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1.
For weakly stationary random fields, conditions on coefficients of linear dependence are given which are, respectively, sufficient for the existence of a continuous spectral density, and necessary and sufficient for the existence of a continuous positive spectral density. For strictly stationary random fields, central limit theorems are proved under the corresponding unrestricted -mixing condition and just finite or barely infinite second moments. No mixing rate is assumed.  相似文献
2.
Bayesian image restoration, with two applications in spatial statistics   总被引:23,自引:0,他引:23  
There has been much recent interest in Bayesian image analysis, including such topics as removal of blur and noise, detection of object boundaries, classification of textures, and reconstruction of two- or three-dimensional scenes from noisy lower-dimensional views. Perhaps the most straightforward task is that of image restoration, though it is often suggested that this is an area of relatively minor practical importance. The present paper argues the contrary, since many problems in the analysis of spatial data can be interpreted as problems of image restoration. Furthermore, the amounts of data involved allow routine use of computer intensive methods, such as the Gibbs sampler, that are not yet practicable for conventional images. Two examples are given, one in archeology, the other in epidemiology. These are preceded by a partial review of pixel-based Bayesian image analysis.An earlier version of this article was presented at the symposium on the Analysis of Statistical Information held in the Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Tokyo during December 5–8, 1989.This research was carried out partly at the University of Durham, U.K., with the support of an award by the Complex Stochastic Systems Initiative of the Science and Engineering Research Council.  相似文献
3.
Necessary and sufficient conditions in constrained optimization   总被引:22,自引:0,他引:22  
Additional conditions are attached to the Kuhn-Tucker conditions giving a set of conditions which are both necessary and sufficient for optimality in constrained optimization, under appropriate constraint qualifications. Necessary and sufficient conditions are also given for optimality of the dual problem. Duality and converse duality are treated accordingly.  相似文献
4.
A contribution to large deviations for heavy-tailed random sums   总被引:22,自引:0,他引:22  
In this paper we consider the large deviations for random sums , whereX n,n⩾1 are independent, identically distributed and non-negative random variables with a common heavy-tailed distribution function F, andN(t), t⩾0 is a process of non-negative integer-valued random variables, independent ofX n,n⩾1. Under the assumption that the tail of F is of Pareto’s type (regularly or extended regularly varying), we investigate what reasonable condition can be given onN(t), t⩾0 under which precise large deviation for S( t) holds. In particular, the condition we obtain is satisfied for renewal counting processes.  相似文献
5.
Efficient Global Optimization of Expensive Black-Box Functions   总被引:20,自引:0,他引:20  
In many engineering optimization problems, the number of function evaluations is severely limited by time or cost. These problems pose a special challenge to the field of global optimization, since existing methods often require more function evaluations than can be comfortably afforded. One way to address this challenge is to fit response surfaces to data collected by evaluating the objective and constraint functions at a few points. These surfaces can then be used for visualization, tradeoff analysis, and optimization. In this paper, we introduce the reader to a response surface methodology that is especially good at modeling the nonlinear, multimodal functions that often occur in engineering. We then show how these approximating functions can be used to construct an efficient global optimization algorithm with a credible stopping rule. The key to using response surfaces for global optimization lies in balancing the need to exploit the approximating surface (by sampling where it is minimized) with the need to improve the approximation (by sampling where prediction error may be high). Striking this balance requires solving certain auxiliary problems which have previously been considered intractable, but we show how these computational obstacles can be overcome.  相似文献
6.
Moment inequalities and weak convergence for negatively associated sequences   总被引:18,自引:0,他引:18  
A probability inequality for Sn and somepth moment (p⩾2) inequalities for |Sn| and max 1⩽k⩽n | Sk| are established. Here Sn is the partial sum of a negatively associated sequence. Based on these inequalities, a weak invariance principle for strictly stationary negatively associated sequences is proved under some general conditions. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Doctoral Program Foundation of the State Education Commission of China and the High Eductional Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province.  相似文献
7.
Characterizations on Heavy—tailed Distributions by Means of Hazard Rate   总被引:15,自引:0,他引:15  
Let F(x) be a distribution function supp0orted on[0,∞),with an equilibrium distribution function Fe(x).In this paper we shall study the function re(x)=(-in -↑Fe(x))′=-↑Fe(x)/∫x^∞-↑Fe(u)du,which is called the equilibrium hazard rate of F.By the limiting behavior of re(x) we give a criterion to identify F to be heavy-tailed or light-tailed.Two broad classes of heavy-tailed distributions are also introduced and strdied.↑  相似文献
8.
In the classical inventory economic order quantity (or EOQ) model, it was assumed that the purchaser must pay for the items received immediately. However, in practices, the supplier usually is willing to provide the purchaser a permissible delay of payments if the purchaser orders a large quantity. As a result, in this paper, we establish an EOQ model for deteriorating items, in which the supplier provides a permissible delay to the purchaser if the order quantity is greater than or equal to a predetermined quantity. We then characterize the optimal solution and provide an easy-to-use algorithm to find the optimal order quantity and replenishment time. Finally, several numerical examples are given to illustrate the theoretical results.  相似文献
9.
On the pricing of American options   总被引:13,自引:0,他引:13  
The problem of valuation for contingent claims that can be exercised at any time before or at maturity, such as American options, is discussed in the manner of Bensoussan [1]. We offer an approach which both simplifies and extends the results of existing theory on this topic.Research supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. NSF-DMS-84-16736 and by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under Grant No. F49620-85-C-0144.  相似文献
10.
具有两种因果关系逻辑分析模型的稳定性结构   总被引:10,自引:0,他引:10  
一种合适的可以分析一个复杂系统的稳定性的逻辑模型,无疑是可用于物理、化学以及其他科学学科.利用由多边矩阵理论定义的正交性及对称性,我们提出一种具有两种因果关系的稳定性逻辑分析模型,这种稳定的逻辑分析模型结构清晰和简单,而在分析一个复杂系统的稳定性时常常是成功的,并且可用于解决许多复杂问题.作为应用,我们给出几个例子.  相似文献
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