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Let τ be a type of algebras. A valuation of terms of type τ is a function v assigning to each term t of type τ a value v(t) ⩾ 0. For k ⩾ 1, an identity st of type τ is said to be k-normal (with respect to valuation v) if either s = t or both s and t have value ⩾ k. Taking k = 1 with respect to the usual depth valuation of terms gives the well-known property of normality of identities. A variety is called k-normal (with respect to the valuation v) if all its identities are k-normal. For any variety V, there is a least k-normal variety N k (V) containing V, namely the variety determined by the set of all k-normal identities of V. The concept of k-normalization was introduced by K. Denecke and S. L. Wismath in their paper (Algebra Univers., 50, 2003, pp.107–128) and an algebraic characterization of the elements of N k (V) in terms of the algebras in V was given in (Algebra Univers., 51, 2004, pp. 395–409). In this paper we study the algebras of the variety N 2(V) where V is the type (2, 2) variety L of lattices and our valuation is the usual depth valuation of terms. We introduce a construction called the 3-level inflation of a lattice, and use the order-theoretic properties of lattices to show that the variety N 2(L) is precisely the class of all 3-level inflations of lattices. We also produce a finite equational basis for the variety N 2(L). This research was supported by Research Project MSM6198959214 of the Czech Government and by NSERC of Canada.  相似文献
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We consider the inflation class operator, denoted by F, where for any class K of algebras, F(K) is the class of all inflations of algebras in K. We study the interaction of this operator with the usual algebraic operators H, S andP, and describe the partially-ordered monoid generated by H, S, P andF (with the isomorphism operator I as an identity). Received February 3, 2004; accepted in final form January 3, 2006.  相似文献
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Let be a type of algebras. There are several commonly used measurements of the complexity of terms of type , including the depth or height of a term and the number of variable symbols appearing in a term. In this paper we formalize these various measurements, by defining a complexity or valuation mapping on terms. A valuation of terms is thus a mapping from the absolutely free term algebra of type into another algebra of the same type on which an order relation is defined. We develop the interconnections between such term valuations and the equational theory of Universal Algebra. The collection of all varieties of a given type forms a complete lattice which is very complex and difficult to study; valuations of terms offer a new method to study complete sublattices of this lattice.  相似文献
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