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1.
A nanoisland consists of center spin-5/2 and perimeter spin-3/2 atoms, which is described by transverse Ising model with single-ion anisotropy. Magnetic behaviors of the nanoisland are studied by the effective-field theory with correlations and the differential operator technique. The formulas of the magnetization and the phase transition of the system are given. The numerical results of the phase transition, the magnetization, the initial susceptibility and the internal energy have been discussed. Some interesting phenomena, such as a new reentrant, are found. Namely there are multitransition temperatures dependent on competition among the single-ion anisotropies, the transverse field and the interlayer coupling. These results can provide some guidance to structure design in the nanoislands.  相似文献   
2.
采用火焰原子吸收光谱法测定了陕西杨凌、陕西安康和河南灵宝产杜仲叶中Fe、Cu、Mg、Ca、Mn、Zn 6种金属元素的含量,并对其含量的变化趋势进行了分析比较.结果表明,杜仲叶中含有丰富的人体必需金属元素,且不同产地来源的样品中金属元素的含量有明显差异,其中尤以Fe、Zn、Mn和Mg含量差异最大,Cu和Ca的差异不明显....  相似文献   
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本文研究了YBCO高温超导磁悬浮系统在竖直方向上不同的悬浮高度,不同的振动频率扰动下的振动属性.研究表明在一般的小的扰动下,悬浮系统类似于一个弹簧系统,该系统可以恢复到初始的悬浮高度.而当系统受到一个共振频率的扰动时,系统会发生剧烈的振动,会引起能量的损失,悬浮高度的降低.系统的共振频率会随着系统初始悬浮高度的降低而增...  相似文献   
4.
The collision efficiency of two nanoparticles with different diameters in the Brownian coagulation is investigated. The collision equations are solved to obtain the collision efficiency for the dioctyl phthalate nanoparticle with the diameter changing from 100 nm to 750 nm in the presence of the van der Waals force and the elastic deformation force. It is found that the collision efficiency decreases as a whole with the increase of both the particle diameter and the radius ratio of two particles. There exists an abrupt increase in the collision efficiency when the particle diameter is equal to 550 nm. Finally, a new expression is presented for the collision efficiency of two nanoparticles with different diameters.  相似文献   
5.
The steady-state movement of the spherical and non-spherical particles, such as prolate or oblate rotational ellipsoids, cylinders, or parallelepipeds, suspended in a liquid and exposed to a unidirectional temperature gradient, is analyzed theoretically. The differences in the ratios of the rotational to translational diffusion coefficients of the non-spherical to spherical particles, the heterogeneity of thermal conductivity of the particle body, and the heterogeneity in surface chemical nature make possible to separate the particles according to differences in shape. Preliminary experimental separations of Gram-positive and Gram-negative, nearly spherical and rod-shaped bacteria performed by Microthermal Field-Flow Fractionation confirmed that the fractionation of the cells according to differences in shape is possible.  相似文献   
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This paper reviews the solution-phase synthesis of nanoparticles via some routes at low temperatures, such as room temperature route, wave-assisted synthesis (γ-irradiation route and sonochemical route), directly heating at low temperatures, and hydrothermal/solvothermal methods. A number of strategies were developed to control the shape, the size, as well as the dispersion of nanostructures. Using diethylamine or n-butylamine as solvent, semiconductor nanorods were yielded. By the hydrothermal treatment of amorphous colloids, Bi2S3 nanorods and Se nanowires were obtained. CdS nanowires were prepared in the presence of polyacrylamide. ZnS nanowires were obtained using liquid crystal. The polymer poly (vinyl acetate) tubule acted as both nanoreactor and template for the CdSe nanowire growth. Assisted by the surfactant of sodium dodecyl benzenesulfonate (SDBS), nickel nanobelts were synthesized. In addition, Ag nanowires, Te nanotubes and ZnO nanorod arrays could be prepared without adding any additives or templates. Supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2005CB623601) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 20431020)  相似文献   
9.
交联聚乙烯的结晶行为研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本论文采用熔融共混法制备了高密度聚乙烯(HDPE)/光引发剂(BDK)/交联剂 (TAIC) 共混物,再用高压汞灯辐照制备一系列不同交联程度的样品。通过广角X射线衍射(XRD)与差示扫描量热法(DSC)等手段研究了紫外光交联对HDPE的晶体结构及非等温结晶动力学行为的影响。研究结果表明:紫外光交联不改变HDPE晶型;随着光交联时间的增加,结晶峰的强度下降;晶粒尺寸变小。随着降温速率的增加,HDPE与交联HDPE (XLPE)的结晶峰变宽,结晶温度(Tp)向低温方向移动,结晶速率变快,结晶度(Xc)下降。相比较而言,XLPE的Tp较低,F(T)较大,Xc较小,结晶活化能(?E)较高,表明紫外光交联抑制了HDPE的结晶。  相似文献   
10.
This investigation reports the atom transfer radical copolymerization (ATRcP) of glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) and 2‐ethylhexyl acrylate (EHA). Poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) has easily transformable pendant oxirane group and poly(2‐ethylhexyl acrylate) (PEHA) has very low Tg. They are the important components of coating and adhesive materials. Copolymerization of GMA and EHA was carried out in bulk and in toluene at 70 °C at different molar feed ratios using CuCl as catalyst in combination with 2,2′‐bypyridine (bpy) as well as N,N,N′,N″,N″‐pentamethyl diethylenetriamine (PMDETA) as ligand. The molecular weight (Mn) and the polydispersity index (PDI) of the polymers were determined by GPC analysis. The molar composition of the copolymers was determined by 1H NMR analysis. The reactivity ratios of GMA (r1) and EHA (r2) were determined using Finemann‐Ross and Kelen‐Tudos linearization methods and those had been compared with the literature values for conventional free radical copolymerization. The thermal properties of the copolymers were studied by DSC and TGA analysis. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 47: 6526–6533, 2009  相似文献   
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