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钻孔法测量残余应力过程中钻孔附加应变   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
本文叙述了钻孔法测量残余应力过程中的附加应变.研究应力水平对附加应变的影响是在单向应力条件下进行的,结果表明,钻孔条件、材料状态以及残余应力达到一定值时,附加应变为零.  相似文献
2.
钻孔法测定焊接残余应力时的εp   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
刘析粱  焦建强 《实验力学》1994,9(2):115-123
用钻孔法测定焊接残余应力,孔边塑性变形对测量精度有很大影响。本文对孔边屈服过程进行了研究。克服了以往在误差修正方法中的不足,确定了塑性释放应变εp与主应力δ1、δ2和主方向角β的函数关系:εp=f(δ1、δ2、β),用以修正这塑变引起的测量误差,使得在二维应力状态下最大值近20%的测量误差降至2%以下。  相似文献
3.
预应力混凝土结构的预应力测量技术的探索研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
谢安瑛  别永顺 《实验力学》1992,7(4):357-363
本文着重叙述了在预应力轨枕模型和拉压双应力桥梁模型上采用环槽法和盲孔法测量模型预应力的方法,以及有关的分析计算结果.  相似文献
4.
The present study deals with the development and the application of the through-hole drilling method for the residual stress analysis in orthotropic materials. Through a systematic theoretical study of the stress field present on orthotropic plates with a circular hole, the relationships between the relaxed strains measured by a rectangular strain gauge rosette and the Cartesian components of the unknown residual stresses are obtained. The theoretical formulas of each influence coefficient allow the user an easy application of the method to the analysis of uniform-residual stresses on a generic homogeneous orthotropic material. Furthermore, to extend the method to the analysis of the residual stresses on orthotropic laminates, caused by initial in-plane loadings, an alternative formulation is implemented. The accuracy of the proposed method has been assessed through 3D numerical simulations and experimental tests carried out on unidirectional, cross-ply and angle-ply laminates.  相似文献
5.
We present a non-destructive technique for the determination ofin situ stresses in concrete structures, reterred to as the core-drilling method. The method is similar to the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) hole-drilling strain gage method, except that the core-drilling method is formulated in the current work are performed with traditional photogrammetry, and the more novel (and more accurate) three-dimensional digital image correlation. In this paper we review the background elasticity theory and we discuss the results of verification experiments on steel plates. Calculated normal stresses are within 17% of applied values for photogrammetry, and 7% for three-dimensional digital image correlation.  相似文献
6.
于桂杰  许霞 《实验力学》2009,24(2):163-170
膨胀管残余应力是影响膨胀管抗外挤、内压强度的重要因素之一。确定膨胀管的残余应力,测试方法至关重要。在常用测试方法中,机械测量法中的盲孔法体现出测试的优越性。应用盲孔法测试J55、K55两种规格膨胀管的残余应力,并根据实际测试的应力水平和实验误差,采用应变释放系数分级法对试验结果进行修正,以提高测试结果的精度。实验结果表明,膨胀管膨胀后存在环向、轴向的残余应力,且外表面总是压残余应力。将实验结果与仿真结果对比,误差满足工程要求,说明盲孔法测试膨胀管残余应力方便、快捷、准确、有效。  相似文献
7.
钻孔法是测量残余应力的一个重要方法。本文就有关文献所提供的A、B值进行分析和比较。对试验中由于贴片钻孔所造成的偏差提出了修正公式。此公式使用简便,经验算,误差在10%以内。  相似文献
8.
本文应用弹塑性理论研究了被测试样的屈服强度、应力场对钻孔法测量残余应力过程中钻孔附加应变的影响,使用简化的理论模型推导了低速旋转钻头钻孔产生附加应变的一般表达式.结果表明钻孔引入的附加应变与被测试样的原始残余应力状态有关,随应力水平增加而增大,在压应力减小到某一临界值σ时,钻孔附加应变为零。在 Ly12铝合金上的实验测量结果与理论结果一致。  相似文献
9.
An experimental study has been undertaken to investigate the shrinkage characteristics of acrylic-based and epoxy-based stereolithography (SL) photopolymer resin systems after they have been laser cured and post-cured under ultraviolet (UV), and thermal exposure. The induced residual stresses and strains were determined by the shadow moiré and the hole-drilling strain-gage methods. Out-of-plane displacements (warpage) of acrylic-based post-cured resin plates were recorded by means of the shadow moiré method and correlated to the shrinkage strains by theoretical analysis. The induced residual stresses in the epoxy-based cylindrical resin specimens were determined from strains of three-element strain-gage rosettes of the blind-hole drilling method. Results are presented for the shrinkage stresses and strains for both material systems as a function of the post-curing process (UV, thermal). It was found that the shrinkage strains in the acrylic-based photopolymer resin were of considerable magnitude, while thermal post-curing resulted in higher shrinkage stresses for both material systems. The values of the shrinkage stresses compare well with those of the existing literature.  相似文献
10.
通过钻孔法测试了T型整体化复合材料结构件在不同固化工艺方案下的残余应力,并研究了多墙类加筋壁板的腹板和蒙皮的残余应力分布,以及不同钻孔深度对结构件内部残余应力测试结果的影响。研究结果表明:共固化方式下产生的残余应力要小于胶结共固化方式下的残余应力。  相似文献
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