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1.
Al2O3陶瓷材料应变率相关的动态本构关系研究   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
采用改进的SHPB实验方法对A12O3陶瓷的动态力学性能进行了研究,得到了材料在较高应变率范围内的动态应力应变曲线.结果表明,A12O3陶瓷为弹脆性材料,其动态应力应变呈非线性关系,在较高的应变率范围内,陶瓷材料的动态应力应变关系是应变率相关的;材料的初始弹性模量、破坏应力、破坏应变值随应变率的增大而增大.基于损伤力学的基本理论,给出了Al2O3陶瓷的一维损伤型线性弹脆性本构模型.根据SHPB实验结果确定模型中的参数,得到了Al2O3陶瓷应变率相关的损伤型动态本构方程.  相似文献
2.
基于Hopkinson压杆的动态压剪复合加载实验研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
郑文  徐松林  蔡超  胡时胜 《力学学报》2012,44(1):124-131
提出了一种可用于研究压剪复合加载下,材料动态力学性能的实验装置,该装置基于Hopkinson压杆,通过添加一个带倾斜端面的垫块,实现压剪复合加载.分析了该实验装置的基本数据处理方法,并利用有限元分析验证了此分析方法的可行性;然后利用该装置对常规金属材料进行了相同冲击速度,不同倾斜角度(0°,30°,45°)下的一系列实验.实验结果表明,该装置能实现压剪复合加载,并且能得到材料的动态屈服面,为研究材料在复杂应力状态下的动态力学性能提供了新的实验方法.  相似文献
3.
Summary Dynamic-mechanical properties of bitumen-sulfur mixtures, containing more than 10% sulfur, change with time up to one month ageing. Composites were prepared by adding silica to these mixtures. In general, the time-temperature-superposition principle applies. Moreover, the viscoelastic properties of the bitumen matrix are not significantly altered by the presence of sulfur. However, the triple time-temperature-interfacial area equivalence principle could not be verified, in this instance, since the interfacial area between sulfur, the new filler, and bitumen could not be established.With 11 figures  相似文献
4.
Some unusual rheological features of a liquid crystalline solution of hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC) in water have been investigated. Measurements have been performed by using a variety of different apparatuses with cone and plate geometries. Particular attention has been devoted to the experimental procedures, including the use of different sealing techniques, which are necessary to avoid solvent evaporation during the very long transients. Shear fracture effects, and their dependence on the type of sealing agents have also been studied. In steady shear, the HPC solution shows some rheological features which are common to other lyotropic systems, such as a three-region viscosity curve, and a double sign change in the first normal stress difference vs shear rate curve. The structural changes which take place after cessation of shear flow have been investigated by following the evolution of the dynamic moduli as a function of the time elapsed after the shear flow is stopped. It was found that the rate of the previously applied shear strongly affects both the kinetics and the asymptotic, long time values of the dynamic properties. Possible explanations for such behavior in terms of microstructure evolution are presented and discussed.  相似文献
5.
为了研究混凝土材料在钢质套筒侧限约束下的动态力学性能参数和破坏规律,采用分离式大直径(φ75 mm)SHPB实验技术,测试了钢质套筒侧限约束下不同混凝土试件在不同载荷作用下轴向或径向的应力、应变峰值,平均应变率,计算了混凝土材料的损伤值,描述了加载破坏现象,对实验结果进行了分析.结果表明:混凝土材料在被动围压下,延性、抗破坏能力得到加强,具有明显的增强效应.被动围压下SHPB实验中混凝土材料的破坏应变为典型SHPB实验中破坏应变的1.8~2.8倍;破坏应力达到150 MPa以上,为静力学无围压条件下的2~5倍.  相似文献
6.
对SnAgCu焊锡材料在应变率0.001、600、1 200、1 800 s~(-1)下的拉伸和压缩力学性能进行了测试,得到了不同应变率下的应力应变曲线.结果表明,该材料不仅具有明显的应变率效应,而且其动、静态的塑性硬化模量差异很大.金相分析显示:准静态压缩时,塑性变形主要由晶粒的转动、变形和晶界的滑移控制;而动态压缩时,可观察到材料内部的枝状晶粒被折断为大量次级晶枝,呈现出明显不同于准静态情况下的变形机制.  相似文献
7.
本文用粘弹性材料中应力波的弥散及衰减特性的实验数据来计算材料的动态力学性能参数。用塑料杆的纵波实验,测定了材料的拉压复柔量,并探讨了用横波实验测定材料剪切复模量的方法及有关问题。由测定结果在理论分析中应用,讨论了结果的可靠性。  相似文献
8.
在平板撞击实验中,通常利用应力计或VISAR来获得样品中应力历史或自由面粒子速度信号来研究材料的动态力学性能.本文采用含预制缺陷的K9玻璃作为研究对象,利用口径为37mm火炮加载装置,在靶样品的自由面上2 mm线长度范围内,利用16路激光多普勒探针测量系统(DPS),对样品自由面不同位置的自由粒子速度同时进行测量,此方法不同于传统的单点VISAR测量样品自由面速度,其空间分辨率为127μm,可分辨材料内部非均匀性(尺寸大于127μm的夹杂、缺陷等)对自由面速度信号的影响.本文的实验方法可为从细观尺度研究材料动态力学性能提供一种研究思路.  相似文献
9.
The dynamic mechanical behavior of suspensions of wood flour in polypropylene (PP) melts was investigated at varying filler concentrations. The main observed features were related to the viscoelastic nature of the polymer and to the filler aggregation, where the process of formation and destruction of particle clusters is governed by the polymer chain dynamics. The effect of the wood flour particles at low and large deformations was analyzed. The sample containing a wood flour concentration of 50% (by weight) showed a solid like behavior at low frequencies and was identified as the sample closer to a liquid-solid transition (LST). The values of the Newtonian viscosity obtained from sinusoidal oscillations at low frequencies were related to the concentration of filler in the suspensions. Moreover, a filler concentration scaling was found, that allows to obtain a master curve using the neat polymer as the reference and from which it is possible to calculate the dynamic mechanical behavior of all the suspensions. Apparently, for this system, the relaxation mechanisms of the neat polymer are not changed by the presence of the filler. However, the corresponding relaxation times are increased as a function of the filler concentration.  相似文献
10.
 The influence of preshearing on the rheological behaviour of model suspensions was investigated with a stress-controlled cone-and-plate rheometer. The used matrix fluids showed Newtonian behaviour over the whole range of applied shear stresses. Highly monodisperse spherical glass spheres with various particle diameters were used as fillers. By applying steady preshearing at a low preshear stress, where a diffusion of particles can be expected, it was found for all model suspensions investigated at volume fractions ranging from 0.20 to 0.35 that the time-temperature superposition in the steady shear and in the dynamic mode holds within the chosen temperature range. Furthermore, all presheared model suspensions displayed a high and a low frequency range which are either separated by a shoulder or by a plateau value of G′ at intermediate frequencies. It could clearly be demonstrated that the low frequency range strongly depends on the preshear conditions. Hence, the features observed in the low frequency range can be attributed to a structure formation of a particulate network. In the high frequency range a frequency-dependent behaviour was observed which obeys the classical behaviour of Newtonian fluids (G′∝ω2, G′′∝ω). The resulting temperature shift factors from the dynamic and the steady shear mode are identical and independent of the volume fraction and the particle size of the filler. Received: 29 November 2000 Accepted: 12 July 2001  相似文献
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