theory.

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8.
MITC元的分析     
1 引言 有限元求解厚薄板通用的R-M(Reissner-Mindlin)模型板问题,单元只需具有C°连续性,这一点优于需具有C~1连续性的Kirchhoff模型薄板单元.但是当板厚趋于零时,通常的低阶C°元却不收敛,这就是所谓的Locking现象.Bathe和Brezzi等将R-M板模型转化成2阶椭园问题与Stokes问题的耦合形式,据此提出求解R-M板问题的混合扦值单元MITC~([1]、[2]、[3]):设挠度ω的形函数空间是W,转角β=(βx,βy)的形空间是B,在计算剪切应变时,分别将βx,βy按不同方式投影到空间和.数值结果表明这类单元具有很好的收敛性.本文分析MITC元,导出投影算子的显表达式,根据[5]关于Locking现象的一个数学分析,证明当板厚趋于零时,投影算子的选取方式使剪切应变部分对应于特定点上的Kirchhoff条件,引起Locking现象的因素被消除,从而显式证明MITC元避免了Locking 现象. 2 MITC元的整体性质 考虑R-M板弯曲问题,求挠度,转角,使下列板的能量泛函达极小: (1) (2) 其中E是杨氏模量,υ是Possion比,0<υ<1/2,t是板厚,k是剪力校正因子,Ω是板的中面占有的平面区域,f是横向荷载.(1)的第一项是弯曲应变能,第二项是剪切应变能. 设有限元空间是W_h×B_h,W_hH_0~1(Ω),B_h[H_0~1(Ω)]~2,J_h是Ω的单元部分,Ω=K,K是单元,对(1)的直接离散是求(  相似文献
9.
§1.Introduction  Manypapers(see[14,6])paymuchattentiontotheboundarylayerforplatemodelproblem.Boundarylayermeansthatthesolutionchangessharplyalongthenormaldirectionoftheboundary,itcausesthedifferenceamongvariouskindsofplatemodels,andalsoitbringsdifficulties…  相似文献
10.
1 Introduction In recent years, a lot of work for the Mindlin-Reissner (R-M) plate model has been done in the engineering and mathematical literatures (see [1-5, 7-15, 17] and references therein). As one knows, one of the most important problems is how to…  相似文献
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