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We study coalition formation games with externalities where each agent’s payoff depends on the entire partition. As in Bloch (Games Econ Behav 14:90–123, 1996) and Ray and Vohra (Games Econ Behav 26:268–336, 1999), we assume that coalitions form sequentially and agreements are irreversible. Instead of a fixed order protocol, we use a “bidding mechanism” (see Pérez-Castrillo and Wettstein in Am Econ Rev 92(5):1577–1587, 2002) to determine proposals and transfers among the agents. We show that such a mechanism facilitates the attainment of efficiency; in particular, our game admits a Markov perfect equilibrium with the property of full dynamic efficiency. In addition, the aggregate equilibrium payoffs of our game exhibit monotonicity in time. Nevertheless, inefficient equilibria can also emerge.  相似文献
2.
In this article we present a new fixed point theorem for a class of general mixed monotone operators, which extends the existing corresponding results. Moreover, we establish some pleasant properties of nonlinear eigenvalue problems for mixed monotone operators. Based on them the local existence-uniqueness of positive solutions for nonlinear boundary value problems which include Neumann boundary value problems, three-point boundary value problems and elliptic boundary value problems for Lane-Emden-Fowler equations is proved. The theorems for nonlinear boundary value problems obtained here are very general.  相似文献
3.
In this paper, we introduce a class of predator–prey system with general functional response, whose harvesting policy is modeled by a discontinuous function. Based on the differential inclusions theory, topological degree theory in set‐valued analysis and generalized Lyapunov approach, we analyze the existence, uniqueness and global asymptotic stability of positive periodic solution. In particular, a series of useful criteria on existence, uniqueness and global asymptotic stability of the positive equilibrium point are established for the autonomous system corresponding to the non‐autonomous biological and mathematical model with a discontinuous right‐hand side. Moreover, some new sufficient conditions are provided to guarantee the global convergence in measure of harvesting solution and convergence in finite time of any positive solution for the autonomous discontinuous biological system. The obtained results, which improve and generalize previous works on dynamical behavior in the literature, are of interest for understanding and designing biological system with not only continuous or even Lipschitz continuous but also discontinuous harvesting function. Finally, we give three examples with numerical simulations to show the applicability and effectiveness of our main results. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献
4.
In this paper, by using the cone theory and the monotone iterative technique, we investigate the existence of maximal and minimal solutions of the initial value problem for second order impulsive differential equations which nonlinearly involve the derivative x in Banach space and give an example to illustrate our results.  相似文献
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The class of the regular p-groups is one of the important classes in p-groups. Not only it has many similar properties as abelian p-groups, but also many of the p-groups belong to this class. In this paper, using the algorithms for determining the isomorphic regular p-groups, we give a complete classification of the regular p-groups with e-invariants (e, 2, 1).Supported by SXYSF 991003.  相似文献
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本文研究了一类共形分数阶微分方程两点边值问题,通过利用定义在锥上的一类和型算子不定点定理,获得了微分方程正解存在唯一性,并构造一个迭代序列逼近唯一正解.最后,通过两个例子验证了本文获得的主要结论.  相似文献
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