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1.
Directed inverse limits of spatial locales   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
In this note we consider spatiality of directed inverse limits of spatial locales. We give an example which shows that directed inverse limits of compact spatial locales are not necessarily spatial. This answers a question posed by John Isbell. We also give a condition which, if satisfied by the maps of a directed inverse system, implies that taking limits preserves local compactness and hence produces spatial locales.

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2.
Analysis of a discrete-time queueing system with time-limited service   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
We analyze a discrete-time, single-server queueing system in which the length of each service period is limited. The server takes a vacation when the limit expires or the queue empties, whichever occurs first. In the former case, the preempted service is resumed after the vacation without loss or creation of any work. This system models the transmission of message frames from a station on timed-token local-area networks (for example, FDDI and IEEE 802.4 token bus). We study the process of the unfinished work and the joint process of the queue size and the remaining service time. By using the technique of discrete Fourier transforms to determine some unknown functions in the governing equations, we numerically obtain exact mean waiting times.A part of the work of H. Takagi was done while he was with IBM Research, Tokyo Research Laboratory.  相似文献
3.
Shifting Operations and Graded Betti Numbers   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
The behaviour of graded Betti numbers under exterior and symmetric algebraic shifting is studied. It is shown that the extremal Betti numbers are stable under these operations. Moreover, the possible sequences of super extremal Betti numbers for a graded ideal with given Hilbert function are characterized. Finally it is shown that over a field of characteristic 0, the graded Betti numbers of a squarefree monomial ideal are bounded by those of the corresponding squarefree lexsegment ideal.  相似文献
4.
Reducing Dehn Fillings and Small Surfaces   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
In this paper we investigate the distances between Dehn fillingson a hyperbolic 3-manifold that yield 3-manifolds containingessential small surfaces including non-orientable surfaces.In particular, we study the situations where one filling createsan essential sphere or projective plane, and the other createsan essential sphere, projective plane, annulus, Möbiusband, torus or Klein bottle, for all eleven pairs of such non-hyperbolicmanifolds. 2000 Mathematics Subject Classification 57M50.  相似文献
5.
6.
For a hyperbolic knot in the -sphere, at most finitely many Dehn surgeries yield non-hyperbolic -manifolds. As a typical case of such an exceptional surgery, a toroidal surgery is one that yields a closed -manifold containing an incompressible torus. The slope corresponding to a toroidal surgery, called a toroidal slope, is known to be integral or half-integral. We show that the distance between two integral toroidal slopes for a hyperbolic knot, except the figure-eight knot, is at most four.

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7.
This paper studies a cost allocation problem arising from hub–spoke network systems. When a large-scale network is to be constructed jointly by several agents, both the optimal network design and the fair allocation of its cost are essential issues. We formulate this problem as a cooperative game and analyze the core allocation, which is a widely used solution concept. The core of this game is not necessarily non-empty as shown by an example. A reasonable scheme is to allocate the cost proportional to the flow that an agent generates. We show that, if the demand across the system has a block structure and the fixed cost is high, this cost allocation scheme belongs to the core. Numerical experiments are given with real telecommunication traffic data in order to illustrate the usefulness of our analytical findings.  相似文献
8.
In this article, we consider a discrete-time order replacementproblem. More precisely, we treat a generalized model with morecomplex cost structure than Kaio & Osaki (1979, IEEE Trans.Reliab., R-29, 405–406) and with two decision variables:allowable inventory time and ordering time. Based on the discreteprobabilistic argument, we derive the optimal ordering policyto deliver a spare unit preventively by a regular order, soas to minimize the expected cost per unit time in the steadystate. Numerical examples are devoted to carrying out the sensitivityanalysis of model parameters on the optimal ordering policyand its associated expected cost value.  相似文献
9.
For a hyperbolic knot in , a toroidal surgery is Dehn surgery which yields a -manifold containing an incompressible torus. It is known that a toroidal surgery on is an integer or a half-integer. In this paper, we prove that all integers occur among the toroidal slopes of hyperbolic knots with bridge index at most three and tunnel number one.

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10.

In 1975 one of the coauthors, Ikebe, showed that the problem of computing the zeros of the regular Coulomb wave functions and their derivatives may be reformulated as the eigenvalue problem for infinite matrices. Approximation by truncation is justified but no error estimates are given there.

The class of eigenvalue problems studied there turns out to be subsumed in a more general problem studied by Ikebe et al. in 1993, where an extremely accurate asymptotic error estimate is shown.

In this paper, we apply this error formula to the former case to obtain error formulas in a closed, explicit form.

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