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1.
为了探索新型高效脲酶抑制剂,本文合成了2个新的酰腙氧钒(V)配合物,[VOL1(OCH3)(CH3OH)](1)和[VOL2(μ-OCH3)]2(2)(H2L1=N′-(5-氯-2-羟基苯亚甲基)-3-硝基苯甲酰肼;H2L2=N′-(5-氯-2-羟基苯亚甲基)-4-氯苯甲酰肼),并通过物理化学方法和单晶X-射线衍射表征了它们的结构。化合物1是一个单核配合物,而化合物2是由两个甲氧基配体桥连的具有中心对称性的双核配合物。在每个配合物中,V原子都采取八面体配位构型。本文还研究了这两个配合物的热稳定性和它们对幽门螺旋杆菌脲酶的抑制活性。在浓度为100μmol.L-1时,配合物1和2对脲酶的抑制率分别为71.4%和73.3%,其IC50值分别为63.6和37.7μmol.L-1。  相似文献   
2.
采用水热和溶剂热方法合成了4种Co(Ⅱ)配合物:[Co(btec)0.5(pz)2]n(1),[Co(btec)0.5(pz)3]n(2),[Co(phen)(Hbtc)(H3btc)(H2O)2].3H2O(3)和[Co(Imh)2(anis)2(H2O)](4)(H4btec=1,2,4,5-均苯四甲酸,pz=吡唑;H3btc=1,3,5-均苯三甲酸;phen=1,10-邻菲啰啉;Imh=咪唑;Hanis=对甲氧基苯甲酸)。通过X-射线单晶衍射、元素分析、红外光谱(IR)、紫外-可见-近红外(UV-Vis-NIR)漫反射光谱和表面光电压光谱(SPS)对配合物进行了表征。结构分析表明,配合物1是具有2D结构的Co(Ⅱ)配聚物,Co(Ⅱ)为四配位。配合物2~4中,Co(Ⅱ)均为六配位。配合物2为1D链状结构,分子间通过氢键进一步网联成2D。配合物3和4为分子型配合物,然后再分别由氢键进一步网联成3D和2D。SPS结果显示,4种配合物在300~600 nm范围内都呈现正的光伏响应(SPV),表明它们都具有一定的光-电转换能力。重点是采用SPS技术讨论了配合物结构、空间维度和中心离子配位环境对配合物光电性能的影响,并尝试采用半导体能带理论与配合物的晶体场理论相结合来分析、指认SPS各响应带。  相似文献   
3.
利用三齿席夫碱配体2-[1-(2-羟基乙亚胺基)乙基]苯酚(H2L)和二氰氨钠与氯化铁在甲醇中反应,制备了一个新的具有中心对称性的六核铁(Ⅲ)配合物[NaFe6L6(MeO)6]Cl。通过利用元素分析、红外光谱和X-射线单晶衍射表征了该配合物的结构。配合物的晶体以三斜晶系P1空间群结晶,其晶体学参数a=1.162 5(2)nm,b=1.396 4(2)nm,c=1.504 2(2)nm,α=66.154(7)°,β=68.809(7)°,γ=73.296(7)°,V=2.053 6(5)nm3,Z=1,R1=0.059 3,wR2=0.156 4。本文还研究了该配合物的热稳定性和抗菌活性。  相似文献   
4.
The results of evaluating the individual hydrogen bond (H-bond) strength are expected to be helpful for the rational design of new strategies for molecular recognition or supramolecular assemblies. Unfortunately, there is few obvious and unambiguous means of evaluating the energy of a single H-bond within a multiple H-bonds system. We present a local analytic model, ABEEMσπ H-bond energy (HBE) model based on ab initio calculations (MP2) as benchmark, to directly and rapidly evaluate the individual HBE in situ in inter- and intramolecular multiple H-bonds system. This model describes the HBE as the sum of electrostatic and van der Waals (vdW) interactions which all depend upon the geometry and environment, and the ambient environment of H-bond in the model is accounted fairly. Thus, it can fairly consider the cooperative effect and secondary effect. The application range of ABEEMσπ HBE model is rather wide. This work has discussed the individual H-bond in DNA base pair and protein peptide dimers. The results indicate that the interactions among donor H atom, acceptor atom as well as those atoms connected to them with 1,2 or 1,3 relationships are all important for evaluating the HBE, although the interaction between the donor H atom and the acceptor atom is large. Furthermore, our model quantitatively indicates the polarization ability of N, O, and S in a new style, and gives the percentage of the polarization effect in HBE, which can not be given by fixed partial charge force field.  相似文献   
5.
Well-aligned ZnO nanocone arrays (NCAs) were prepared on fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) substrates using highly ordered ZnO nanorod arrays (NRAs) as templates to guide the growth via a hydrothermal method. In contrast, only disordered ZnO nanocones on FTO were obtained in the absence of the highly ordered ZnO nanorod templates. The well-aligned ZnO nanocone arrays were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV–visible absorption, and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopies. It was found that the highly ordered ZnO NRAs pre-formed on FTO played a critical role in dictating the further growth of the well-aligned ZnO NCAs from them. Significantly, strong light-trapping effect was revealed for the well-aligned ZnO NCAs, which may find important applications in, e.g., photovoltaics.  相似文献   
6.
