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1.
91. Introduction\Nb consider thc fOllowing problemwhere Q = fl x I0, l], fl C R2 is a bounded smooth domaill, g f Z = afl x I0, l] - Sl is aC""-map such that deg(g,0O.) = d > 0 fOr all 0 5 = 5 l. Herc fl. = n x {z}. fi f Q --+ Ris a smooth function (sa}' C'(Q)) with positivc lowcr bound. ue t Q x R+ - R2.The aim of this article is to understand thc dynamics of vortices, or zeros, of solutionsu of (l.1)--(l.4). lts importance to the theory of superconductivity and applications areaddress…  相似文献
2.
Ginzburg-Landau方程动力性态的Fourier谱逼近   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
0 引言和符号立方Schrodinger方程或更一般的形式Ginzburg-Landau方程出现在许多物理和化学问题中.例如在非线性光学的细束流中有方程2ikux+2⊥u+n2n0k2|u|2u=0对于二维流,有方程n2n0k2|u|2u=-2kiut-uxx-uyy还有等离子体的Langmuir波;一维单色波的自调制;二维定态平面波的自聚集;在非相对论下超导电子对在电磁场中运动等均可用非线性Schrodinger方程和Ginzburg-Landau方程来描述[1-4].另外,反应扩散方程描述的化学反应方程的研究中也出现Ginzburg-Landau方程,如相对于稳态浓度c*的扰动浓度c-c*就满足Ginzburg-Landau方程[5,6].由…  相似文献
3.
三维复Ginzburg-Landau方程的整体解的存在惟一性   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
在三维空间中研究带2σ次非线性项的复值Ginzburg—Landau方程(CGL) ut=ρu (1 iγ)△u-(1 iμ)|u|^2σu,通过先验估计的方法,在适当的σ的假设下,获得该方程周期边值问题整体解的存在性和惟一性.  相似文献
4.
非自治Ginzburg-Landau方程的周期解和全局周期吸引子   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
研究受周期外力影响的非自治Ginzburg-Landau方程的解的长时间行为.首先证明系统在空间H上存在周期解,而且周期解包含在空间V中的一个有界吸收集内.然后证明了当耗散系数λ满足一定条件时,该系统在空间H上具有唯一的周期解,该周期解指数吸引H中的任意有界集.  相似文献
5.
中国国债市场收益率的统计特征分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
首先通过采用基于各个国债之间相关性的距离测度方法,对修正后的国债日收益率时间序列进行了聚类分析,将上海证券交易所的20只国债分成了5类,分类结果显示我国国债市场中的各个国债日收益率之间的相关性程度是很明显地依赖于它们的到期时间的。同时,研究了每一个国债修正后日收益率时间序列的价格波动结构,结果表明中国的国债市场也表现出非常明显的多标度分形特征,还发现属于同一类国债的多标度特征具有很强的自相似性,而不同类型国债之间的多标度特征则具有一定程度上的差异性。  相似文献
6.
Traveling waves in the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Summary In this paper we consider a modulation (or amplitude) equation that appears in the nonlinear stability analysis of reversible or nearly reversible systems. This equation is the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation with coefficients with small imaginary parts. We regard this equation as a perturbation of the real Ginzburg-Landau equation and study the persistence of the properties of the stationary solutions of the real equation under this perturbation. First we show that it is necessary to consider a two-parameter family of traveling solutions with wave speedυ and (temporal) frequencyθ; these solutions are the natural continuations of the stationary solutions of the real equation. We show that there exists a two-parameter family of traveling quasiperiodic solutions that can be regarded as a direct continuation of the two-parameter family of spatially quasi-periodic solutions of the integrable stationary real Ginzburg-Landau equation. We explicitly determine a region in the (wave speedυ, frequencyθ)-parameter space in which the weakly complex Ginzburg-Landau equation has traveling quasi-periodic solutions. There are two different one-parameter families of heteroclinic solutions in the weakly complex case. One of them consists of slowly varying plane waves; the other is directly related to the analytical solutions due to Bekki & Nozaki [3]. These solutions correspond to traveling localized structures that connect two different periodic patterns. The connections correspond to a one-parameter family of heteroclinic cycles in an o.d.e. reduction. This family of cycles is obtained by determining the limit behaviour of the traveling quasi-periodic solutions as the period of the amplitude goes to ∞. Therefore, the heteroclinic cycles merge into the stationary homoclinic solution of the real Ginzburg-Landau equation in the limit in which the imaginary terms disappear.  相似文献
7.
On the validity of the Ginzburg-Landau equation   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Summary The famous Ginzburg-Landau equation describes nonlinear amplitude modulations of a wave perturbation of a basic pattern when a control parameterR lies in the unstable regionO(ε 2) away from the critical valueR c for which the system loses stability. Hereε>0 is a small parameter. G-L's equation is found for a general class of nonlinear evolution problems including several classical problems from hydrodynamics and other fields of physics and chemistry. Up to now, the rigorous derivation of G-L's equation for general situations is not yet completed. This was only demonstrated for special types of solutions (steady, time periodic) or for special problems (the Swift-Hohenberg equation). Here a mathematically rigorous proof of the validity of G-L's equation is given for a general situation of one space variable and a quadratic nonlinearity. Validity is meant in the following sense. For each given initial condition in a suitable Banach space there exists a unique bounded solution of the initial value problem for G-L's equation on a finite interval of theO(1/ε2)-long time scale intrinsic to the modulation. For such a finite time interval of the intrinsic modulation time scale on which the initial value problem for G-L's equation has a bounded solution, the initial value problem for the original evolution equation with corresponding initial conditions, has a unique solutionO2) — close to the approximation induced by the solution of G-L's equation. This property guarantees that, for rather general initial conditions on the intrinsic modulation time scale, the behavior of solutions of G-L's equation is really inherited from solutions of the original problem, and the other way around: to a solution of G-L's equation corresponds a nearby exact solution with a relatively small error.  相似文献
8.
在假定外加磁场|h_(ex)|=o(|lnε|)以及涡旋能量以|lnε|阶爆破的前提下,借助几何测度论工具,分析了三维Ginzburg-Landau超导方程涡旋集的结构.粗略地说,它是由线段构成的一维可求长集合.  相似文献
9.
We study standing wave solutions in a Ginzburg-Landau equation which consists of a cubic-quintic equation stabilized by global coupling


We classify the existence and stability of all possible standing wave solutions.

  相似文献

10.
本文研究四阶Ginzburg-Landau型方程的初值问题,通过建立一般半线性抛物方程的Lτ-解和Hs-解之间的联系,获得该方程的整体Hs-解的存在唯一性(s=1、2)。  相似文献
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