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1.
用于振动、冲击和噪声控制的SMA智能复合材料结构   总被引:8,自引:0,他引:8  
本文简要叙述SMA智能复合材料结构的基本概念,介绍其分析和求解的基本力学原理和方法,重点展示其在三个主要应用研究领域,包括振动控制、噪声控制及抗低速冲击的最新进展,并对存在问题和未来的发展给予评述.  相似文献
2.
复合材料板受低速冲击时能量吸收的实验研究   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
魏俊  赵建华 《实验力学》1998,13(2):207-211
利用落锤装置,对玻纤/环氧和碳纤/环氧两种复合材料层合板进行了低速低能量的冲击实验研究。利用传感器技术记录了落锤冲击板过程中速度随时间变化曲线,计算了冲击动能和材料损伤时的能量吸收。通过数学处理得到了冲击载荷和冲击点位移随时间变化曲线。还对多次冲击的能量吸收问题进行了实验研究。  相似文献
3.
复合材料层合板的低速冲击损伤及其剩余压缩强度研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
本文采用理论和实验方法研究了复合材料层合板的低速冲地及其剩余压缩强度。文中利用有限元方法和能量转换原理计算了层合板受到低速冲击的受载最危险状态,以及此时的应力分布;并用Tsai-Wu张量准则判断损伤情况,对产生损伤的单元进行相应的刚度折减,且作重复计算直至不产生新的损伤为止;最后,对受冲击的层合板还进行剩余压缩强度计算。在实验中,采用激光全息无损检测法测量了层合板的冲击损伤,并对受冲击的层合板进行  相似文献
4.
I. INTRODUCTION Composite materials have been used extensively in aerospace and other industries owing to the factthat they have high speci?c modulus, high speci?c strength, and the capability to be designed andfabricated with greater ?exibility, and ha…  相似文献
5.
Numerical analysis of the low-velocity impact damage of a layered composite beam with a functionally graded core is performed using the multiple-isoparametric cohesive volume finite element (MCVFE) scheme. A mixed-mode intrinsic cohesive zone model is used to simulate the spontaneous damage initiation and growth in this work. The inhomogeneous Young’s modulus variation is assumed to be symmetric about the neutral plane. Our parametric simulations showed that the energetics of damage is altered by the presence of a functionally graded core. The effect of including a functionally graded core is to advance the time of fracture initiation compared to a cross-ply (90°) core. The assumed symmetry and linear inhomogeneity leads to the energetics for the graded core to be similar to those observed for a 45° core ply-orientation.  相似文献
6.
Improvement from the pseudo-elastic effect of shape memory alloy (SMA) on the low-velocity impact (LVI) resistance of a composite plate is investigated by the finite element method (FEM).The stiffness matrix of the dynamic finite element equation is established step by step and the martensite fraction is obtained at each time step.The direct Newmark integration method is employed in solving the dynamic finite element equation,while the impact contact force is determined using the modified Hertz's law.It is found that SMA can effectively improve the performance of a composite structure subjected to low-velocity impact.Numerical results show that the deflection of a SMA-hybrid composite plate has been reduced approximately by thirty percent when the volume fraction of the embedded SMA reaches 0.3.  相似文献
7.
采用玻璃纤维增强环氧树脂复合材料层合板作为内、外面板,以PVC泡沫作为芯材,构造了双层夹芯复合材料结构.采用落锤冲击实验,得到了冲击过程的撞击力历史;研究了在不同的冲击能量下,双层夹芯结构的冲击响应及内面板位置对双层夹芯结构冲击响应的影响.实验结果表明,内面板的引入及内面板的位置显著影响双层夹芯结构的撞击力历史,根据该撞击力历史可以优化设计出抗冲击性能优异的新型双层夹芯复合材料结构.  相似文献
8.
假定薄金属靶板的变形可分为局部变形和整体变形,在此基础上建立了一个新的分析模型,对固支薄金属靶板的低速穿透进行评估.靶板的局部变形分析通过准静态柱形空穴膨胀理论结合靶板的自由表面效应修正函数,给出了靶板对弹丸的阻力表达式,然后计算出局部变形耗能;整体变形分析采用了Wen-Jones模型的近似准静态方法,通过载荷-位移关系和虚功原理计算整体变形耗能.推出了锥头弹丸穿透金属靶板的耗能公式和弹道极限公式.模型预测结果与实验数据进行了比较,发现二者吻合得较好.  相似文献
9.
In this paper we investigate impact and compression after impact properties of plain weave carbon fiber sandwich composites. Impact tests were conducted on different sample types to obtain information about absorbed energy and maximum impact force. The different samples consisted of foam-filled and hollow honeycomb cores with four-layer carbon fiber facesheets on one or both sides. The impact and compression after impact data provided valuable information to allow for comparisons between the different sample types. Also, the compression after impact tests were conducted in order to determine the reduction in compressive strength when comparing impacted to non-impacted samples. In conclusion, a two-degrees-of-freedom spring/mass model was compared to experimental results. The comparison helped illustrate the limitations of current impact theory. This paper was presented, in part, at a symposium honoring Dr Christian P. Burger, Novel Applications of Experimental Methods in Mechanics, held at the 2003 SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, June 2–4, 2003, Charlotte, North Carolina.  相似文献
10.
在考虑面板面内拉伸刚度等非线性因素的基础上,将夹层梁上面板视为掸颦性地基上的梁,由其平衡方程推导准静态压入接触定律.进而研究了底面崮定于刚性平面的夹层梁的低速冲击响应,验证了所推导的准静态压入接触定律在低速冲击下依然足够精确.最后,用能量守恒模型,离散模型和连续模型分析了两端简支夹层梁的低速冲击响应以及接触持续时间.同时讨论了冲头与夹层梁质量比和初速度对结构响应以及分析模型适用性的影响.理论分析结果与数值模拟结果比较表明:推导的接触定律是准确有效的.给定初速度,质量比很小时,只有连续模型有效,而当质量比较大时3种模型均有效;给定质量,初速度较大时只有连续模型比较有效.连续模型预测的接触持续时间与初速度无关.  相似文献
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