Wan L  Zhang C  Xing Y  Li Z  Xing N  Wan L  Shan H 《Inorganic chemistry》2012,51(12):6517-6528
A series of novel bis-pyrazole/pyridine complexes, [Zn(2)(HL(1))(2)(μ(2)-SO(4))](2)·EtOH·H(2)O (1), [Co(2)(HL(1))(2)(μ(2)-SO(4))](2)·2DMF·6H(2)O (2), [Zn(4)(HL(1))(4)(μ(4)-SO(4))][OH](2) (3), [Zn(2)(HL(2))(2)(μ(2)-SO(4))]·2H(2)O (4), [Zn(H(2)L(2))(H(2)O)(2)](SO(4))·0.87H(2)O (5) (H(2)L(1) = 2,6-di-(5-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine, H(2)L(2) = 2,6-di-(5-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine), were synthesized hydrothermally from the self-assembly of Zn(II) or Co(II) with different types of bipyrazolyl/pyridine derivative ligands. All the complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR and UV-vis spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Structural analyses revealed that metal atoms (Zn and Co) in complexes 1-5 are five-coordination modes, forming slightly distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometries. In complexes 1-3, H(2)L(1) ligand connected the two metal centers via the tetradentate fashion, and the same form of connection was found in complex 4 with H(2)L(2) ligand. While in complex 5, H(2)L(2) only connected with one metal center via the tridentate fashion, which was different from those in complexes 1-4. Additionally, there are abundant hydrogen bonding interactions in complexes 1-4. Interestingly, for hydrogen bonding connecting fashions being different, the molecules for the complexes 1 and 4 are held together by the hydrogen bond to form a 1D supramolecular structure, whereas complexes 2 and 3 are a hydrogen bonded dimer. In addition, quantum chemical calculations for 1, 3, and 4, thermal behaviors and photoluminescent properties for 1 and 3-5 were performed and discussed in detail. In the mean time, we found that these complexes had potential catalytic activity for the oxidation reaction of cyclohexane.  相似文献   
7.
In this article, the geometry structures of hydrogen bond chains of formamide and N‐methylacetamide and their hydrogen‐bonded complexes with water were optimized at the MP2/6‐31G* level. Then, we performed Møller–Plesset perturbation method with 6‐311++g**, aug‐cc‐pvtz basis sets to study the cooperative influence to the total hydrogen bond energy by the N? H ··· OH2 and C?O ··· HOH hydrogen bonds. On the basis of our results, we found that the cooperativity of the hydrogen‐bonded complexes become weaker as N? H ··· OH2 and C?O ··· HOH hydrogen bonds replacing N? H ··· O?C hydrogen bonds in protein and peptide. It means that the N? H and C?O bonds in peptide prefer to form N? H ··· O?C hydrogen bond rather than to form C?O ··· HOH and N? H ··· OH2. It is significant for understanding the structures and properties of the helical or sheet structures of protein and peptide in biological systems. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Quantum Chem, 2011  相似文献   
8.
用ICP-AES测定果核活性炭中的磷,检出限为0.8μg/mL;精密度RSD为1.1%—7.8%;加标回收率为95.5%—105%。  相似文献   
9.
In the framework of the topcolor-assisted technicolor (TC2) model, we study the production of the neutral top-pion πt^0 in association with a high-pw jet at the LHC, which proceeds via the partonic processes gg→πt^0g, gq →πt^0q, qq→πt^0g, gb(b)→πt^0b(b), and bb→πt^0g. We find that it is very challenging to detect the neutral top-pion πt^0 via the process pp → πt^0 +jet + X+ tt+jet +X, while the possible signatures of πt^0 might be detected via the process pp→πt^0 +jet + X→(tc+tc)+jet+X at the LHC.  相似文献   
10.
The Er3+-Yb3+ codoped Al2O3 nanoparticles with an average particle size of about 50 nm have been synthesized by an arc discharge synthesis method. The green and red up-conversion emissions centered at about 526, 547 and 677 nm, corresponding respectively to the 2H11/24I15/2, 4S3/24I15/2 and 4F9/24I15/2 transitions of Er3+, were detected by a 978-nm semiconductor laser diode excitation. The Annealing has evident effect on the up-conversion emissions of the samples: The red up-conversion emission is noticeable before annealing; however, the green up-conversion emission becomes predominant after annealing. The mixture of (Er,Yb)3Al5O12 and α-(Al,Er,Yb)2O3 phases is more favorable for green up-conversion emissions due to an enhancement of the ESA (I) of 4I11/2+a photon→4F7/2 and ET (III) of 2F5/2(Yb3+)+4I11/2(Er3+)→2F7/2(Yb3+)+4F7/2(Er3+) processes. The two-photon absorption up-conversion process is involved in the green and red up-conversion emissions. The results have proved that arc discharge synthesis is a new promising preparation technology for optical materials. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 10804015), the Scientific Research Foundation for Doctor of Liaoning Province (Grant No. 20071095), and the Educational Committee Foundation of Liaoning Province (Grant No. 2008123)  相似文献   
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