首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   2594篇
  免费   828篇
  国内免费   33篇
化学   691篇
晶体学   26篇
力学   585篇
综合类   103篇
数学   322篇
物理学   1728篇
  2024年   4篇
  2023年   34篇
  2022年   85篇
  2021年   99篇
  2020年   117篇
  2019年   67篇
  2018年   78篇
  2017年   98篇
  2016年   112篇
  2015年   89篇
  2014年   203篇
  2013年   192篇
  2012年   173篇
  2011年   191篇
  2010年   126篇
  2009年   156篇
  2008年   181篇
  2007年   187篇
  2006年   157篇
  2005年   148篇
  2004年   131篇
  2003年   128篇
  2002年   110篇
  2001年   84篇
  2000年   64篇
  1999年   81篇
  1998年   44篇
  1997年   56篇
  1996年   50篇
  1995年   37篇
  1994年   23篇
  1993年   21篇
  1992年   34篇
  1991年   14篇
  1990年   18篇
  1989年   10篇
  1988年   13篇
  1987年   5篇
  1986年   4篇
  1985年   8篇
  1984年   2篇
  1983年   5篇
  1982年   4篇
  1980年   1篇
  1979年   4篇
  1978年   1篇
  1977年   1篇
  1976年   2篇
  1973年   1篇
  1957年   1篇
排序方式: 共有3455条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
In order to improve the particle collection efficiency of the electrostatic precipitator (ESP), a transverse plate ESP with bipolar discharge electrodes is proposed. The simulations of the velocity distribution have shown that when the inlet velocity is 1 m/s, within the range of 40 mm from electrode plate, the average velocities of windward side and leeward side are less than 0.7 m/s and 0.3 m/s respectively. It is clear that the velocity near the collection electrode plate of this bipolar ESP is much lower than that of the ordinary ESP at the same inlet velocity. This low velocity can lead to higher efficiency for fine dust collection due to the less dust re-entrainment in ESP. It is also found that the average velocities are getting lower when the distance between plates electrodes are greater than 150 mm in accordance with the simulations. The voltage current characteristics of the bipolar ESP are superior to the ordinary ESP. The pressure drop of the bipolar ESP is about 30% higher than that of the ordinary one. The dust penetration of the bipolar ESP is about 54% less than that of the ordinary ESP when the sintering dust with 25.405 μm mass median diameter is used as the test particulate under the condition of the electric field from 2.1 kV/cm to 3.2 kV/cm and the velocity from 1.0 m/s to 1.5 m/s.  相似文献   
2.
3.
The numerical simulation of electric circuits including multirate signals can be done by a model based on partial differential algebraic equations. In the case of frequency modulated signals, a local frequency function appears as a degree of freedom in the model. Thus the determination of a solution with a minimum amount of variation is feasible, which allows for resolving on relatively coarse grids. We prove the existence and uniqueness of the optimal solutions in the case of initial-boundary value problems as well as biperiodic boundary value problems. The minimisation problems are also investigated and interpreted in the context of optimal control. Furthermore, we construct a method of characteristics for the computation of optimal solutions in biperiodic problems. Numerical simulations of test examples are presented.  相似文献   
4.
Dye and its removal from aqueous solution by adsorption: A review   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
In this review article the authors presented up to-date development on the application of adsorption in the removal of dyes from aqueous solution. This review article provides extensive literature information about dyes, its classification and toxicity, various treatment methods, and dye adsorption characteristics by various adsorbents. One of the objectives of this review article is to organise the scattered available information on various aspects on a wide range of potentially effective adsorbents in the removal of dyes. Therefore, an extensive list of various adsorbents such as natural materials, waste materials from industry, agricultural by-products, and biomass based activated carbon in the removal of various dyes has been compiled here. Dye bearing waste treatment by adsorption using low cost alternative adsorbent is a demanding area as it has double benefits i.e. water treatment and waste management. Further, activated carbon from biomass has the advantage of offering an effected low cost replacement for non-renewable coal based granular activated carbon provided that they have similar or better adsorption on efficiency. The effectiveness of various adsorbents under different physico-chemical process parameters and their comparative adsorption capacity towards dye adsorption has also been presented. This review paper also includes the affective adsorption factors of dye such as solution pH, initial dye concentration, adsorbent dosage, and temperature. The applicability of various adsorption kinetic models and isotherm models for dye removal by wide range of adsorbents is also reported here. Conclusions have been drawn from the literature reviewed and few suggestions for future research are proposed.  相似文献   
5.
