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91. Introduction\Nb consider thc fOllowing problemwhere Q = fl x I0, l], fl C R2 is a bounded smooth domaill, g f Z = afl x I0, l] - Sl is aC""-map such that deg(g,0O.) = d > 0 fOr all 0 5 = 5 l. Herc fl. = n x {z}. fi f Q --+ Ris a smooth function (sa}' C'(Q)) with positivc lowcr bound. ue t Q x R+ - R2.The aim of this article is to understand thc dynamics of vortices, or zeros, of solutionsu of (l.1)--(l.4). lts importance to the theory of superconductivity and applications areaddress…  相似文献
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Ginzburg-Landau方程动力性态的Fourier谱逼近   总被引：2，自引：0，他引：2
0　引言和符号立方Schrodinger方程或更一般的形式Ginzburg-Landau方程出现在许多物理和化学问题中.例如在非线性光学的细束流中有方程2ikux+2⊥u+n2n0k2|u|2u=0对于二维流,有方程n2n0k2|u|2u=-2kiut-uxx-uyy还有等离子体的Langmuir波;一维单色波的自调制;二维定态平面波的自聚集;在非相对论下超导电子对在电磁场中运动等均可用非线性Schrodinger方程和Ginzburg-Landau方程来描述[1-4].另外,反应扩散方程描述的化学反应方程的研究中也出现Ginzburg-Landau方程,如相对于稳态浓度c*的扰动浓度c-c*就满足Ginzburg-Landau方程[5,6].由…  相似文献
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Traveling waves in the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation   总被引：1，自引：0，他引：1
Summary In this paper we consider a modulation (or amplitude) equation that appears in the nonlinear stability analysis of reversible or nearly reversible systems. This equation is the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation with coefficients with small imaginary parts. We regard this equation as a perturbation of the real Ginzburg-Landau equation and study the persistence of the properties of the stationary solutions of the real equation under this perturbation. First we show that it is necessary to consider a two-parameter family of traveling solutions with wave speedυ and (temporal) frequencyθ; these solutions are the natural continuations of the stationary solutions of the real equation. We show that there exists a two-parameter family of traveling quasiperiodic solutions that can be regarded as a direct continuation of the two-parameter family of spatially quasi-periodic solutions of the integrable stationary real Ginzburg-Landau equation. We explicitly determine a region in the (wave speedυ, frequencyθ)-parameter space in which the weakly complex Ginzburg-Landau equation has traveling quasi-periodic solutions. There are two different one-parameter families of heteroclinic solutions in the weakly complex case. One of them consists of slowly varying plane waves; the other is directly related to the analytical solutions due to Bekki & Nozaki . These solutions correspond to traveling localized structures that connect two different periodic patterns. The connections correspond to a one-parameter family of heteroclinic cycles in an o.d.e. reduction. This family of cycles is obtained by determining the limit behaviour of the traveling quasi-periodic solutions as the period of the amplitude goes to ∞. Therefore, the heteroclinic cycles merge into the stationary homoclinic solution of the real Ginzburg-Landau equation in the limit in which the imaginary terms disappear.  相似文献
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On the validity of the Ginzburg-Landau equation   总被引：1，自引：0，他引：1
Summary The famous Ginzburg-Landau equation describes nonlinear amplitude modulations of a wave perturbation of a basic pattern when a control parameterR lies in the unstable regionO(ε 2) away from the critical valueR c for which the system loses stability. Hereε>0 is a small parameter. G-L's equation is found for a general class of nonlinear evolution problems including several classical problems from hydrodynamics and other fields of physics and chemistry. Up to now, the rigorous derivation of G-L's equation for general situations is not yet completed. This was only demonstrated for special types of solutions (steady, time periodic) or for special problems (the Swift-Hohenberg equation). Here a mathematically rigorous proof of the validity of G-L's equation is given for a general situation of one space variable and a quadratic nonlinearity. Validity is meant in the following sense. For each given initial condition in a suitable Banach space there exists a unique bounded solution of the initial value problem for G-L's equation on a finite interval of theO(1/ε2)-long time scale intrinsic to the modulation. For such a finite time interval of the intrinsic modulation time scale on which the initial value problem for G-L's equation has a bounded solution, the initial value problem for the original evolution equation with corresponding initial conditions, has a unique solutionO2) — close to the approximation induced by the solution of G-L's equation. This property guarantees that, for rather general initial conditions on the intrinsic modulation time scale, the behavior of solutions of G-L's equation is really inherited from solutions of the original problem, and the other way around: to a solution of G-L's equation corresponds a nearby exact solution with a relatively small error.  相似文献
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We study standing wave solutions in a Ginzburg-Landau equation which consists of a cubic-quintic equation stabilized by global coupling

We classify the existence and stability of all possible standing wave solutions.
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