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考察一种典型的非线性惯性力通过密频内共振导致的响应饱和现象,简明地揭示了响应饱和现象的一系列典型特点,特别是指出了响应饱和有关的上阈值就是饱和响应通过Hopf分叉而失稳的激励幅值  相似文献
2.
We solve the initial-boundary-value linear stability problem for small localised disturbances in a homogeneous elastic waveguide formally by applying a combined Laplace – Fourier transform. An asymptotic evaluation of the solution, expressed as an inverse Laplace – Fourier integral, is carried out by means of the mathematical formalism of absolute and convective instabilities. Wave packets, triggered by perturbations localised in space and finite in time, as well as responses to sources localised in space, with the time dependence satisfying eiωt + O(e−ɛt ), for t → ∞, where Im ω0 = 0 and ω > 0 , that is, the signaling problem, are treated. For this purpose, we analyse the dispersion relation of the problem analytically, and by solving numerically the eigenvalue stability problem. It is shown that due to double roots in a wavenumber k of the dispersion relation function D(k, ω), for real frequencies ω, that satisfy a collision criterion, wave packets with an algebraic temporal decay and signaling with an algebraic temporal growth, that is, temporal resonances, are present in a neutrally stable homogeneous waveguide. Moreover, for any admissible combination of the physical parameters, a homogeneous waveguide possesses a countable set of temporally resonant frequencies. Consequences of these results for modelling in seismology are discussed. This revised version was published online in August 2006 with corrections to the Cover Date.  相似文献
3.
The nonlinear dynamics of the same experimental model of an internally resonant hanging elastic cable considered in Part I [1] are addressed here from the point of view of the global system behaviour in the control parameter space. Synthetic results of systematic response measurements, made at different amplitudes of the support motion in frequency ranges including meaningful external resonance conditions, are reported and discussed. Attention is devoted to the detection of the most robust classes of motion. Quite complicated overall pictures of regular response regions with variable contributions from different planar and nonplanar cable modes are observed, as well as several regions of quasiperiodic and chaotic responses. Sample quantitative characterizations of nonregular motions are presented. Some experimental results are also observed against the background of the nonlinear dynamic phenomena exhibited by a theoretical model of a continuous cable with four-degrees-of-freedom.  相似文献
4.
基于增量热场理论,利用Hamilton变分原理,通过引入与张拉力和垂度相关的无量纲参数,建立了考虑温度变化影响下斜拉索非线性动力学模型,并推导其面内/外非线性运动微分方程.考虑斜拉索受端部激励,利用Galerkin法得到离散后的无穷维常微分方程组.面内和面外运动各取前两阶模态,向前和向后扫频,利用龙格-库塔法数值积分求解常微分方程组,得到共振区域的幅频响应曲线.算例分析表明,温度变化和斜拉索固有频率呈反比例关系;温度变化会导致斜拉索共振特性发生定性和定量的改变,如共振区间发生漂移、跳跃点位置发生移动、共振响应幅值发生改变;端部位移激励下,温度变化有可能导致斜拉索更多模态受到激发,从而影响各阶模态的能量以及模态间的能量传递.  相似文献
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