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1.
We implemented a GPU‐powered parallel k‐centers algorithm to perform clustering on the conformations of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The algorithm is up to two orders of magnitude faster than the CPU implementation. We tested our algorithm on four protein MD simulation datasets ranging from the small Alanine Dipeptide to a 370‐residue Maltose Binding Protein (MBP). It is capable of grouping 250,000 conformations of the MBP into 4000 clusters within 40 seconds. To achieve this, we effectively parallelized the code on the GPU and utilize the triangle inequality of metric spaces. Furthermore, the algorithm's running time is linear with respect to the number of cluster centers. In addition, we found the triangle inequality to be less effective in higher dimensions and provide a mathematical rationale. Finally, using Alanine Dipeptide as an example, we show a strong correlation between cluster populations resulting from the k‐centers algorithm and the underlying density. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.  相似文献   
2.
An efficient method for computing the quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) topology of the electron density (or other scalar field) is presented. A modified Newton–Raphson algorithm was implemented for finding the critical points (CP) of the electron density. Bond paths were constructed with the second‐order Runge–Kutta method. Vectorization of the present algorithm makes it to scale linearly with the system size. The parallel efficiency decreases with the number of processors (from 70% to 50%) with an average of 54%. The accuracy and performance of the method are demonstrated by computing the QTAIM topology of the electron density of a series of representative molecules. Our results show that our algorithm might allow to apply QTAIM analysis to large systems (carbon nanotubes, polymers, fullerenes) considered unreachable until now. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.  相似文献   
3.
Polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) films with the size gradient of the LC droplets were prepared based on the epoxy/acrylate hybrid polymer matrix. The ultraviolet (UV) intensity gradient was induced by the UV-absorbing dye over the thickness of the samples. Taking advantage of the difference between the epoxy monomers and acrylate monomers in polymerisation rates and the UV intensity gradient, the gradient distribution of the LC droplet size was formed in PDLC films. The effect of the size gradient of the LC droplets on the electro-optical and the light-scattering properties of PDLC films was investigated. The results showed that due to the size gradient distribution of the LC droplets, PDLC films could exhibit the strong light scattering in the UV-visible-near infrared (VIS-NIR) region. Consequently, it provides a potential approach for modulating NIR light transmittance.  相似文献   
4.
The ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic wave functions of the KMnF3 perovskite have been evaluated quantum-mechanically by using an all electron approach and, for comparison, pseudopotentials on the transition metal and the fluorine ions. It is shown that the different number of α and β electrons in the d shell of Mn perturbs the inner shells, with shifts between the α and β eigenvalues that can be as large as 6 eV for the 3s level, and is far from negligible also for the 2s and 2p states. The valence electrons of F are polarized by the majority spin electrons of Mn, and in turn, spin polarize their 1s electrons. When a pseudopotential is used, such a spin polarization of the core functions of Mn and F can obviously not take place. The importance of such a spin polarization can be appreciated by comparing (i) the spin density at the Mn and F nuclear position, and then the Fermi contact constant, a crucial quantity for the hyperfine coupling, and (ii) the ferromagnetic–antiferromagnetic energy difference, when obtained with an all electron or a pseudopotential scheme, and exploring how the latter varies with pressure. This difference is as large as 50% of the all electron datum, and is mainly due to the rigid treatment of the F ion core. The effect of five different functionals on the core spin polarization is documented.  相似文献   
5.
《Discrete Mathematics》2023,346(6):113349
The problem of reconstructing the characteristic polynomial of a graph of order at least 3 from the collection of characteristic polynomials of its vertex-deleted subgraphs was posed by Cvetkovi? in 1973 as a spectral counter part to the well-known Ulam's reconstruction conjecture. Over the last 50 years, this problem has received notable attention, many positive results have been obtained, but in the general case the problem is still unresolved. In particular, no counter example is found in literature. In this expository paper we survey classical and some more recent results concerning the polynomial reconstruction problem, discuss some related problems, variations and generalizations.  相似文献   
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7.
An expansion formula into bivariate formal power series is established that implies, as consequences, three remarkable identities of partial theta functions due to Warnaar (2003), Schilling–Warnaar (2002) and Andrews–Warnaar (2007).  相似文献   
8.
《Discrete Mathematics》2022,345(11):112983
We determine the 22 isomorphism classes of 4-GDDs with group type 3562 and compare their automorphism groups. We also observe for the first time an example of a three dimensional Pasch triangle in a GDD.  相似文献   
9.
Films of amorphous polystyrene (PS) with a weight-average molecular weight (Mw) of 225 × 103 g/mol were bonded in a T-peel test geometry, and the fracture energy (G) of a PS/PS interface was measured at the ambient temperature as a function of the healing time (th) and healing temperature (Th). G was found to develop with (th)1/2 at Th = Tg-bulk − 33 °C (where Tg-bulk is the glass-transition temperature of the bulk sample), and log G was found to develop with 1/Th at Tg-bulk − 43 °C ≤ ThTg-bulk − 23 °C. The smallest measured value of G = 1.4 J/m2 was at least one order of magnitude larger than the work of adhesion required to reversibly separate the PS surfaces. These three observations indicated that the development of G at the PS/PS interface in the temperature range investigated (<Tg-bulk) was controlled by the diffusion of chain segments feasible above the glass-transition temperature of the interfacial layer, in agreement with our previous findings for fracture stress development at several polymer/polymer interfaces well below Tg-bulk. Close values of G = 8–9 J/m2 were measured for the symmetric interfaces of polydisperse PS [Mw = 225 × 103, weight-average molecular weight/number-average molecular weight (Mw/Mn) = 3] and monodisperse PS (Mw = 200 × 103, Mw/Mn = 1.04) after healing at Th = Tg-bulk − 33 °C for 24 h. This implies that the self-bonding of high-molecular-weight PS at such relatively low temperatures is not governed by polydispersity. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 42: 1861–1867, 2004  相似文献   
10.
We study the local analytic solutions f of the functional equation f(ψ(zf(z)))=(f(z)) for z in some neighborhood of the origin.Whether the solution f vanishes at z=0 or not plays a critical role for local analytic solutions of this equation.In this paper,we obtain results of analytic solutions not only in the case f(0)=0 but also for f(0)≠0.When assuming f(0) =0,for technical reasons,we just get the result for f’(0)≠0.Then when assuming f(0)=ω0≠0,ψ’(0)=s≠0,ψ(z) is analytic at z=0 and(z)is analytic at z=ω0,we give the existence of local analytic solutions f in the case of 0<|sω0|<1 and the case of |sω0|=1 with the Brjuno condition.  相似文献   
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