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Bioplastics based on glycerol and different proteins (wheat gluten, albumen, rice and albumen/gluten blends) have been manufactured to determine the effect that processing and further thermal treatments exert on different thermo-mechanical properties of the bioplastics obtained. Oscillatory shear, modulated differential scanning calorimetry, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis, thermo-gravimetric analysis and water absorption tests were carried out to study the effect of processing on the physical characteristics of the bioplastics. The protein-based bioplastics studied in this work present a high capacity for thermosetting modification because of protein denaturation that may favour the development of a wide variety of materials. The use of albumen or rice protein allows the reduction in both protein concentration and thermosetting temperature, leading to linear viscoelastic moduli values similar to those of synthetic polymers such as LDPE and HDPE. The hygroscopic characteristics of protein-glycerol bioplastics may lead to a decrease in the values of the linear viscoelasticity functions. However, hygroscopic properties depend on the protein nature and may be used for industrial applications where water absorption is required. This paper was presented at Annual European Rheology Conference (AERC) held in Hersonisos, Crete, Greece, April 27–29, 2006.  相似文献
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