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1.
基于变参数模型的中国能源消费经济增长关系研究   总被引:22,自引:0,他引:22  
本文利用1953—2002年的统计数据和状态空间模型对中国能源消费与经济增长关系进行了研究。我们的结论是:(1)中国能源消费与经济增长之间存在一种随时间不断变化的长期均衡关系即变参数协整关系;(2)基于状态空间模型的变参数估计很好地揭示了中国能源消费弹性的时变规律。  相似文献
2.
变系数广义线性模型及其估计   总被引:8,自引:0,他引:8  
本文以经典广义线性模型为基础,通过假定其中的回归变量的系数是某一度量空间中点的任意函数,提出了一类有广泛应用背景的变系数广义线性模型,增加了模型的灵活性和适应性,同时也适用于空间数据的统计分析。基于局部加权最大似然估计方法,文章讨论了变系数广义线性模型的拟合与统计推断,以及与之相关的局部权系统和其中光滑参数的确定。  相似文献
3.
基于vague集投影及距离的模糊多指标决策   总被引:7,自引:1,他引:6  
提出了两个vague值投影和距离的概念,并在此基础上给出了考虑指标权重影响的基于vague集投影和距离的多指标模糊决策方法.在这个方法中,利用候选方案在理想方案上的投影和距离来求出最佳方案.此方法与文献现有的应用vague集相似度度量进行决策的方法相比较,新方法更加合理且弥补了现有方法的不足之处.最后对实例进行分析计算,算例验证了该方法的有效性.  相似文献
4.
复杂系统的离散质量生存决策   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
在复杂系统的质量生存交互决策中,引入了最大质量生存函数W*的概念.为得到W*的数值计算方法,本文系统地研究了离散质量生存(交互)决策和最大离散质量生存函数,推导出最大离散质量生存函数的递归算法,最后用离散算法获得最大Q-生存函数W*的两类离散近似解:有限近似离散近似解和加厚法离散近似解,并给出近似解的收敛性证明.  相似文献
5.
In our model, the insurer is allowed to buy reinsurance and invest in a risk-free asset and a risky asset. The claim process is assumed to follow a Brownian motion with drift, while the price process of the risky asset is described by the constant elasticity of variance (CEV) model. The Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equation associated with the optimal reinsurance and investment strategies is established, and solutions are found for insurers with CRRA or CARRA utility.  相似文献
6.
弱闭T(N)-模的预零化子的等距映射   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
骆建文  陆芳言 《数学学报》2003,46(1):131-136
本文刻划了弱闭T(N)-模的预零化子间的等距映射.设u,W分别为由左连续序同态N→~N和N→~N所确定的弱闭T(N)-模, u(?),W(?)分别为u,W的预零化子,Φ为由u(?)到W(?)上的线性等距映射.若(0)*=(0)#=(0),dim(0)+≠1且min{dim(H(?)~H),dim(He(?)^H)}≥2,则存在酉算子Ui,Vi(i=1,2),使得Φ(A)=U1AV*1或Φ(A)=U2A*V2*.  相似文献
7.
In this paper, we study the pricing problem in a fuzzy supply chain that consists of a manufacturer and two competitive retailers. There is a single product produced by a manufacturer and then sold by two competitive retailers to the consumers. The manufacturer acting as a leader determines the wholesale price, and the retailers acting as the followers set their sale prices independently. Both the manufacturing cost and the demand for product are characterized as fuzzy variables, we analyze how the manufacturer and the retailers make their pricing decisions with the duopolistic retailers’ different behaviors: competition strategy and collusion strategy, and develop the expected value models in this paper. Finally, numerical examples illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed two-echelon models using fuzzy set theory.  相似文献
8.
A VIKOR-based method for hesitant fuzzy multi-criteria decision making   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Since it was firstly introduced by Torra and Narukawa (The 18th IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems, Jeju Island, Korea, 2009, pp. 1378–1382), the hesitant fuzzy set has attracted more and more attention due to its powerfulness and efficiency in representing uncertainty and vagueness. This paper extends the classical VIKOR (vlsekriterijumska optimizacija i kompromisno resenje in serbian) method to accommodate hesitant fuzzy circumstances. Motivated by the hesitant normalized Manhattan distance, we develop the hesitant normalized Manhattan $L_p$ —metric, the hesitant fuzzy group utility measure, the hesitant fuzzy individual regret measure, and the hesitant fuzzy compromise measure. Based on these new measures, we propose a hesitant fuzzy VIKOR method, and a practical example is provided to show that our method is very effective in solving multi-criteria decision making problems with hesitant preference information.  相似文献
9.
竞争力研究的新视角:动力学理论分析框架   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
突破基于指标体系评估的静态分析模式,提出了竞争力研究的新视角,建立动力学理论分析框架.提出了竞争力场模型,包括竞争强度、竞争势、要素密度、要素极化等定义及其表达方式,并创建竞争场能、竞争场信息熵的概念和数学模型.给出了竞争场的高斯定理与环路定理,并证明了竞争场信息熵的凸性定理及其极大熵原理.最后指出了竞争力的动力学理论研究的进一步发展方向.  相似文献
10.
Simulating complex social behaviour with the genetic action tree kernel   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
The concept of genetic action trees combines action trees with genetic algorithms. In this paper, we create a multi-agent simulation on the base of this concept and provide the interested reader with a software package to apply genetic action trees in a multi-agent simulation to simulate complex social behaviour. An example model is introduced to conduct a feasibility study with the described method. We find that our library can be used to simulate the behaviour of agents in a complex setting and observe a convergence to a global optimum in spite of the absence of stable states.
Thomas PitzEmail:
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