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化学-力学耦合理论与数值方法   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
该文研究了化学场中的质量扩散与力学耦合问题,构造了化-力耦合情况下的力学本构关系与质量扩散的本构关系,并由这些本构关系和化学场、力学场的控制方程,得到化-力场耦合的有限元方程.通过数值算例,详细分析了由应力场引起的质量重分布和由化学场引起的结构变形.研究表明,力学与化学之间存在明显的相互作用,并采用有限元数值方法进行了分析.  相似文献
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A model that accounts for electro-chemo-mechanical couplings in clays, due to the presence of dissolved salts and acids and bases, is developed and applied to simulate experimental data. Chemically sensitive clays are viewed as two-phase multi-species saturated porous media circulated by an electrolyte. To the authors’ best knowledge, no other comprehensive project to embody the effects of pH in the elastic-plastic behavior of geomaterials has been attempted so far.The developments are embedded in the framework of the thermodynamics of multi-phase multi-species porous media. This approach serves to structure the model, and to motivate constitutive equations. The present extension capitalizes upon the earlier developments by Gajo et al. [2002. Electro-chemo-mechanical couplings in saturated porous media: elastic-plastic behaviour of heteroionic expansive clays. Int. J. Solids Struct. 39, 4327-4362] and Gajo and Loret [2004. Transient analysis of ionic replacement in elastic-plastic expansive clays. Int. J. Solids Struct. 41(26), 7493-7531], which were devoted to modeling chemo-mechanical couplings at constant pH.Four transfer mechanisms between the solid and fluid phases are delineated in the model: (1) hydration, (2) ion exchange, (3) acidification, (4) alkalinization. Thus all fundamental exchanges at particle level are fully taken into account. Only mineral dissolution is neglected, since experimental observations indicate a negligible role of mineral dissolution for active clays at room temperature. In particular, the newly considered mechanisms of acidification and alkalinization directly affect the electrical charge of clay particles and thus have a key role in the electro-chemo-mechanical couplings. These four mechanisms are seen as controlling both elastic and elasto-plastic behaviors. Depending on concentrations and ionic affinities to the clay mineral, the transfer mechanisms either compete or cooperate to modify the compressibility and strength of the clay. At given stress, they induce swelling (volume expansion) or shrinking (volume contraction).The framework is sufficiently rich to allow for the simulations of recently performed laboratory experiments on clay samples submitted to intertwined mechanical and chemical loading programmes, involving large modifications in ionic strengths and pH, and leading to significant changes in volume, stiffness and strength.  相似文献
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Chemo-mechanical coupling exists in a lot of intelligent materials including hy- drogels, biological tissues and other soft materials. These materials are able to respond to ex- ternal stimulus, such as temperature, chemical concentration, and pH value. In this paper, a one-dimensional theoretical model for chemo-mechanical coupling is proposed for analyzing the uniaxial stress/strain state of coupling materials. Based on the chemo-mechanical coupled gov- erning equation, the displacement function and concentration function are derived and the stress and chemical potential are obtained. It is shown that the present chemo-mechanical theory can characterize the chemo-mechanical coupling behavior of intelligent materials.  相似文献
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基于哈密顿原理,得到水凝胶的化学-力学耦合控制方程的等效积分形式和有限元形式。在整体坐标系下推导出用形函数表示的化学-力学耦合应变矩阵和单元刚度矩阵,并且得到在局部坐标系下的离散化形式。结合 ABAQUS软件,编制了用户单元子程序 UEL,通过数值算例验证了所开发单元的正确性,为在 ABAQUS软件中实现各种耦合问题的有限元 UEL编程提供了参考依据。  相似文献
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水泥石良好的粘结性能和力学性能决定水泥基材料和结构的耐久性.通过试验和理论研究,发现水泥石中含钙水化物质,特别是氢氧化钙Ca(OH)_2和水化硅酸钙C-S-H在化学腐蚀作用下的流失是一个复杂的过程.假定水泥基材料为宏观均匀材料,引入考虑两种水化物不同扩散过程的化学扩散模型.提出了新的化学-力学损伤本构模型,描述水泥基材料在不同化学腐蚀下的应力应变关系.综合应用提出的水泥基材料的化学-力学损伤本构关系和化学扩散模型,可以较好地反映水泥石具有时间效应的力学特性.  相似文献
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