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1.
Hydrodynamic and thermal characteristics of flow boiling in a non-uniformly heated microchannel were studied. Experiments were performed with a single microchannel and a series of microheaters to study the microscale boiling of water under axially non-uniform heat input conditions. A simultaneous real time visualization of the flow pattern was performed with the measurement of experimental parameters. Tests were performed over a mass flux of 309.8 kg/m2 s, and heat flux of 200–600 kW/m2. Test results showed different fluctuations of heated wall temperature, pressure drop, and mass flux with variations of the heat input along the flow direction. The unique periodic flow boiling in a single microchannel was observed at all heat flux conditions except for the increasing heat input distribution case which is the nearly uniform effective heat input distribution condition. The instability is correlated with flow pattern transition. For the nearly uniform effective heating condition, no fluctuation of the wall temperature, pressure drop, or mass flux was observed. We can relieve the instability by increasing total heat input along the flow direction and predict the instability using the transition criteria and flow pattern map.  相似文献   
2.
It has been experimentally proved that heat transfer at boiling appears to be the problem with the conjugated boundary conditions. Heat transfer and critical heat fluxes at boiling depend both on physical properties of the boiling liquid and on the number of characteristics of the heat transferring wall. Various experimental data of the problem of boiling liquid with various physical properties have been analysed. To eliminate or minimize influence of the properties of the cooled wall on the value of critical heat transfer, the data obtained at boiling on the thick cooled wall only from the stainless steel or nichrome are considered. To eliminate effect of capillary forces specific linear size of heat transferring wall satisfied the condition ≥ 2.0.  相似文献   
3.
微重力气液两相流动与池沸腾传热   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
赵建福  彭超  李晶 《力学进展》2010,40(4):460-470
综述了近年来中国科学院微重力重点实验室(国家微重力实验室)完成的一系列微重力气液两相流动与池沸腾传热方面的地基实验、飞行实验和理论研究等方面获得的主要成果.在微重力气液两相流动方面,提出了半理论Weber数模型用于预测微重力条件下气液两相弹-环状流转换,并采用Monte Carlo方法,针对气泡初始尺寸对泡-弹状流转换的影响进行数值研究.通过俄罗斯"和平号"空间站与IL-76失重飞机实验,获得了微重力下的气液两相流型图,与此同时在地面利用小尺度毛细管模型模拟了微重力气液两相流动特征.实验测量了微重力气液两相流压降,并基于微重力流动特性建立了一个泡状流压降关联模型.在微重力池沸腾传热方面,利用我国返回式卫星完成了两次空间实验,其中,第22颗返回式卫星搭载铂丝表面R113池沸腾实验采用控制温度的稳态加热方式,而实践8号育种卫星搭载平面FC-72池沸腾实验则采用控制加热电压的准稳态加热方式.同时,还进行了地面常重力和落塔短时微重力条件下的对比实验研究.观察到丝状加热表面微重力时轻微的传热强化现象,而平板加热表面微重力核态池沸腾低热流时传热强化、高热流时传热恶化.微重力实验中观察到气泡脱落前存在横向运动现象,据此分析了气泡行为与传热之间关系,并提出了一个预测丝状加热表面气泡脱落直径的半理论模型.旨在对相关领域的进一步发展和空间两相流系统的应用提供数据及理论支持.  相似文献   
4.
5.
MgSO4-Na2SO4-H2O三元体系100 ℃沸腾蒸发非平衡态成盐特征   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
周桓  崔世广  沙作良  袁建军 《化学学报》2008,66(12):1483-1489
采用140 ℃恒温热源, 对MgSO4-Na2SO4-H2O体系溶液进行100 ℃恒温沸腾蒸发, 蒸发强度为140~160 g/(h•L), 监测初始析盐点和固相析出后固液相组成随蒸发进程的变化, 总结成盐特征, 提出反映非平衡态成盐特征的初级成盐区、扩展成盐区等概念. 研究发现(1)平衡相图上的同成分复盐3Na2SO4• MgSO4和Na2SO4• MgSO4•2.5H2O变为异成分复盐; (2)对Na2SO4和3Na2SO4•MgSO4的平衡共饱和液蒸发, 首先析出的是Na2SO4, 其单固相析出率为60.86%, 3Na2SO4•MgSO4和Na2SO4•MgSO4•2.5H2O的共饱和液也具有相同特征; (3)蒸发过程的初级成盐区与溶解平衡相区有显著区别. 用硫酸钠的耶涅克指数表示相区宽度, Na2SO4初级成盐区宽度从平衡态的21.02扩大到32.76; 而Na2SO4•MgSO4•2.5H2O则从41.40缩减为25.71; (4)在晶种存在的条件下, 各种盐的成盐区比初级成盐区有不同程度的扩展, 如Na2SO4, 3Na2SO4•MgSO4等盐的成盐区分别扩展了7.72和8.81. 扩展成盐区与初级成盐区的交叠形成了非平衡条件下特有的条件成盐区, 析盐种类取决于晶种的种类.  相似文献   
6.
