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Three different particle image processing algorithms have been developed for the improvement of PIV velocity measurements characterized by large velocity gradients. The objectives of this study are to point out the limitations of the standard processing methods and to propose a complete algorithm to enhance the measurement accuracy. The heart of the PIV image processing is a direct cross-correlation calculation in order to obtain complete flexibility in the choice of the size and the shape of the interrogation window (IW). An iterative procedure is then applied for the reduction of the size of IW at each measurement location. This procedure allows taking into account the local particle concentration in the image. The results of this first iterative processing, applied to synthetic images, show both a significant improvement of measurement accuracy and an increase of the spatial resolution. Finally, a super-resolution algorithm is developed to further increase the spatial resolution of the measurement by determining the displacement of each particle. The computer time for a complete image processing is optimized by the introduction of original data storage in Binary Space Partitions trees. It is shown that measurement errors for large velocity gradient flows are similar to those obtained in simpler cases with uniform translation displacements. This last result validates the ability of the developed super-resolution algorithm for the aerodynamic characterization of large velocity gradient flows.  相似文献
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In this paper we extend previous work on time reversal in randomly layered media [J.-P. Fouque, J. Garnier, A. Nachbin, K. Sølna, Time reversal refocusing for point source in randomly layered media, Wave Motion 42 (2005) 238–260]. We consider first the case of an active source embedded below the surface in a finely layered random medium. We carry out time reversal with a time reversal mirror placed at the surface and we consider here the case where this mirror is larger than the carrier wavelength. In contrast with the situation addressed in our previous paper, where the size of the mirror was comparable to the wavelength, we show that multi-pathing dramatically enhances the effective aperture of the mirror so that super resolution at the location of the source can be obtained. In other words, the focal spot radius of the refocused field obtained in the case of a multiply scattering medium is much smaller than the spot size obtained in the case of a homogeneous medium. This super resolution effect is obtained by time-reversing the long incoherent waves generated by the multiple scattering due to the thin layers. We also give an application to the problem of focusing on a passive scatterer buried in the random medium and illuminated by a source at the surface.  相似文献
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