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1.
Quotients of Some Finite Universal Locally Projective Polytopes   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
   Abstract. This paper classifies the quotients of a finite and locally projective polytope of type {4,3,5} . Seventy quotients are found, including three regular polytopes, and nine other section regular polytopes which are themselves locally projective. The classification is done with the assistance of GAP, a computer system for algebraic computation. The same techniques are also applied to two finite locally projective polytopes respectively of type {3,5,3} and {5,3,5} . No nontrivial quotients of the latter are found.  相似文献
2.
This paper proposes an integrated model and a modified solution method for solving supply chain network design problems under uncertainty. The stochastic supply chain network design model is provided as a two-stage stochastic program where the two stages in the decision-making process correspond to the strategic and tactical decisions. The uncertainties are mostly found in the tactical stage because most tactical parameters are not fully known when the strategic decisions have to be made. The main uncertain parameters are the operational costs, the customer demand and capacity of the facilities. In the improved solution method, the sample average approximation technique is integrated with the accelerated Benders’ decomposition approach to improvement of the mixed integer linear programming solution phase. The surrogate constraints method will be utilized to acceleration of the decomposition algorithm. A computational study on randomly generated data sets is presented to highlight the efficiency of the proposed solution method. The computational results show that the modified sample average approximation method effectively expedites the computational procedure in comparison with the original approach.  相似文献
3.
The steady laminar boundary layer flow over a permeable flat plate in a uniform free stream, with the bottom surface of the plate is heated by convection from a hot fluid is considered. Similarity solutions for the flow and thermal fields are possible if the mass transpiration rate at the surface and the convective heat transfer from the hot fluid on the lower surface of the plate vary like x−1/2, where x is the distance from the leading edge of the solid surface. The governing partial differential equations are first transformed into ordinary differential equations, before being solved numerically. The effects of the governing parameters on the flow and thermal fields are thoroughly examined and discussed.  相似文献
4.
Series Solutions of Systems of Nonlinear Fractional Differential Equations   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Differential equations of fractional order appear in many applications in physics, chemistry and engineering. An effective and easy-to-use method for solving such equations is needed. In this paper, series solutions of the FDEs are presented using the homotopy analysis method (HAM). The HAM provides a convenient way of controlling the convergence region and rate of the series solution. It is confirmed that the HAM series solutions contain the Adomian decomposition method (ADM) solution as special cases.   相似文献
5.
Solving systems of ODEs by homotopy analysis method   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
This paper applies the homotopy analysis method (HAM) to systems of ordinary differential equations (ODEs). The systems investigated include stiff systems, the chaotic Genesio system and the matrix Riccati-type differential equation. The HAM gives approximate analytical solutions which are of comparable accuracy to the seven- and eight-order Runge–Kutta method (RK78).  相似文献
6.
A hierarchical structure for on-line steady-state optimizingcontrol of interconnected systems is discussed which utilizesthe available mathematical model more efficiently than in previoustechniques, in spite of large model-reality differences. Thestructure is of an iterative type and uses both the mathematicalmodel of the system and the system output measurements. Thestructure produces a control which satisfies necessary optimalityconditions, provided that the system mathematical model is point-parametric.Several iterative strategies for finding a solution are presented.The strategies are compared with respect to their applicability,the total number of set-point changes needed to find solution,and the amount of information exchanged between control unitsand process during iterations.  相似文献
7.
The stability of methods for systems of second-order equationsis discussed. Stability regions are obtained for a single equationand the existence of stable step-sizes is shown for systems.An example is used as an illustration of the effect of the usualorder selection strategies on stability and accuracy.  相似文献
8.
In this paper, a convergence proof of the Adomian decomposition method (ADM) applied to the generalized nonlinear Burgers–Huxley equation is presented. The decomposition scheme obtained from the ADM yields an analytical solution in the form of a rapidly convergent series. The direct symbolic–numeric scheme is shown to be efficient and accurate.  相似文献
9.
In this paper, the Adomian decomposition method (ADM) is applied to the famous Lorenz system. The ADM yields an analytical solution in terms of a rapidly convergent infinite power series with easily computable terms. Comparisons between the decomposition solutions and the fourth-order Runge–Kutta (RK4) numerical solutions are made for various time steps. In particular we look at the accuracy of the ADM as the Lorenz system changes from a non-chaotic system to a chaotic one.  相似文献
10.
In this study, the finite element modeling and comparison of the stress and strain analyses were carried out for three different structures that are intact bone, stemless implant and stemmed one. Currently proposed stemless design studied here is the generic concept of stemless implant. This generic stemless implant reconstruction was numerically compared to the conventional stemmed implant and also to the intact bone as control solution. Two loading conditions were applied to the most proximal part of the models, while the most distal part was fixed for all degrees of freedom. The models were divided into two regions and studied along two paths of medial and lateral aspect. The results of this study showed that the stemless implant had less deviation from the control solution of the bone in all regions and in both loading conditions, comparing to the large deviation of the stemmed implant from the intact bone. However, it was shown that the fixation of this type of implant and its effect on sub-trochanter region must be carefully considered for designing the final product of any specific design of stemless implant.  相似文献
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