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1.
核实数据下响应变量缺失的线性EV模型经验似然推断   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
考虑响应变量随机缺失而协变量带有误差的线性模型,借助于核实数据和借补方法,构造了回归系数的两种经验似然比,证明了所提出的估计的经验对数似然比渐近于一个自由度为1的独立χ2变量的加权和;而经调整后所得的调整经验对数似然比渐近于自由度为p的χ2分布,该结果可以用来构造未知参数的置信域.此外,我们也构造了响应均值的调整经验对数似然比统计量,并证明了所提出的统计量渐近于x2分布,可用此结果构造响应均值的置信域.通过模拟研究比较了置信域的精度及其平均区间长度.  相似文献
2.
核实数据下非线性EV模型中经验似然降维推断   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
方连娣  胡凤霞 《数学杂志》2012,32(1):113-120
本文研究了响应变量有误差的非线性模型.应用半参数降维技术构造未知参数的被估计经验似然及调整的经验似然,证明了所提出的被估计的经验对数似然与其调整的经验对数似然分别渐近于独立卡方变量加权和的分布与标准卡方分布,所得结果可用来构造未知参数的置信域.  相似文献
3.
Some new bounds on the spectral radius of matrices   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
A new lower bound on the smallest eigenvalue τ(AB) for the Fan product of two nonsingular M-matrices A and B is given. Meanwhile, we also obtain a new upper bound on the spectral radius ρ(A°B) for nonnegative matrices A and B. These bounds improve some results of Huang (2008) [R. Huang, Some inequalities for the Hadamard product and the Fan product of matrices, Linear Algebra Appl. 428 (2008) 1551-1559].  相似文献
4.
基于WEGN模型对我国主要城市气温的模拟和预测   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文对我国10个主要城市气温指标建立了天气发生器模型,用Fourier分析和时间序列的方法进行建模,用统计模拟的方法分别生成了一年的气温数据,来对当地的气温指标进行了预测。在此基础上,我们对模型进行了改进,通过增加模拟次数,建立了全年日均气温的点估计和区间估计.最后,以三个实例验证了改进模型。  相似文献
5.
This paper studies the generalized state density (GDOS) of near-historical extreme events of a set of independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) random variables. The generalized density of states is proposed which is defined as a probability density function (p.d.f.). For the underlying distribution in the domain of attraction of the three well-known extreme value distribution families, we show the approximate form of the mean GDOS. Estimates of the mean GDOS are presented when the underlying distribution is unknown and the sample size is sufficiently large. Some simulations have been performed, which are found to agree with the theoretical results. The closing price data of the Dow-Jones industrial index are used to illustrate the obtained results.  相似文献
6.
有随机投资回报的随机保费模型的渐近破产概率(英文)   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文研究了随机投资回报环境下扰动的随机保费模型的破产问题.利用鞅方法和随机分析的理论讨论了盈余过程的一些基本性质,得到了一个可以用来求解破产时刻的Laplace变换的积分微分方程,结果推广了已有的随机投资问报风险模型的结论.  相似文献
7.
In classical Bühlmann credibility models, claims are assumed to be independent between different risks. In many practical situations, however, this assumption may be violated because there are situations that could drive possible relationship among the insured individuals. This paper aims to extend the Bühlmann and Bühlmann-Straub credibility models to account for a special type of dependence between risks induced by common stochastic effects. By means of the projection method, the corresponding credibility premiums are obtained, which generalize some well known existing results in credibility theory.  相似文献
8.
In this paper we consider the dividend payments and capital injections control problem in a dual risk model. Such a model might be appropriate for a company that specializes in inventions and discoveries, which pays costs continuously and has occasional profits. The objective is to maximize the expected present value of the dividends minus the discounted costs of capital injections. This paper can be considered as an extension of Yao et al. (2010), we include fixed transaction costs incurred by capital injections in this paper. This leads to an impulse control problem. Using the techniques of quasi-variational inequalities (QVI), this optimal control problem is solved. Numerical solutions are provided to illustrate the idea and methodologies, and some interesting economic insights are included.  相似文献
9.
Method of sequential mesh on Koopman-Darmois distributions   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
For costly and/or destructive tests,the sequential method with a proper maximum sample size is needed.Based on Koopman-Darmois distributions,this paper proposes the method of sequential mesh,which has an acceptable maximum sample size.In comparison with the popular truncated sequential probability ratio test,our method has the advantage of a smaller maximum sample size and is especially applicable for costly and/or destructive tests.  相似文献
10.
On the Distributions of Two Classes of Multiple Dependent Aggregate Claims   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
In this paper we examine two classes of correlated aggregate claims distributions, with univariate claim counts and multivariate claim sizes. Firstly, we extend the results of Hesselager [ASTIN Bulletin, 24: 19-32(1994)] and Wang & Sobrero's [ASTIN Bulletin, 24:161-166 (1994)] concerning recursions for compound distributions to a multivariate situation where each claim event generates a random vector. Then we give a multivariate continuous version of recursive algorithm for calculating a family of compound distribution. Especially, to some extent, we obtain a continuous version of the corresponding results in Sundt [ASTIN Bulletin, 29:29-45 (1999)] and Ambagaspitiya [Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, 24:301-308 (1999)]. Finally, we give an example and show how to use the algorithm for aggregate claim distribution of first class to compute recursively the compound distribution.  相似文献
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