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排序方式: 共有292条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
密度锁反向启动特性实验研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
实验研究了密度锁反向启动特性,结果表明:启动流量是影响密度锁反向启动过程的关键因素,启动流量偏离平衡流量较小时,余热排出回路反向流量较小,依靠系统本身具有的自稳定性,将很快建立密度锁内水力平衡关系;而启动流量偏离平衡流量较大时,由于余热排出回路流量较大,较多冷却水进入主回路,导致加热水箱入口温度降低,入口温度的降低对密...  相似文献   
2.
Hydraulic hoses are components of umbilical cables and others subsea equipments. They are manufactured from thermoplastic polymers and are susceptible to collapse under external pressure, which can cause plastic strains around the circumference, leading to failure under internal pressure (bursting). This work studies an alternative hydraulic hose liner capable of support such load history, even after long time exposure to the hydraulic fluid. It is based on the comparison between the material currently used (Polyamide 11) and a fluorinated elastomer, Viton®. Mechanical characterization, ageing tests as well as nonlinear finite elements simulations were accomplished to issue both performances. The results obtained showed that Viton® liners are mechanically more suitable than Polyamide 11 liners to such hoses. The ageing tests showed compatibility between Viton® and the hydraulic fluid. Considering that the external aramid layer is responsible to withstand the internal pressure in both cases, Viton® can successfully replace Polyamide 11 for this application as well as others involving layered hoses under combined internal and external pressure.  相似文献   
3.
将态型近场动力学理论引入水力劈裂问题的模拟。构建了能反映岩土类材料准脆性断裂特征的态型近场动力学本构模型,并在物质点间相互作用力模型中加入等效水压力项,以实现在新生裂纹面上跟踪施加水压力。同时,考虑裂纹面间的接触,引入物质点间的短程排斥力作用,并设计了相应的接触算法。通过自编程序将模型和算法应用于含初始裂纹、不含初始裂纹以及含坝基软弱结构面的混凝土重力坝在高水头作用下的水力劈裂过程模拟,并与扩展有限元等模拟结果对比,验证了本文模型和算法的可行性和准确性。  相似文献   
4.
对脆性材料的第一主应力--拉应力裂纹扩展准则进行了补充和修正,修正的裂纹扩展准则能确定裂纹扩展步长.以平面斜置裂纹扩展为例,利用无网格Galerkin方法,对不含裂隙水压的二维裂纹扩展进行数值模拟,计算结果与试验结果一致,表明最大周向拉应力准则的正确性.在不同裂隙水压条件下,研究了二维裂纹初始破裂,并在给定水压下对二维裂纹扩展路径进行了数值模拟跟踪.结果表明裂隙水压对裂纹初始破裂方向、破裂步长、破裂载荷和裂隙岩体破裂强度有显著影响.有水压和无水压的扩展迹线不同,但后续的扩展趋势相同.  相似文献   
5.
输水系统管道的泄漏影响瞬变水击波波形的畸变和衰减特性,对泄漏的定位和定量是泄漏辨识研究的重要环节.考虑水力瞬变中非恒定摩阻的影响,将泄漏参数反映在建立的管道瞬变流时域数学模型中,给出离散网格和求解方法,分析不同泄漏参数对瞬变水击波的影响,用遗传算法结合瞬变流时域模型的特征线法最小化管道测点压力实测和计算响应值的均方误差来辨识泄漏参数,其中实测信号首先经过预滤波和小波去噪处理.通过模型试验对瞬变流数学模型和泄漏反问题分析模型作了率定和验证,结果表明此法能有效的辨识出小泄漏参数,并且检测信号主动,阀门扰动可操作性强.  相似文献   
6.
Within the framework of the model of two interpenetrating continua, a horizontal laminar dilute-suspension flow in a vertical Hele-Shaw cell is investigated. Using the method of matched asymptotic expansions, an asymptotic model of the transverse migration of sedimenting particles is constructed. The particle migration in the horizontal section of the cell is caused by an inertial lateral force induced by the particle sedimentation and the shear flow of the carrier phase. A characteristic longitudinal length scale is determined, on which the particles migrate across the slot through a distance of the order of the slot half-width. The evolution of the particle number concentration and velocity fields along the channel is studied using the full Lagrangian method. Depending on the particle inertia parameter, different particle migration regimes (with and without crossing of the channel central plane by the particles) are detected. A critical value of the particle inertia parameter corresponding to the change in migration regime is found analytically. The possibility of intersection of the particle trajectories and the formation of singularities in the particle number concentration is demonstrated.  相似文献   
7.
Spatial stationary flows over an even bottom of a heavy ideal fluid with a free surface are considered. Jump relations for flows with a strong discontinuity are studied. It is shown that the flow parameters behind the jump are defined by a certain curve which is an analog of the (θ, p) diagram in gas dynamics. A shock polar and examples of flows with a hydraulic jump are constructed for a particular class of solutions. __________ Translated from Prikladnaya Mekhanika i Tekhnicheskaya Fizika, Vol. 50, No. 2, pp. 37–45, March–April, 2009.  相似文献   
8.
岩体水力劈裂的应力-渗流-损伤耦合模型研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
利用无单元法追踪裂纹扩展的优势研究模拟岩体水力劈裂的数值分析模型。定义损伤变量以描述岩体的损伤程度对岩体渗透性和强度的影响,建立了岩体水力劈裂的应力-渗流-损伤耦合分析模型,并编制了基于无单元法的计算程序。综合考虑应力、渗流及损伤之间的相互作用影响,分析了具有初始裂纹的岩体平面应力模型的裂纹扩展过程,指出考虑渗流作用时的裂纹扩展角大于不考虑渗流作用时的裂纹扩展角。同时,裂纹内水压力和渗流的作用对于裂纹的扩展方向和扩展长度具有较大的影响。  相似文献   
9.
The continued rise in the extraction of unconventional oil and gas across the globe poses many questions about how to manage these relatively new waste‐streams. Produced water, the primary waste by‐product, contains a diverse number of anthropogenic additives together with the numerous hydrocarbons extracted from the well. Due to potential environmental hazards, it is critical to characterize the chemical composition of this type of waste before proper disposal or remediation/reuse. In this work, a thin film solid phase microextraction approach was developed and optimized to characterize produced water. The thin film device consisted of hydrophilic‐lipophilic balance particles embedded in polydimethylsiloxane and immobilized on a carbon mesh surface. These devices were chosen to provide broad extraction coverage and high reusability. Various parameters were evaluated to ensure reproducible results while minimizing analyte loss. This optimized protocol, consisting of a 15 min extraction followed by a short (3 s) rinsing step, enabled the reproducible analysis of produced water without any sample pretreatment. Extraction efficiency was suitable for both produced water additives and hydrocarbons. The developed approach was able to tentatively identify a total of 201 compounds from produced water samples, by using one‐dimensional gas chromatography hyphenated to mass spectrometry and data deconvolution.  相似文献   
10.
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