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1.
Understanding the complicated failure mechanisms of hierarchical composites such as fiber yarns is essential for advanced materials design. In this study, we developed a new Monte Carlo model for predicting the mechanical properties of fiber yarns that includes statistical variation in fiber strength. Furthermore, a statistical shear load transfer law based on the shear lag analysis was derived and implemented to simulate the interactions between adjacent fibers and provide a more accurate tensile stress distribution along the overlap distance. Simulations on two types of yarns, made from different raw materials and based on distinct processing approaches, predict yarn strength values that compare favorably with experimental measurements. Furthermore, the model identified very distinct dominant failure mechanisms for the two materials, providing important insights into design features that can improve yarn strength.  相似文献   
2.
We describe a model based on continuum mechanics that reduces the study of a significant class of problems of discrete dislocation dynamics to questions of the modern theory of continuum plasticity. As applications, we explore the questions of the existence of a Peierls stress in a continuum theory, dislocation annihilation, dislocation dissociation, finite-speed-of-propagation effects of elastic waves vis-a-vis dynamic dislocation fields, supersonic dislocation motion, and short-slip duration in rupture dynamics.  相似文献   
3.
The transient response analysis of the SLED based on the equivalent circuit is described. Then, a C-band SLED using TE0,1,15 mode cylindrical cavity with TE10-TE01 mode converter has been designed. According to the main RF parameters of the accelerator, the coupling coefficient is optimized to obtain the maximum multiplication factor. The key components of the pulse compressor include a 3 dB directional coupler, a TE10-TE01 mode converter,and a cylindrical cavity, which are simulated and optimized using 3D electromagnetic field simulation software. In addition, the function defining the relation between the coupling factor and aperture size is derived by a mathematical fitting method.  相似文献   
4.
In this paper, the extremum of second-order directional derivatives, i.e. the gradient of first-order derivatives is discussed. Given second-order directional derivatives in three nonparallel directions, or given second-order directional derivatives and mixed directional derivatives in two nonparallel directions, the formulae for the extremum of second-order directional derivatives are derived, and the directions corresponding to maximum and minimum are perpendicular to each other.  相似文献   
5.
框架剪力墙结构的定向爆破倒塌过程   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
利用ANSYS/LS-DYNA有限元软件,分别采用整体式模型和共用节点分离式模型对某高层框架剪力墙结构的定向爆破拆除进行数值模拟.通过与实际工程的对比发现,分离式模型模拟的效果更贴近实际,模拟结果更准确;此外,待拆除结构的爆破切口适当上移,可以减少结构的倒塌范围;最后,分析了钢筋和混凝土单元的应力时程曲线,指出共用结点...  相似文献   
6.
The goal of this work is to study the static behaviour of a three‐dimensional elastic beam when is subjected to a three‐point bending test. In the first part, under suitable compatibility conditions on the applied forces and on the geometry of the beam, we will prove the existence of a unique solution for the associated contact elastic problem; these conditions of compatibility on the data come from the absence of a Dirichlet condition on the beam boundary. In the second part, we will study the asymptotic behaviour of this problem; in particular, we will deduce the one‐dimensional models associated with the displacement components, and we will give the existence and uniqueness of solution for them. Moreover, we will give an expression for the normal axial stress in the beam which is related to the modulus of rupture of brittle materials. In the final part of the work, we will deal with the regularity of the solution for the bending problem and we will prove some properties of the coincidence set. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
7.

Integrated optic directional couplers consisting of curved waveguides are simulated analytically by solving the Riccati equation. The coupling coefficient between the curved waveguides with a parabolically varying gap and the condition of total power transfer between the waveguides are derived. In order to compute the overall coupling coefficient and hence the power distribution along the waveguides for Ti:LiNbO 3 curved waveguide directional couplers, the coupling coefficient for straight waveguide couplers is computed for different gaps using the effective-index-based matrix method (EIMM). Finally, the power distribution in the curved waveguides along the length is computed. The method is mostly analytical except the effective-index method and is computationally simple.  相似文献   
8.
This paper presents a new design for an insensitive-polarization all-optical switch using 2 × 2 multimode interference (MMI) couplers. The switching structure can operate at central operating wavelength 1550 nm for both polarizations. A nonlinear directional coupler is used to realize the phase shifter and therefore switching mechanism is obtained. The transfer matrix method and beam propagation method are used to design and optimize the whole device structure.  相似文献   
9.
Contacts of biological or biologically-inspired spherically shaped nanoparticles (e.g., virions or lipid nanoparticles used for intracellular RNA delivery) with a lipid membrane of cells are often mediated by multiple relatively weak ligand-receptor bonds. Such contacts can be studied at a supported lipid bilayer. The rupture of bonds can be scrutinized by using force spectroscopy. Bearing a supported lipid bilayer in mind, the author shows analytically that the corresponding dependence of the force on the nanoparticle displacement and the effect of the force on the bond-rupture activation energy are qualitatively different compared to what is predicted by the conventional Bell approximation.  相似文献   
10.
本文在非对称周期势中考虑驱动马达的机械化学耦合,基于布朗马达的工作原理,利用MATLAB数值模拟驱动马达在一定实验条件下的运动特征.我们首先模拟了单个驱动马达的位移和速度随时间变化的图像,然后分别计算了多个驱动马达运动的平均速度,最后计算了不同负载力条件下马达运动速度的系综平均值.模拟结果表明驱动马达在定向运动中存在等待态和行走态,行走步长约为8.2nm,且马达运动具有一定的随机性.通过与实验比较,发现模型计算结果与实验吻合.  相似文献   
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