High speed visualizations and thermal performance studies of pool boiling heat transfer on copper foam covers were performed at atmospheric pressure, with the heating surface area of 12.0 mm by 12.0 mm, using acetone as the working fluid. The foam covers have ppi (pores per inch) from 30 to 90, cover thickness from 2.0 to 5.0 mm, and porosity of 0.88 and 0.95. The surface superheats are from −20 to 190 K, and the heat fluxes reach 140 W/cm2. The 30 and 60 ppi foam covers show the periodic single bubble generation and departure pattern at low surface superheats. With continuous increases in surface superheats, they show the periodic bubble coalescence and/or re-coalescence pattern. Cage bubbles were observed to be those with liquid filled inside and vented to the pool liquid. For the 90 ppi foam covers, the bubble coalescence takes place at low surface superheats. At moderate or large surface superheats, vapor fragments continuously escape to the pool liquid.  相似文献   
7.
We consider a relatively simple model for pool-boiling processes. This model involves only the temperature distribution within the heater and describes the heat exchange with the boiling medium via a nonlinear boundary condition imposed on the fluid-heater interface. This results in a standard heat-transfer problem with a nonlinear Neumann boundary condition on part of the boundary. In a recent paper [Speetjens M, Reusken A, Marquardt W. Steady-state solutions in a nonlinear pool-boiling model. IGPM report 256, RWTH Aachen. Commun Nonlinear Sci Numer Simul, in press, doi:10.1016/j.cnsns.2006.11.002] we analysed this nonlinear heat-transfer problem for the case of two space dimensions and in particular studied the qualitative structure of steady-state solutions. The study revealed that, depending on system parameters, the model allows both multiple homogeneous and multiple heterogeneous temperature distributions on the fluid-heater interface. In the present paper we show that the analysis from Speetjens et al. (doi:10.1016/j.cnsns.2006.11.002) can be generalised to the physically more realistic case of three space dimensions. A fundamental shift-invariance property is derived that implies multiplicity of heterogeneous solutions. We present a numerical bifurcation analysis that demonstrates the multiple solution structure in this mathematical model by way of a representative case study.  相似文献   
8.
Saturated critical heat flux (CHF) is an important issue during flow boiling in mini and microchannels. To determine the best prediction method available in the literature, 2996 data points from 19 different laboratories have been collected since 1958. The database includes nine different fluids (R-134a, R-245fa, R-236fa, R-123, R-32, R-113, nitrogen, CO2 and water) for a wide range of experimental conditions. This database has been compared to 6 different correlations and 1 theoretically based model. For predicting the non-aqueous fluids, the theoretical model by Revellin and Thome [Revellin, R., Thome, J.R., 2008. A theoretical model for the prediction of the critical heat flux in heated microchannels. Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 51, 1216–1225] is the best method. It predicts 86% of the CHF data for non-aqueous fluids within a 30% error band. The data for water are best predicted by the correlation by Zhang et al. [Zhang, W., Hibiki, T., Mishima, K., Mi, Y., 2006. Correlation of critical heat flux for flow boiling of water in minichannels. Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 49, 1058–1072]. This method predicts 83% of the CHF data for water within a 30% error band. Some suggestions have also been proposed in this paper for the future studies.  相似文献   
9.
对添加有TiO2纳米颗粒的制冷剂R11在外径为22.4mm紫铜管外的池沸腾换热特性进行了实验研究.池沸腾饱和温度为35℃和40℃,纳米颗粒悬浮液的浓度为0.01g/l和0.05g/l.对铜管圆周上、下、前、后四个部位的局部换热情况进行了测量和可视化观察以及相应的粗糙度检测分析.结果发现,纳米颗粒的添加基本使管上部粗糙度降低,传热弱化,而使下部粗糙度增加,传热强化.就整体换热而言,40℃的强化换热效果好于30℃,0.01g/l的强化换热效果好于0.05g/l.  相似文献   
10.
均匀高压电场强化R123池沸腾传热实验研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
利用EHD技术进行了工质R123的池内平板沸腾强化传热实验研究.在该实验中,换热面为一平板并接地作为0电极,高压电极为平行于换热面的网状电极.实验结果表明,正电压的强化效果较好,电压越高,强化效果越好.低热流密度下,EHD对沸腾换热的强化效果比高热流密度的强化效果好.起沸点随着电压的增加而增加,同不加电压时相比,在20 kV时,起沸点提高了4倍.  相似文献   
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