The results of mineralogical studies of technogenic tungsten raw material (stale tailings of Bom-Gorhon deposit) are represented. Its particle size distribution as well as tungsten and accompanying element distribution among the fractions were determined. The necessity of grinding the heaps down to 0.2-0.25 mm in size was established. It allows increasing the recovery rate of two or more times in comparison with the traditional pattern of tailing processing.  相似文献   
6.
We report on an n-ZnO/p-GaN heterojunction diode fabricated from zinc oxide (ZnO) films at various growth temperatures (450, 500, 550, and 600 °C) by RF sputtering. The films were subsequently annealed at 700 °C in N2 ambient. To investigate the influence of the growth temperature of n-ZnO films, the microstructural, optical, and electrical properties were measured using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence (PL), and Hall measurements. The XRD pattern showed the preferred orientation along the c-axis (002) regardless of growth temperature. The PL spectra showed a dominant sharp near-band-edge (NBE) emission. Current–voltage (IV) curves showed excellent rectification behavior. The turn-on voltage of the diode was observed to be 3.2 V for the films produced at 500 °C. The ideality factor of ZnO film was observed to be 1.37, which showed the best performance of the diode.  相似文献   
7.
《Analytical letters》2012,45(13):2122-2131
China has one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, but this economic development has important implications for environmental changes in this country. Our research was to quantify the presence of heavy metals in soil and water environments in the Tianshan Mountains region of China, associated with the economic development of this region. We used anomaly analysis, correlation analysis, and principal component analysis to assess the occurrence characteristics of heavy metals in this area. Results showed that Co, Cr, As, and Ni are more prevalent in water environments than in soil environments; in contrast, Cd, Zn, Pb, Hg, and Mn are more prevalent in soil samples than in water samples. This analysis grouped 10 heavy metals in soil and water environments into three principal components. In soil environments, the prevalence order was Co, Ni, Cr, As > Mn, Zn, Pb > Hg, Cd, Cu. In water environments, the order was Cu, Co, Ni, Cr, As > Hg, Mn, Zn > Cd, Pb. It is possible to distinguish between the natural and the anthropogenic sources of heavy metals in the Tianshan Mountains. With the current rapid economic development in the Tianshan Mountains, anthropogenic sources are playing principal roles in serious heavy metal accumulations in this region. This problem warrants immediate and widespread attention to prevent further deterioration of the soil and water environments.  相似文献   
8.
以槲皮素-铜(Ⅱ)配合物(Qu-Cu)为模板分子、α-甲基丙烯酸为功能单体在强极性溶剂甲醇中合成了一种新型的配位分子印迹聚合物.紫外-可见光谱研究表明槲皮素与铜(Ⅱ)形成1:2配合物,槲皮素、铜(Ⅱ)和功能单体α-甲基丙烯酸三者发生了络合作用.利用透射电镜及平衡结合实验研究了溶剂用量对配位分子印迹聚合物形貌及其吸附性能...  相似文献   
9.
采用贴片pt100设计一种快响应温度计,在恒压和恒流驱动下分别实时测量大功率白光LED温度对光电参数的影响,测量误差小、效率高.实验表明,LED在恒压驱动时电流和光强随温度的升高而增大,而在恒流驱动时光强随温度的升高而减小;发光效率在恒流和恒压驱动时均随温度的升高而降低,但前者影响较小.  相似文献   
10.
聚合物发光二极管面光源的光热特性   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
运用传输矩阵法及MATLAB软件模拟计算了以MEH-PPV为发光材料的PLED面光源出光率,分析了发光层、PEDOT层、ITO层对器件出光率的影响.模拟分析了玻璃表面半球形、圆台形、圆锥形3种微形貌对器件出光率的影响.仿真结果表明,玻璃表面为圆锥形微散射层对提高器件出光率最有利,且出光均匀性最好.最后分析了PLED面光...  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号