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1.
基于变参数模型的中国能源消费经济增长关系研究   总被引:22,自引:0,他引:22  
本文利用1953—2002年的统计数据和状态空间模型对中国能源消费与经济增长关系进行了研究。我们的结论是:(1)中国能源消费与经济增长之间存在一种随时间不断变化的长期均衡关系即变参数协整关系;(2)基于状态空间模型的变参数估计很好地揭示了中国能源消费弹性的时变规律。  相似文献
2.
Seven kinds of monotone maps   总被引:20,自引:0,他引:20  
Known as well as new types of monotone and generalized monotone maps are considered. For gradient maps, these generalized monotonicity properties can be related to generalized convexity properties of the underlying function. In this way, pure first-order characterizations of various types of generalized convex functions are obtained.  相似文献
3.
Robust discrete optimization and network flows   总被引:16,自引:0,他引:16  
We propose an approach to address data uncertainty for discrete optimization and network flow problems that allows controlling the degree of conservatism of the solution, and is computationally tractable both practically and theoretically. In particular, when both the cost coefficients and the data in the constraints of an integer programming problem are subject to uncertainty, we propose a robust integer programming problem of moderately larger size that allows controlling the degree of conservatism of the solution in terms of probabilistic bounds on constraint violation. When only the cost coefficients are subject to uncertainty and the problem is a 0–1 discrete optimization problem on n variables, then we solve the robust counterpart by solving at most n+1 instances of the original problem. Thus, the robust counterpart of a polynomially solvable 0–1 discrete optimization problem remains polynomially solvable. In particular, robust matching, spanning tree, shortest path, matroid intersection, etc. are polynomially solvable. We also show that the robust counterpart of an NP-hard -approximable 0–1 discrete optimization problem, remains -approximable. Finally, we propose an algorithm for robust network flows that solves the robust counterpart by solving a polynomial number of nominal minimum cost flow problems in a modified network. The research of the author was partially supported by the Singapore-MIT alliance.The research of the author is supported by a graduate scholarship from the National University of Singapore.Mathematics Subject Classification (2000): 90C10, 90C15  相似文献
4.
From Scalar to Vector Equilibrium Problems in the Quasimonotone Case   总被引:15,自引:0,他引:15  
In a unified approach, existence results for quasimonotone vector equilibrium problems and quasimonotone (multivalued) vector variational inequality problems are derived from an existence result for a scalar equilibrium problem involving two (rather than one) quasimonotone bifunctions. The results in the vector case are not only obtained in a new way, but they are also stronger versions of earlier existence results.  相似文献
5.
二(双)层规划综述   总被引:15,自引:0,他引:15  
二(双)层规划是研究二层决策的递阶优化问题.其理论、方法和应用在过去的30多年取得了很大的发展.本文对二层规划问题的基本概念、性质和算法作了综述,并且对下层规划问题的解不唯一的情况也作了介绍,最后还给出了几种常见的二层规划模型.  相似文献
6.
Generalized monotone bifunctions and equilibrium problems   总被引:13,自引:0,他引:13  
Using quasimonotone and pseudomonotone bifunctions, we derive existence results for the following equilibrium problem: given a closed and convex subsetK of a real topological vector space, find such that for allyK. In addtion, we study the solution set and the uniquencess of a solution. The paper generalizes results obtained recently for variational inequalities.  相似文献
7.
Iterative methods for variational and complementarity problems   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
In this paper, we study both the local and global convergence of various iterative methods for solving the variational inequality and the nonlinear complementarity problems. Included among such methods are the Newton and several successive overrelaxation algorithms. For the most part, the study is concerned with the family of linear approximation methods. These are iterative methods in which a sequence of vectors is generated by solving certain linearized subproblems. Convergence to a solution of the given variational or complementarity problem is established by using three different yet related approaches. The paper also studies a special class of variational inequality problems arising from such applications as computing traffic and economic spatial equilibria. Finally, several convergence results are obtained for some nonlinear approximation methods.This research was based on work supported by the National Science Foundation under grant ECS-7926320.  相似文献
8.
Financing newsvendor inventory   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
If the cost of borrowing is not too high, the capital-constrained newsvendor borrows funds to procure an amount that is less than would be ideal. The lender charges an interest rate that decreases in the newsvendor’s equity. Furthermore, we derived a non-linear loan schedule that coordinates the channel.  相似文献
9.
On the on-line rent-or-buy problem in probabilistic environments   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
Fujiwara and Iwama [In: The 13th Annual International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation, pp. 476–488 (2002)] first integrated probability distribution into the classical competitive analysis to study the rental problem. They assumed that the future inputs are drawn from an exponential distribution, and obtained the optimal competitive strategy and the competitive ratio by the derivative method. In this paper, we introduce the interest rate and tax rate into the continuous model of Fujiwra and Iwama [In: The 13th Annual International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation, pp. 476–488 (2002)]. Moreover, we use the forward difference method in different probabilistic environments to consider discrete leasing models both with and without the interest rate. We not only give the optimal competitive strategies and their competitive ratios in theory, but also give numerical results. We find that with the introduction of the interest rate and tax rate, the uncertainty involved in the process of decision making will diminish and the optimal purchasing date will be put off.  相似文献
10.
For three-objective maximization problems involving continuous, semistrictly quasiconcave functions over a compact convex set, it is shown that the set of efficient solutions is connected. With that, an open problem stated by Choo, Schaible, and Chew in 1985 is solved.  相似文献
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